Irony: the *actual Caucasians* "never reached the apex of white racial hierarchy"
According to Blumenbach's colleague, Meiners, who made no bones about it -- "inferior peoples' inferiority justified, even required, their enslavement and the use of despotism for their control."
Crevecoeur, 1782: "never could I rest in peace; perpetually disturbed by the retrospect of the frauds committed in Africa in order to entrap them, frauds surpassing in enormity everything which a common mind can conceive...
when folks today say "they were men of their time" to excuse slavery, they lie
He concludes later that murder remains the central feature of whiteness.
Another layer of how White supremacy and race chauvinism has impacted education in our country/world.
"Oh hey, I've got this brand new idea!"
"Uh no, actually, that's the same shitty idea that someone else came up with 300 years ago and is still shitty."
The "Goddard" referred here is Henry H. Goddard (prominent eugenicist)
"The needs of working-class northern black voters, for instance, took a backseat to the powerful southern Democrats' obsession with white supremacy and abhorrence of labor unions. Southerners in Congress kept the New Deal segregated..."
Anti-Blackness is at the very core of Whiteness.
Here we goooo
Damn ain't that the truth.
Goodness gracious, what a book. I would recommend it to anyone, but highly highly recommend it to folks who have been racialized as White. Dr. Painter has given us a thousand important lessons in this one volume.