Discover and read the best of Twitter Threads about #germanculture

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#bicentennial
#germanculture
This year: 200th #anniversary of the #publication of #Goethe's great work of #art "#WestรถstlicherDivan".#Heisenberg memorized #love-#poems from the book while working on #QuantumMechanics in #Heligoland.
#Schubert it to #music:
The #poem sung by #ElisabethSchwarzkopf is on p. 166 of the 1819 edition and reproduced below, side-by-side with the 1914 translation by #Irish critic and #poet Edward Dowden (1843-1913).The translation is close, but NOT accurate (as Dowden tries to recreate rhyme and rhythm).
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Remark. The unclear phrase 'zu jemandes Herzen sprechen' was
allegedly utilized by #Heidegger in at least one letter sent to
#HannahArendt in 1925: cf. lisa.gerda-henkel-stiftung.de/ich_muss_heuteโ€ฆ.
Read 4 tweets
Relevant context: In the April 1910 issue of the journal @sciencemagazine, the #American #historian of #medicine Fielding Hudson Garrison writes: "Kircher's "Scrutinium pestis," one of the acknowledged landmarks in medical #progress, was published in #Rome in 1658, at least
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.. seventeen years before #Leeuwenhoek's discovery of the #infusoria (1675) and twenty-five years before his #RoyalSociety paper on the #microorganisms found on the teeth (September 17, 1683); so that making every allowance for the skill and proficiency of #seventeenthcentury
..
.. #opticians in grinding and polishing #lenses, the question whether #Kircher's lenses were better or worse than #Leeuwenhoek's is one of those "improbable problems" that each one can settle according to his personal preferences. No one will deny that Kircher saw some minute
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Read 7 tweets
#GermanCulture
Today is the 79th #birthday of #German economist and writer Roland Baader(1940-2012), a proponent of the #AustrianSchool of #economics, an indefatigable defender of #liberalism and prophet of the dangers of creeping #socialism. In a sense, a secular Martin #Luther.
Under hashtags of the form #MDHP-๐‘› I will publish my translation of the following #obituary for Baader:
Gerd Habermann: ๐˜”๐˜ช๐˜ต ๐˜ฅ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฎ ๐˜๐˜ข๐˜ฎ๐˜ฎ๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ญ๐˜ฐ๐˜ด๐˜ฐ๐˜ฑ๐˜ฉ๐˜ช๐˜ฆ๐˜ณ๐˜ฆ๐˜ฏ.
Junge Freiheit Nr.3/12 (2012-01-13)
(published in pdf-form in hayek.de/images/pdf/nacโ€ฆ)
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..The title of the above newspaper article has no DIRECT relation to Baader's work, rather is an #allusion to a subtitle of a book by Friedrich #Nietzsche (1844-1900), written when Nietzsche was at the verge of mentally collapsing. (Nietzsche was incapacitated from1889 onwards).
Read 4 tweets
#germanculture
Today is the 297-th #birthday of #German #poet Mathias Etenhueber (1722-1782). Getting ever poorer with increasing age, he produced a large amount of #poetry in #Latin and #German, often for specific occasions in #Bavaria. In despair, he even tried to exploit..
.. the spectacle of public #executions to draw attention to his work, by writing moralizing verses commenting on specific delinquents, then displaying them publicly near the official public proclamation of the respective death sentence.
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The last PUBLIC #execution in the #kingdom of #Bavaria happend as late as 1861-11-09, when a farmhand was #guillotineโ€‹d because he had robbed and killed a Bavarian #farmer. The last public execution WITH A SWORD in #Bavaria happened as late as 1854-05-12 when 19-year old..
Read 11 tweets
#germanculture
Today is the 124th #birthday of #German #mathematician Karl August Reinhardt (1895-1941) who(for all I know) was the first human being to describe a transitive convex pentagonal #tiling(despite #tilings having been known in several cultures since time immemorial,..
.. it seems to no one had found (or even looked for) for such tilings. (Here, 'convex pentagonal' means that the #polygon tiling the plane is a convex pentagon; 'transitive' means that the symmetry group of the tiling acts transitively on the set of tiles.)
Reinhard found five..
..distinct TYPES of such tilings. I did not read his work sufficiently closely to be able to tell whether Reinhardt claimed to have found ALL. Anyways, it took 50 years till more types were found(by the #American Kershner in 1968 who found three more types). The search for more..
Read 9 tweets
#germanculture
Today is the 157th #birthday of #German #mathematician Friedrich Engel (1861-1941). Engel is remembered for several achievements. He edited the works of ingenious, though outwardly unsuccessful and underestimated, German mathematician Hermann GraรŸmann, he was..
.. president of the 'Deutsche Mathematiker-Vereinigung' in 1910. He did much work on #LieAlgebras (the theorists of which commemorate Engel by naming a characterization of nilpotent Lie algebras after him). Engel is said to have had a talent for learning foreign languages, and..
.. his well-meaning efforts to act as an intermediary and popularizer with regard to the original work of the #Norwegian mathematician Sophus Lie (1842-1899) caused him an usual embarassment: Lie bitterly accused Engel not of #plagiarism but of having acted as a #spy who had ..
Read 7 tweets
#germanculture
Today is the 124-th #birthday of #German #mathematician Heinz Hopf(1894-1971). By ISBN 3-05-500402-7,page 173, Hopf in 1925 became one of only ten men during the 124 years from 1810-1933 whom the #mathematics faculty of #Berlin gave the grade of 'summa cum laude'..
.. for his doctorate. Hopf's relatively old graduation age of 28.5 years (which is old in mathematics, esp. in Hopf's time) is clearly due to #WorldWarOne: at age 18, Hopf volunteered to serve in the #German army, which he did(as a low-ranking officer) for a full four years..
.., in particular participating in the Battle of #Verdun of 1916,in which he was wounded. While on furlough in 1917, Hopf attended mathematics lectures, in particular by Erhard Schmidt, in his hometown of #Breslau (then still a #German town), which impressed him greatly. During..
Read 16 tweets

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