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Jennifer Cohn @jennycohn1
, 38 tweets, 11 min read Read on Twitter
North Carolina! The Ellis law firm in NC (see post 2) needs to hear from NC voters who experienced problems voting in 2016. The firm is investigating a potential lawsuit to determine if Russia directly interfered with the 2016 election! cc: @perryls3 1/ businessinsider.com/north-carolina…
2/ Here is contact info for the Ellis law firm, which would like to hear from any North Carolina voters who experienced problems voting in 2016. The firm is investigating a potential lawsuit to determine whether Russians directly interfered w/ the 2016 election! cc: @perryls3
3/ “At several polling stations in Durham, North Carolina, software used to check in voters failed — forcing volunteers to mark their appearance by hand.” nypost.com/2016/11/08/lon…
4/ “3 Charlotte Area Counties [in North Carolina] Report Voting Machines Picking Wrong Candidates” charlottestories.com/3-charlotte-ar…
5/ “In Durham County, NC, which is 40 % African-American, malfunctioning .. ‘electronic poll books’ created problems for early voters...Some gave up and left w/o voting after waiting in lines for nearly an hour bc of the problems.” i.stuff.co.nz/world/americas…
6/ Confidential (leaked) report indicates that Russians hacked VR Systems, a maker of electronic polbooks, whose systems “were used in California, Florida, Illinois, Indiana, NORTH CAROLINA, New York and Virginia.” The company is based in Florida. thehill.com/policy/cyberse…
7/ The NAACP "received reports [in North Carolina early voting] that voters used electronic voting machines to select a candidate, but that the machines identified a candidate other than the one the voter originally selected." wcnc.com/article/news/p…
8/ “The North Carolina chapter of the NAACP sent a letter to the state's board of elections Monday after voters complained that machines had flipped votes in five counties.” npr.org/2016/10/26/499…
9/ “The calls started flooding in from hundreds of irate North Carolina voters just after 7 a.m. on Election Day in November. [Para] Dozens were told they were ineligible to vote and were turned away at the polls, ... newsobserver.com/news/politics-…
10/ ... even when they displayed current registration cards. Others were sent from one polling place to another, only to be rejected. Scores of voters were incorrectly told they had cast ballots days earlier. In one precinct, voting halted for two hours...”
11/ “Susan Greenhalgh, a troubleshooter at a nonpartisan election monitoring group, was alarmed. Most of the complaints came from Durham, a blue-leaning county in a swing state. The problems involved electronic poll books — tablets and laptops, loaded with check-in software...”
12/ Electronic poll books “have increasingly replaced the thick binders of paper used to verify voters’ identities & registration status. She knew that the company that provided Durham’s software, VR Systems, had been penetrated by Russian hackers months before.”
13/ “It felt like tampering, or some kind of cyberattack,” Greenhalgh said about the voting troubles in Durham. newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
14/ “Despite the disruptions, a record number of votes were cast in Durham, following a pattern there of overwhelming support for Democratic presidential candidates, this time Hillary Clinton.”

Read more here: newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
15/ “But months later, for Greenhalgh [of NEDC], other election security experts & some state officials, questions still linger about what happened that day in Durham as well as other counties in NC, Virginia, Georgia and Arizona.”

Read more here: newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
16/ “Beyond VR Systems, hackers breached at least TWO OTHER PROVIDERS of critical election services well before the 2016 voting, said current & former intelligence officials....[who] WOULD NOT DISCLOSE THE NAMES OF THE COMPANIES.” Why is nondisclosure ok?! newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
17/ US govt officials “did not address ... security of...back-end election systems, whose disruption cld prevent voters from even casting ballots...partly bc states control elections” & “have long been loath 2 allow even cursory federal intrusions into the voting process.” (id)
18/ “That, along with legal constraints on intelligence agencies’ involvement in domestic issues, has hobbled any broad examination of Russian efforts to compromise U.S. election systems.”

newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
19/ “We don’t know if any of the problems were an accident, or the random problems u get w/ computer systems, or whether it was a local hacker, or actual malfeasance by a sovereign nation-state,” said M. Daniel, who served as the cybersecurity coordinator in the Obama’s WH. (Id.)
20/ “If you really want to know what happened [in North Carolina & elsewhere], you’d have to do a lot of forensics, a lot of research and investigation, and you may not find out even then.”
newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
21/ “In Durham, a local firm with limited digital forensics or software engineering expertise produced a confidential report, much of it involving interviews with poll workers, on the county’s election problems. The report was obtained by The Times, ...” (id)
22/ “[E]lection technology specialists who reviewed [the confidential NC report on the many voting problems in 2016] said the firm had NOT conducted any malware analysis or checked to see if any of the e-poll book software was altered....”!!
23/ “Neither VR Systems — which operates in seven states beyond North Carolina — nor local officials were warned before Election Day that Russian hackers could have compromised their software”!!! (Id)
24/ “After problems arose, Durham County rebuffed help from the Department of Homeland Security and Free & Fair, a team of digital election-forensics experts who volunteered to conduct a free autopsy. The same was true elsewhere across the country.” (Id) (JC Note: UNACCEPTABLE!)
25/ As explained by Greenhalgh of NEDC, “We still don’t know if Russian hackers did this,’” and we also “still don’t know that they didn’t.’”

newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
26/ Greenhalgh recalls that “chills went down [her] spine,” when “The Charlotte Observer reported that Durham’s e-poll book vendor was ...VR Systems, which Greenhalgh knew from a CNN report had been hacked earlier by Russians.” (Id)
27/ “On Election Day, as the e-poll book problems cont’d, Greenhalgh urged an Election Protection colleague in NC to warn the state board of Elections of a cyberattack & suggest that it call in the FBI & DHS,” but “state officials said they would not require federal help”!!! (Id)
28/ Greenhalgh “also warned a Homeland Security election specialist of the problems [occurring in NC during the 2016 election]. Later, the specialist told her Durham County had rejected the agency’s help”!!!!
newsobserver.com/latest-news/ar…
29/ “Two previously acknowledged strikes in June 2016 hint at Russian ambitions. In AZ, Russian hackers successfully stole a username & password for an election official...”
30/ In Illinois, “Russian hackers inserted a malicious program into the
... State Board of Elections’ database. According to ... the board’s general counsel, the program tried unsuccessfully ‘to alter things OTHER THAN VOTER DATA’ — he declined to be more specific..” (id)
31/ In 2016, North Carolina was a crucial swing state. On 11/4/16, CNN reported that NC was “emerging as perhaps the state on which the 2016 presidential race turns” & that Clinton had been holding a small but “persistent” 2% lead in NC “in recent weeks.” cnn.com/2016/11/03/pol…
32/ CNN further opined that “for Trump, whose path to 270 electoral votes is already precarious, North Carolina is essentially a MUST-WIN...” (id)
33/ On Election Day, however, Trump officially “won” North Carolina, even though a Democrat (Roy Cooper) defeated the Republican incumbent (Pat McCrory) in the governor’s race. washingtonpost.com/news/powerpost…
34/ Note also the 5.7% “red shift” between the unadjusted exit polls in North Carolina and the official result! This chart was prepared by election integrity advocate & author, @JonathanSimon14, whose book “Code Red: Computerized Elections is a must read. amazon.com/CODE-RED-Compu…
35/ Code Red (2018 ed) “Not only were the red shifts in...NC, PA, WI, & ...FL well beyond the margin of error 4 the exit polls,” the shifts “clearly resulted in shifts of outcome...”The red shift 4 the “country as a whole” was “far smaller” than that seen in the key swing states.
36/ In 2016, “the same poll that had performed accurately and commendably across much of the country had apparently broken down spectacularly and unidirectionally WHERE IT COUNTED—in the key swing states...” (Code Red (2018 edition), p. 146.)
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