1/ Thanksgiving commemorates a harvest celebration of Pilgrims and natives in 1621, the year after the landing at Plymouth Rock, MA. What's left out is what the alternative was to a wonderful fall feast with native friends... Starvation, Cannibalism, Death.
2/ Before Plymouth (1620) the three English settlement attempts in later "New England" were:
-Roanoke, 1584 (100% mortality)
-Popham, 1607 (~60% mortality, abandoned after 14 mos)
-Jamestown, 1607 (80% mortality from 1609-10 in during "The Starving Time." Colony survived)
3/ Of the three, Popham is perhaps the least remarkable. A boat of 120 boys and men arrives to Maine in 1607, winter is hard, natives hostile, leader/benefactor Popham dies, resupply shows up and 45 survivors jump (on) ship back to England, 14 months after landing.
1/ Thread: Hormesis 101. Hormesis is a biphasic dose response organisms have to environmental agents/stressors. It is biological proof that the Nietzschism, "Was mich nicht umbringt macht mich stärker" —arguably the founding premise
2/ of /fit/ + bodybuilding twitter, is in fact true. Origin —> 1880s toxicologist Hugo Schulz discovers that low doses of poison/disinfectant stimulates yeast growth (a sign of health) before becoming toxic/fatal at high doses. What mean? There is a nonlinear, dose-dependent
3/ relationship between stressors and harm or benefit. @nntaleb calls this "Proto-Antifragility", an incomplete, minor league echo of the grand AF concept. So, Hormesis is when small dose = positive health, high dose = death. The premise is simple, the implications are vast...
1. Thread: war, art, progress, aesthetics. Between 580BCE and 460BCE Greek sculpture evolved from Kouros, to Kritios Boy, to Riace Warriors and Doryphoros. This period coincided with unprecedented threats to Greek culture. Why did it precipitate an artistic golden age? WAR.
2. The journey is from archaic simplicity to warlike vitality.
Starting point is the statues of youths like this Attic kouros ("youth") from 580BCE with his rigid, left foot forward stance (an Egyptian convention). This period lasted from the days of Homer to Pericles, 9th-5thC
3. When Darius invades Greece, the human form in Greek sculpture takes a leap. Kritios Boy 480BCE: musculature more defined, hip heights show advanced skeletal realism. Carries weight like a real person, one hip higher on weight-bearing leg, the earliest example of Contrapposto.
Surprising accuracy of Braveheart —birth of the schiltron:
The Battles of Falkirk and Bannockburn (1st battle and final scene) are considered major turning points in European land warfare w/ first use of that kind of schiltron—12ft pike phalanx (FOR THE PERIOD)
2/The formation at Falkirk under Wallace was circular+static. "The front ranks knelt with their spear butts fixed in the earth; the rear ranks leveled their lances over their comrades heads; the thick-set grove of twelve foot spears was far too dense for the cavalry to penetrate"
3/ Not just a clever idea thrown in for the movie, the schiltron pike phalanx used at Falkirk in 1298 is considered the first of its kind in the period, later perfected by Swiss Pikemen + Spanish Tercios in the age of "pike+shot" (pictured)
1/ As a kid in the SW, we were told the Anasazi "mysteriously" disappeared. In 3rd grade I did a project on the "controversial, alternative" theory that the Anasazi were cannibals (who starved / migrated). At the time, there wasn't too much evidence.
2/ This past year at xmas dinner my uncle, an archaeologist at M*sa V*rde, shared with me the latest discovery being hushed in SW archaeology. A number significant, clear cannibalism sites. Pit houses (Kivas) with human bodies separated by parts (same way they butchered animals),
3/ "cut and strip" markes on bones (meat removal).
"As if they didn't want to leave us any doubt at all, at one of these kivas, the last person to leave it hundreds of years ago left a MASSIVE human dump at the bottom of the ladder made up of 100% human protein." -Arch. Uncle
full album listen, it strikes me that Jason made the song Don't Want 'Em, about being too irresponsible to have a dog or kids, "Natalie Portman is my dream girl and I will die with her in my bed", and "dying alone", but prefaced it with wu-tang style martial arts dialogue.
the album takes a lot of risks, Jason repeatedly yells “you know my flava!” inviting the listener to question himself, “Do I really know J-creams ‘flava’? More than once, he says "my flava is Ice Cream!" So is it one flavor? Or is there an inner circle? And, who am I?
1/ Gen. John Stark, Battle of Bennington (August 16, 1777). Stark was appointed the Commander of the N. Continental Army three times by war's end. Called “a true Cincinnatus”, he was one of the few Revolutionary War Generals who returned to private life, shunning politics.
2/ Born in New Hampshire in 1728, Stark was Captured by Indians at the age of 24 and forced to “run a gauntlet” through rows of warriors armed with sticks. Stark grabbed the stick from the first warrior's hands and proceeded to attack him, taking the rest of the warriors by
3/ surprise. The chief was so impressed by this heroic act that Stark was adopted into the tribe, where he spent the winter.
He served as a Lieutenant in the famed Roger’s Rangers during the French and Indian War and retired as a Captain.
1/ What does the future of a country below population replacement look like? The most uninformed view I encounter among otherwise educated people is that the global population is growing and out of control. Opposite is true. Birth rates have been plummeting towards replacement
2/ (2 offspring/2 parents) for decades. In US we are already below replacement at 1.77. The world we inherit (our children more so) will have less people, not more. Hans Rosling has great work on the statistical model here
So wat means? How plan?
3/ First consideration: Land. Real estate appreciation ad infinitum is predicated on the assumption that there will always be more people, more demand. We actually have too much land and soon less people...Real estate is a terrible long term investment.
1/10 Romans Master Earth, Defeat Masada: A Story. I took this photo atop the fortress of Masada (Dead Sea in distance) during a weekend trip from the archaeology dig I was working in the Holy Land. (Excavating a 1stC Jesus contemporary town, more on that another time)
2/10 Masada sits atop a barren butte (as we'd call it out west), where in 72AD, rebelling Sicarii (splinter group of Jewish Zealots) were surrounded by a Roman force under Lucius Flavius Silva. The Sicarii, named for the "sicae" daggers they carried under cloaks, were an early
3/10 example of organized "cloak and dagger" assassination units. The Spanish word sicario is a derivation of Sicarii. For decades Sicarii assassinated Romans and pro-Roman Hebrews often in public, amidst crowds. They intended to incite widespread revolt of the province of Judea
"...of the men who do things is easy, but it is markedly ineffective. It is what evil men count upon the good men's doing."
3: "A soft, easy life is not worth living, if it impairs the fibre of brain and heart and muscle. We must dare to be great; and we must realize that
3b: "...greatness is the fruit of toil and sacrifice and high courage... For us is the life of action, of strenuous performance of duty; let us live in the harness, striving mightily; let us rather run the risk of wearing out than rusting out."
1/ Juan de Oñate. Born: 1550, Zacatecas, New Spain (then Mexico). Son of Spanish-Basque silver mine owner and conquistador Cristóbal de Oñate. Married Isabel de Tolosa Cortés de Moctezuma, granddaughter of conquistador Hernán Cortés. Man of Conquest, God, Glory, Gold.
2/ Exploits include visits to the Great Plans, Lower Colorado River Valley, claiming territories in New Mexico and encountering many indigenous cultures (some who entered into fierce combat against him). Many historians refer to him as “The Last Conquistador”.
3/ This Texas bronze is 34-feet-tall, weighing eighteen tons. Oñate is mounted atop his Andalusian horse while holding the La Toma declaration in his right hand (claiming land for Phillip II of Spain). It is the largest and heaviest bronze equestrian statue in the world.
1/ Revival of the scouting movement in America could save the country. I am moving forward with this idea (can fund+execute). If you want to do it better/faster, take this blueprint and run. Here's the plan... Scouting Revival as a startup:
Deploy an app for young men to undergo a self development curriculum (1-2hrs/wk) with participants encouraged to organize for hikes / open ended "hard things" and to discuss assigned manly readings. Dads are the paying customer and facilitator. Young men are the end user
3/ Flagship Summer Programs
Design and execute a base case summer program of backpacking trips, excursions, readings, and ritual for young men who've completed sufficient work in the app. Make replicable anywhere with wilderness. Regional branch/chapter founders will be dads.
1/ TW: conflation of personal and political philosophy. It would appear the think tank creature suspended in its goo has spent so much time studying politics it is unable to see movements in anything but political terms. The faulty assumption is that the factions it outlines
2/ (1619s, Under Fires, Frenchists, Discontents, Mishima-BAPtards) are equally interested in political power/forms of government. I'll avoid "exactly what is BAM" and use positive view of physical/social hierarchies as a proxy... (seek to climb, master space etc.)
3/ BA-Mindset (key word) is personal/spiritual philosophy for individuals. Gov't? Politics? You mean the place ambition + competence goes to die? No hot people in gov't. Accusing "Sun, Steel, and Sick Gainz" gang of political philosophy goals is like analyzing a high school
1/ Episode discuss Rousseauians but not the matriarch: Jane "Can't Handle Truth" Goodall. Year 1960: a young optimistic primatologist arrives to Afrique to study chimpanzee. Raised on Tarzan and Dr. Doolittle she believes chimps chimps like us but peaceful. Society makes us bad!
2/ Jane proceeded to witness that chimps go to war, torture, commit infanticide, and cannibalism. She muffled select findings, despite reporting more optimistic finds, like chimps using tools! “I’d no idea of the brutality they could show...
3/ War always seemed to me to be a purely human behaviour."
It took time for her to process the world contradicting her optimistic Rousseauian delusion. She would later write, “For several years I struggled to come to terms with this new knowledge. Often when I woke in the night,
Alexander slept with a copy of the Iliad annotated by Aristotle under his pillow. If you wore a Thracian/Phrygian helmet, you were down with it. Great men raised on great stories.
"As gale winds swirl and shatter under the shrilling gusts on days when drifts of dust lie
"piled thick on the roads and winds whip up the dirt in a dense whirling cloud – so the battle broke, storming chaos, troops inflamed, slashing each other with bronze, carnage mounting, manslaughtering combat bristling with rangy spears, the honed lances brandished in hand and
"ripping flesh and the eyes dazzled now, blind with the glare of bronze, glittering helmets flashing, fighters plowing on in a mass. Only a veteran steeled at heart could watch that struggle and still thrill with joy and never feel the terror." (Iliad 13.384-99).
1/ Ask Questions About Pyramids. Did homo sapiens in different climates, cultures, and continents all came to the same conclusion? Or something else going on? If hoomans evolve and natural conclusion is build pyramid, why stop? Why then forget how build? Make grug wonder
2/ Druids of ancient Britain forgot who built Stonehenge, Peruvians forgot who built Machu Picchu, the Brits/Egyptians ignore theories that date the Giza pyramids prior to dynastic Egypt –now confirmed by carbon-14 tests. Who build? Why build? Why stop?
3/ First, important understand "Egyptology" is a shamjoke discipline that broke off from history/art hist and became ideological academic niche midcentury. Early egyptos were playboy British aristocrats in search of fame and prestige. Yes respeck attitude but not trust field
1/ thread: Wuhan Miasma is smoke to distract from Paris and Greek Border where European shield aesthetics have hit all time low, signalling kulturcastration + triumph of brutalist/minimalist aesthetics over proud tradition of the hoplon, aspis, scutum, buckler, long/kite shield
2/ to destroy culture you must gradually alter institutions beyond recognition. Institution of shield is older than church. Greek shield hoplon is both literal and linguistic bulwark. Shield protec. Hoplite and hoplon form basis of modern concept of "economy" and civilization.
3/ "Economy" comes from Greek “oikonomia” meaning collection of single "oikos" -self sufficient family farms. During time of conflict, patriarch (autourgos) of oikos was expected to report self-equipped for military duty. He was called hoplite, after hoplon shield.
2/ "of Rohan, my brothers! I see in your eyes the same fear that would take the heart of me. A day may come when the courage of men fails, when we forsake our friends, and break all bonds of fellowship;"
3/ "...but it is not this day! An hour of wolves, and shattered shields, when the Age of Men comes crashing down; but it is not this day!"
1/ the lads analyze @TheGloriousLion Greece post featuring helmet from the hit Film Troy (2004) Starring Brad Pitt and Eric Bana, an injection of glorious sand, sweat, and blood baked in the Aegean sun directly into the viewer’s veins.
2/ Is that a reproduction helmet from the Hit Film "Troy" @TheGloriousLion ? Could it be? Or do the gods fool my mortal eyes?
3/ "The hit film Troy say you?" ...Yes, the one where Brad Pitt picks up a sword and brings a muscular, brooding presence to the role of Greek warrior Achilles in this spectacular retelling of The Iliad.