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Thread by @BookThingo: " Session 2 theme is "Gender and Sexuality" chaired by @lmfletcher72 The first paper is “Asexual romance in an allosexual world: how […]" #IASPR18

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#IASPR18 Session 2 theme is "Gender and Sexuality" chaired by @lmfletcher72
The first paper is “Asexual romance in an allosexual world: how asexual characters (and authors) create space for romantic love” by Ellen Carter (University of Strasbourg) #IASPR18
"An asexual is someone who does not experience sexual attraction" Ellen summarises some of the incorrect and damaging stereotypes of asexual people, and how they're perceived. #IASPR18
Sexual vs romantic orientation. Ellen talks about ace-spectrum and counts 60 novels since 2012. Of these, 67% are m/m. Less than 20% have at least 1 female romantic interest. 2016 was peak year for ace-spectrum romance novels. #IASPR18
Queer romance publishing: Girls who like boys who like boys by Lucy Neville. Found that 37% of viewers to male gay website are women. Ties into huge proportion of straight women writing gay fiction. #IASPR18
In allosexual romance, non-aligned libidos signify problems. So you can see how this would provide conflict with Ace characters. #IASPR18
Types of ace romances: 2 ace characters 12%; polyamorous 13%; open relationship 3%; ace+allo 72%. Asexual + allosexual outcomes: no sexual contact 14%; kiss/hug 50%; k/h+ grind/hj/toys 14%; sex w/ mental prep/negotiation 9%; sex as desire to make other person happy 14%. #IASPR18
Authors of ace-spectrum romance: 72% female; 23% identify as asexual or gray-asexual. (Note: 49% of authors are of unspecified sexual orientation.) #IASPR18
As awareness of asexuality increases, we see more development of asexual romance fiction. Intimacy over passion (echoes Jodi's points). Co-creation of new spaces, asexual authors expressing orientation. #IASPR18
Heteroromantic couples are under-represented, especially ace hero + allo heroine. #IASPR18
Next paper is on “Rural habitus, young love and control: Young men talk about (hetero)romance, ‘territory-marking’ and living rurally in Aotearoa/New Zealand” by Christina Vogels (AUT New Zealand) #IASPR18
(Also, just on the last paper, there was a question on consent. Ellen's answer was that consent is constantly negotiated in ace romance, from kissing, to other forms of sexual intimacy.) #IASPR18
Christina's study: how 22 school-aged men made sense of gendered (oppressive) roles within romantic relationships. #IASPR18
Some findings from conversations with the young men: boyfriends have a right to be possessive of their girlfriends, which seems to be embedded within a code of honour. Fighting as a way to mitigate shame & reassert masculinity. #IASPR18
Kissing your gf = a few punches. Sex with your gf = "full on bash". #IASPR18
There are consequences of NOT fighting the other guy. Derisive labels: weak, pussy, runt. #IASPR18
Rural school grounds emerged as a site where this type of territory-marking would be evident. Also a site of romantic networking for these young men. You're either a townie or a farmer. Different masculine status in the community. #IASPR18
Farmers: embodied more natural muscularity
Townies: needed to work on muscularity and performance of masculinity (going to the gym)
#IASPR18
Further analysis of what the young men said made Christina wonder if their statements about fighting were hypothetical/guesswork and not based on practical mastery, She's interested in ambivalence and the precariousness of these ideas in order to instigate change. #IASPR18
Q on whether this shows up in RuRo. Kate: Not really. << No one asked about how women viewed this behaviour. RuRo is female-centric POV! #IASPR18
Next paper is “‘Shipping’ Larry Stylinson: What Makes Pairing Appealing Boys Romantic?” - Andrea Anne Trinidad (Ateneo de Manila University, Philippines) #IASPR18
Boy band archetypes. Each band member embodies a type/personality. #IASPR18
Who's your fave/bias? Who's your ship? Some fandoms are super dedicated and consider their ship real. #IASPR18
The Larry Stylinson ship is the most popular ship within One Direction fandom. Most reblogged ship of 2015 in Tumblr. #IASPR18
"Larries" get kilig by witnessing interactions between the pair that feeds into the belief that they're in a real romantic relationship. #IASPR18
We are now watching a video on "how kilig is manifested" in this fandom. IT IS GLORIOUS. #IASPR18
Larry shippers' kilig is not just in private spaces, but spills out into public spaces. #IASPR18
^^ The gif above is affectionately known as "the Larry hug". #IASPR18
Management would separate the two boys so as not to feed fandom narrative, and Harry and Louis asked for fandom to give it a rest. These were ineffective & inspired fans to be more vocal. (Like maybe they're hiding something.) #IASPR18
Plotlines: 2 boy band members in secret relationship, management as villain. Conspiracy theories support these narratives. Hidden meanings in song lyrics. Shippers feel a "responsibility" to decode the real meaning & demand the couple's freedom. #IASPR18
Okay, Andrea is going through examples of the conspiracy narrative of evil management thwarting the true love of their ship, and tbh...I'm kind of convinced. 👀 #IASPR18
Fan-created dynamic Management hindering Tomlinson and Styles to publicly come out and express themselves freely as homosexual lovers. Lovers rebelliously subverting management’s orders to shout and fight for their love and implicitly involving their fans in the process.
Andrea briefly goes through history of Filipino literature around romantic & courtly love. Larry fandom mirrors romantic tropes. It encapsulates the suffering that ennobles the lovers. Adultery is removed and replaced by management attempting to exert control & repress. #IASPR18
Fandom stories and conversations rely on codes and conventions that are patterned after heteronormative romance stories (eg who tops/bottoms?) For Larry shippers have nicknamed them: Small and Tall. #IASPR18
(This part reminds me of the fanfic and fan art that Graham Norton likes to bring up when he has James McEvoy and Michael Fassbender as guests. Includes top/bottom discussion, domestic roles, and baking!) #IASPR18
Shift between homosexual fandom fantasy to the heteronormative tropes used to construct the narrative #IASPR18 Shift from: conveying their of the existence of a real-life romantic homosexual relationship between the pair, to: the manner by which the community usually lay it out in fab fictions using the heteronormative romantic.
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