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Project MKUltra, also called the CIA mind control program, is the code name given to a program of experiments on human subjects that were designed and undertaken by the United States Central Intelligence Agency—and which were, at times, illegal.
Experiments on humans were intended to identify & develop drugs & procedures to be used in interrogations in order to weaken the individual and force confessions through mind control.
MK Ultra program engaged in many illegal activities, including the use of U.S. and Canadian citizens as its unwitting test subjects, which led to controversy regarding its legitimacy.
MKUltra used numerous methods to manipulate people's mental states & alter brain functions including the surreptitious administration of drugs & other chemicals, hypnosis, sensory deprivation, isolation, verbal & sexual abuse including the sexual abuse of children.
The scope of Project MKUltra was broad with research undertaken at 80 institutions, including colleges & universities, hospitals, prisons, & pharmaceutical companies. The CIA operated through these institutions using front organizations, some were aware of the CIA's involvement
Project MKUltra was first brought to public attention in 1975 by the Church Committee of the United States Congress and Gerald Ford's United States President's Commission on CIA activities within the United States.
Investigative efforts were hampered by the fact that CIA Director Richard Helms ordered all MKUltra files to be destroyed in 1973; the Church Committee & Rockefeller Commission relied on the sworn testimony of direct participants & the small number of documents that survived.
In 1977, a Freedom of Information Act request uncovered a cache of 20,000 documents relating to project MKUltra which led to Senate hearings later that year. Some surviving information regarding MKUltra was declassified in July 2001.
MK Ultra was headed by Sidney Gottlieb and ordered by CIA director Allen Dulles on April 13, 1953. Its aim was to develop mind-controlling drugs to use against the Soviets in response to alleged Soviet, Chinese, & North Korean use of mind control techniques on US prisoners of war
The CIA wanted to use similar methods on their own captives, and they were interested in being able to manipulate foreign leaders with such techniques and invented several schemes to drug Fidel Castro.
They often conducted experiments without the subjects' knowledge or consent. In some cases, academic researchers were funded through grants from CIA front organizations but were unaware that the CIA was using their work for these purposes
The project attempted to produce a perfect truth drug for interrogating suspected Soviet spies during the Cold War, and to explore other possibilities of mind control.
Subproject 54 was another MKUltra effort & was the Navy's top secret "Perfect Concussion" program, which was supposed to use sub-aural frequency blasts to erase memory. However, the program was never carried out. Or was it? I think it is used today.
Some historians assert that one goal of MKUltra & related CIA projects was to create a "Manchurian Candidate" subject through mind control techniques.
Alfred McCoy has claimed that the CIA attempted to focus media attention on these sorts of "ridiculous" programs so that the public would not look at the primary goal of the research, which was developing effective methods of interrogation.
One 1955 MKUltra document gives an indication of the size and range of the effort. It refers to the study of an assortment of mind-altering substances described as follows:
1-Substances which will promote illogical thinking and impulsiveness to the point where the recipient would be discredited in public.
2-Substances which increase the efficiency of mentation and perception.
3-Materials which will cause the victim to age faster/slower in maturity.
4-Materials which will promote the intoxicating effect of alcohol
5-Materials which will produce the signs & symptoms of recognized diseases in a reversible way so they may be used for malingering etc
6-Materials which will cause temporary/permanent brain damage & loss of memory
7-Substances which will enhance the ability of individuals to withstand privation, torture, and coercion during interrogation and so-called "brain-washing".
8-Materials and physical methods which will produce amnesia for events preceding and during their use.
9-Physical methods of producing shock & confusion over extended periods of time and capable of surreptitious use.
10-Substances which produce physical disablement such as paralysis of the legs, acute anemia, etc.
11-Substances which will produce a chemical that can cause blisters
12-Substances which alter personality structure in such a way the tendency of the recipient to become dependent upon another person is enhanced.
13-A material which will cause mental confusion of such a type the individual under its influence will find it difficult to maintain a fabrication under questioning.
14-Substances which will lower the ambition and general working efficiency of men when administered in undetectable amounts.
15-Substances which promote weakness or distortion of the eyesight or hearing faculties, preferably without permanent effects.
16-A knockout pill which can be surreptitiously administered in drinks, food, cigarettes, as an aerosol, etc., which will be safe to use, provide a maximum of amnesia, and be suitable for use by agent types on an ad hoc basis.
17-A material which can be surreptitiously administered by the above routes and which in very small amounts will make it impossible for a person to perform physical activity.
The Church Committee report in 1976 found that, in the MKDELTA program, "Drugs were used primarily as an aid to interrogations, but MKULTRA/MKDELTA materials were also used for harassment, discrediting, or disabling purpose
In 1964, MKSEARCH was the name given to the continuation of the MKULTRA program. The MKSEARCH program was divided into two projects dubbed MKOFTEN/CHICKWIT.
Funding for MKSEARCH commenced in 1965, and ended in 1971. The project was a joint project betweenThe U.S. Army Chemical Corps and the Central Intelligence Agency's Office of Research and Development to find new offensive-use agents with a focus on incapacitating agents.
Purpose: To develop, test, & evaluate capabilities in the covert use of biological, chemical, & radioactive material systems & techniques for producing predictable human behavioral &/or physiological changes in support of highly sensitive operational requirements
By March 1971 over 26,000 potential agents had been acquired for future screening.[34] The CIA were interested in bird migration patterns for CBW research under MK/ULTRA where, a Subproject 139 designated "Bird Disease Studies" at Penn State.
MKOFTEN was to deal with testing and toxicological, transmissivity and behavioral effects of drugs in animals and, ultimately, humans.
MKCHICKWIT was concerned with acquiring information on new drug developments in Europe and the Orient, and with acquiring samples
Once Project MKUltra got underway in April 1953, experiments included administering LSD to mental patients, prisoners, drug addicts, and sex workers—"people who could not fight back," as one agency officer put it.
In one case, they administered LSD to a mental patient in Kentucky for 174 days. They also administered LSD to CIA employees, military personnel, doctors, other government agents, and members of the general public to study their reactions.
LSD & other drugs were administered without the subject's knowledge or consent a violation of the Nuremberg Code the US had agreed to follow after WW II. The aim was to find drugs which would bring out deep confessions or wipe a subject's mind clean & program them a "robot agent"
In Operation Midnight Climax, the CIA set up several brothels within agency safehouses in San Francisco, California, to obtain a selection of men who would be too embarrassed to talk about the events.
The men were dosed with LSD the brothels were equipped with one-way mirrors & the sessions were filmed for later viewing & study. In other experiments where people were given LSD without their knowledge they were interrogated under bright lights with doctors taking notes.
I am starting to believe that a modern day "Midnight Climax" was set up by the CIA at Jeffrey Epstein's Orgy Island. Individuals and dignitaries that were invited there was drugged & the sessions of sexual abuse of children was taped for future blackmail use.
5-23-2018 Victims and family affected by MK Ultra are planning to file a class action lawsuit against groups for brain washing experiments conducted at Montreal's Allen Memorial Hospital during the 40s, 50's and 60's.
Ewen Cameron, with financing from the CIA attempted to "de-pattern" or wipe out the minds of patients then "re-pattern" or reprogram them.
In 2017 Alison Steel daughter of a patient received an out of court settlement of $100,000 from the Canadian govt for the MK Ultra abuses.
Anton Chaitkin: “Cameron would drug his victims to sleep for weeks on end, waking them daily only to administer violent electric shocks to the brain. . . . Patients lost all or part of their memories, and some lost the ability to control their bodily functions and to speak.”
Chaitkin explained: “For the CIA, Cameron tested the South American poison called curare, which kills a victim while simulating natural heart failure.” Many whistle blowers have died from sudden heart attacks. Is this connected?
A hypnotist involved in the experiments came forward, admitting he hypnotized & forced “young girls to engage in sexual intercourse with him.” Other MK Ultra test subjects were allegedly put through sleep deprivation & were made to eat their own feces and drink their own urine.
The elite’s involvement with MK Ultra and associated programs runs deep, and some of the more underground practices inspired by MK Ultra still occur today.
Ted Gunderson, a former FBI special agent and head of their L.A. office, worked to uncover years’ worth of information on high-level pedophilia, sexual abuse, and satanic rituals performed by the elite, some of which related to MK Ultra.
Gunderson worked alongside Brice Taylor, a sex slave involved with an extension of the CIA program MK Ultra.
Though MK Ultra ended in the 70s, many whistleblowers have come forward stating that a classified program called Monarch Mind Control (MMC) continued on, which included many children as test subjects.
MMC: A mind control method combining occult rituals, psychology, & neuroscience to create an alter ego within the subject. It's believed that once programmed monarch slaves are then used on demand by an elite group to carry out rituals & performances to achieve a desired outcome
What they basically do is they will get a child and they will start this, in basic forms it appears, by about two-and-a-half after the child’s already been made dissociative.
They’ll make him dissociative not only through abuse, like sexual abuse, but also things like putting a mousetrap on their fingers and teaching the parents, “You do not go in until the child stops crying. Only then do you go in and remove it.”
They start in rudimentary forms at about age two and a half and kick into high gear, it appears, around six or six and a half, continue through adolescence with periodic reinforcements in adulthood.
Edward Bernays MK Ultra quote
Have you ever wondered why those who promote worldwide mandatory vaccination, unlimited use of GMO agriculture, & claim that US medical care system is the best in the world are always given center stage in any media conversation while their opponents are made to look like fools?
There is a battle going on for the control of our minds and our bodies. It is being directed against those who insist upon their rights to eat the food of their choice, to use the healthcare of their choice, and to believe in God, the Creator of the Universe.
The writings of Bernays were extensively used in the 1920s by Joseph Goebbels, the minister of propaganda for the German Third Reich, to elevate Hitler to power.
Nazis in Germany used an extensive program of mind control to get the public to accept Hitler’s plan to fund the war effort. The propaganda machine convinced people that it was reasonable & desirable to exterminate disabled children & adults & pastors who objected Hitler's agenda
After Germany's defeat the US govt became concerned that German scientists might be taken to Russia where they would develop technology that could be used against the US. To avoid this potential problem hundreds of German scientists were brought to the US...Project Paper Clip.
In addition hundreds of mind control specialists were integrated into the scientific & university communities throughout the US. These mind control specialists helped reshape the (CIA) and developed the MK Ultra program.
Experimentation on adults & children was carried out by the MK Ultra program to see how the human mind could be broken into parts & reprogrammed to commit immoral acts & crimes without conscious memory of the events.
MK Ultra scientists used LSD & other mind altering drugs, electroshock therapy, sensory deprivation, sleep deprivation, physical torture with intense pain, sexual shaming, sexual mutilation, and rape to destroy the original personality of the subject.
This would create a compartmentalized set of identities in the same person that could perform tasks and then be unaware of what they had done. People who were broken in this way were turned into sex slaves for the ruling elite, into couriers for illegal drugs, and into assassins
Children were also victimized by MK Ultra operatives and were raised under direct control of the MK Ultra system and Satanists. The handlers of both children and adults maintained watch over them and used them for decades.
Victims were expendable — if their programming failed and they started to remember, then they would be killed to prevent them from sharing what they knew.
The U.S. government would like us to believe that the several decade long period of mind control research ended when the U.S. senate instructed the CIA to disband MK Ultra in 1977.
Trafficking children into mind control programs did not end it just went further underground. Drug companies are continuing the MK Ultra program by experimentation on children & adults. They are developing drugs that were on the CIA's wish list to control how we think & remember
Experimentation on brains of adults made another leap forward into public respectability in 2013 when Obama announced the creation of his 12 yr BRAIN Initiative to decode the functioning of the human brain. It will establish technology to control brain functioning at many levels
The emphasis on controlling the minds of individuals is being paired with an even larger program of mind control, which has the goal of controlling the minds of everyone in America to create a kind of New World Order.
Their mind control techniques are designed to make people doubt the Bible, forget God, deny the true causes of chronic illness in America, and to distrust all forms of healthcare except the drugs and other treatments provided by conventional allopathic physicians
Walter Cronkite wrote " A handful of us determine what will be on the evening news broadcasts, or, for that matter, in the New York Times or Washington Post or Wall Street Journal…. Indeed it is a handful of us with this awesome power… a strongly editorial power"......
Cronkite continues…we must decide which news items out of hundreds available we are going to expose that day. And those [news stories] available to us already have been culled and re-culled by persons far outside our control.
Current day mind control programs constantly bombard the U.S. population with hundreds of lies about every aspect of life to create a worldview that matches the beliefs of those who are trying to program our minds.
Our minds & our bodies are under constant attack, so that we can become virtual slaves to certain groups of people called the ruling elite. We are to obey the ruling elite by submitting to their plans, which are promoted by corporations & govt agencies.
The ruling elite and their mind controllers are trying to program us to only think in authorized patterns and to not question why things are happening. We are to accept official news reports and to just go along with the flow.
There are serious dangers for those who are unaware of modern mind control programs. The greatest risks are for our children who are being brainwashed to accept government power as a substitute for parental authority.
Congressional report 1976, “The CIA currently maintains a network of several hundred individuals around the world who provide intelligence for the CIA and at times attempt to influence opinion through the use of covert propaganda.
These individuals provide the CIA with direct access to a large number of newspapers and periodicals, scores of press services and news agencies, radio and television stations, commercial book publishers, and other foreign media outlets.” Operation Mockingbird
After 1953 the network was overseen by Allen W. Dulles, director of the Central Intelligence Agency. By this time Operation Mockingbird had a major influence over 25 newspapers and wire agencies. Now they have all.
The Office of Policy Coordination (OPC) was funded by siphoning of funds intended for the Marshall Plan. Some of this money was used to bribe journalists and publishers.
According to Alex Constantine (Mockingbird: The Subversion Of The Free Press By The CIA), in the 1950s, "some 3,000 salaried and contract CIA employees were eventually engaged in propaganda efforts".
Joseph McCarthy also began accusing other senior members of the CIA as being security risks. Joseph McCarthy did not realise what he was taking on. Wisner unleashed Mockingbird on McCarthy. McCarthy was permanently damaged by the press coverage orchestrated by Wisner.
Mockingbird was very active during the overthrow of Jacobo Arbenz in Guatemala. People like Henry Luce was able to censor stories that appeared too sympathetic towards the plight of Arbenz. Allen W. Dulles was even able to keep left-wing journalists from travelling to Guatemala.
Frank Wisner was also interested in influencing Hollywood. Frank Wisner recruited several important figures for Operation Mockingbird. This included former OSS filmmaker John Ford and studio bosses Cecil B. DeMille (Paramount Pictures) and Darryl Zanuck (Twentieth Century-Fox).
Another important figure in the group was Howard Hughes the boss of RKO Pictures. in June 1950, General Ira Eaker signed an across-the-board agreement giving Hughes a monopoly in interceptors for the US Air Force. By the end of 1950 the war had made Hughes even richer than before
C. D. Jackson's main function was the coordination of activities aimed at interpreting world situations to the best advantage of the US and her allies and exploiting incidents which reflected negatively on the Soviet Union, Communist China and other enemies in the Cold War."
Jackson was in contact with a CIA agent in Hollywood's Paramount Studios. The agent is not named by Jackson but Frances Stonor Saunders claims in Who Paid the Piper? (2000) that it was Carleton Alsop, a CIA agent employed by Frank Wisner.
The main objective of Operation Mockingbird was to influence the production of commercial films the CIA also occasionally initiated film projects. The best instance of this concerns an animated version of Animal Farm a satirical allegory about Stalinism by George Orwell
In 1950 Wisner’s OPC arranged for Joe Bryan to recruit anti-communist documentary-maker Louis de Rochemont to produce a movie version of the tale. It was decided to get the film made in Britain to disguise CIA involvement in the project.
Most of the funding came from a CIA shell corporation, Touchstone. E. Howard Hunt was one of those agents involved in the production of the film whose role was to remove the socialist elements in Orwell’s allegory.
One of the main concerns of the CIA was the portrayal of race-relations in Hollywood movies. It was argued that the left was using this issue to undermine the idea that America was a democracy based on equal rights.
Letters from Jackson sent to the producers of films called for scenes showing African Americans mixing on equal terms with whites. One of Jackson’s proposals involved “planting black spectators in a crowd watching a golf game in the Martin and Lewis comedy The Caddy”.
Frank Church showed that it was CIA policy to use clandestine handling of journalists and authors to get information published initially in the foreign media in order to get it disseminated in the United States.
Church Writes “Get books published or distributed abroad without revealing any U.S. influence, by covertly subsidizing foreign publicans or booksellers.” Later in the document he writes: “Get books published for operational reasons, regardless of commercial viability”
Church goes onto report that “over a thousand books were produced, subsidized or sponsored by the CIA before the end of 1967”. All these books eventually found their way into the American market-place.
Thomas H. Karamessines “If you plant an article in some paper overseas, and it is a hard-hitting article, or a revelation, there is no way of guaranteeing that it is not going to be picked up and published by the Associated Press in this country”
Analyzing CIA documents Church identified over 50 US journalists who were employed directly by the Agency. He was aware that there were a lot more who were “being paid regularly for their services, to those who receive only occasional gifts and reimbursements from the CIA”
Church pointed out that this was probably only the tip of the iceberg because the CIA refused to “provide the names of its media agents or the names of media organizations with which they are connected”
Church was also aware that most of these payments were not documented. This was the main point of the Otis Pike Report. If these payments were not documented and accounted for, there must be a strong possibility of financial corruption taking place.
This includes the large commercial contracts that the CIA was responsible for distributing. What eventually emerged in the 1980s via the activities of CIA operatives such as Edwin Wilson, Thomas Clines, Ted Shackley, Raphael Quintero, Richard Secord and Felix Rodriguez.
Church also identified E. Howard Hunt as an important figure in Operation Mockingbird. He points out how Hunt arranged for books to be reviewed by certain writers in the national press.
Church finds “In examining the CIA’s past and present use of the U.S. media, the Committee finds two reasons for concern. The first is the potential, inherent in covert media operations, for manipulating or incidentally misleading the American public.
The second is the damage to the credibility and independence of a free press which may be caused by covert relationships with the U.S. journalists and media organizations.”
'76 George Bush, Director of CIA announced a new policy: Effective immediately the CIA will not enter into any paid or contract relationship with any full time or part time news correspondent accredited by any US news service, newspaper, periodical, radio, tv network/station...
However, he added that the CIA would continue to “welcome” the voluntary, unpaid cooperation of journalists.
In The Rolling Stone October, '77. Bernstein claimed that over a 25 year period over 400 American journalists secretly carried out assignments for the CIA: "Some of the journalists were Pulitzer Prize winners, distinguished reporters who considered themselves ambassadors
Most were foreign correspondents who found that their association with the Agency helped their work; stringers & freelancers who were as interested it the derring-do of the spy business as in filing articles & full time CIA employees acting as journalists abroad."
US President Barack Obama quietly signed his name to an Executive Order allowing the White House to control all private communications in the country in the name of national security.
“The Federal Government must have the ability to communicate at all times and under all circumstances to carry out its most critical and time sensitive missions,”
They will tell us what they want us to know.
Government Whistleblower Cathy O’Brien the author of the classic book on Covert Mind Control programs, Trance Formation of America. The book was based on Cathy’s groundbreaking testimony for the US Congressional Permanent Select Committees on Intelligence Oversight in 1995.
Cathy’s fascinating journey through the world of Deep Political Corruption & Covert CIA Programs began when her abusive father sold her into MKULTRA Mind Control Programs at an early age in Michigan through his political connections with local politicians, including Gerald Ford.
Through systematic torture and well documented trauma-based mind control programming, Cathy was forced to do shocking acts as a sex slave and participate in CIA Black Ops and White House/Pentagon level operations during the Reagan/Bush Administration.
During this period she interfaced with high-level political figures including Hillary and Bill Clinton, former President George Bush Sr. and former Vice President Dick Cheney.
Cathy exposed the insidious world of criminal covert operations happening inside Black Budget operations connected with the Pentagon and intelligence agencies, including human trafficking and extensive drug running programs.
Deep State efforts to suppress her testimony culminated in the National Security Act being invoked to silence her and continue right up to the present.
I think that all MK Ultra whistle blowers are credible to a certain extent. When their minds were fractured by trauma I think they were able to be re-programed to believe unimaginable things so that if they began to talk they would not sound credible.
Ken Kesey, the author of One Flew Over the Cuckoo’s Nest and a source of inspiration in the counterculture movement, was first exposed to LSD and other psychedelic drugs as a part of the MKULTRA project while still a graduate student at Stanford University.
Kesey did not believe the project was sponsored by the CIA & not until decades later did he discover the program’s true intent: It was being done to try to make people insane—to weaken people, & to be able to put them under the control of interrogators.”
Whitey Bulger: Bulger was exposed to LSD testing while in a federal prison in Atlanta in exchange for a lighter sentence. For 18 months, Bulger and other inmates were subjected to drug testing
The effects of the LSD on Bulger were such that the mobster reflected on the irony of his situation in his notebook, writing, “I was in prison for committing a crime and feel they committed a worse crime on me.”
Harold Blauer: Following a bout with depression that was at least partially caused by his recent divorce, Blauer checked himself into the New York State Psychiatric Institute and was diagnosed as a pseudo-neurotic schizophrenic. Checked in during early Dec 1952. Died month later
Though he was improving and was scheduled for release from the institute, doctors began “treating” Blauer with a series of injections that, as it turned out, were a derivative of mescaline.
Dr. Cattell was acting on a classified agreement between the institute and the Army Chemical Corps to test various chemicals for potential use in warfare, and one of the injections given to Blauer ultimately killed him.
Not until 1975 did the government finally admit to Blauer’s family that it had injected him with the mescaline derivative that caused his death In 1987, the family sued the government for its involvement and the subsequent cover-up, winning a $700,000 judgment.
MKULTRA Subproject 2:
1. Study the possible synergistic action of drugs which may be appropriate for use in abolishing consciousness through animal experimentation.
2. Survey of methods to enable the administration of drugs to patients without their knowledge.
Yrs: 1953 -1958
MKULTRA Subproject 3:
Realistic field testing of R&D items of interest to Technical Services Staff. This is the infamous safehouses known as Operation Midnight Climax.
Years: 1953 -1956
MKULTRA Subproject 4:
Subprojects 4, 15, and 19 are to fund the contractor, a magician, to write a manual on the various aspects of the magicians’ art which could be useful in covert operations. The result was Mulholland’s Manual, declassified and published in 2009
2009 as The Official CIA Manual of Trickery and Deception.
MKULTRA Subproject 5: Successful demonstration of “potentialities of hypnosis as a tool of the clandestine services”. Research in hypnosis was to determine if: hypnosis could be used as a memory enhancer, a learning aid, a polygraph deceiver, etc.
Years: 1953-1956
MKULTRA Subproject 6: Develop reliable source of LSD within the United States and assist in the search for additional natural hypnotic products. Previously supplier, Sandoz, based in Switzerland.
Years: 1953 -1955
MKULTRA Subproject 7: LSD basic research. The studies included the use of LSD in therapy. As far as is known, subjects in this experimentation were witting. Funds are included for the payment of subjects.
Years: 1952 ― 1956
MKULTRA Subproject 8: Study of the biochemical, neurophysiological, sociological, and clinical psychiatric aspects of LSD, and also a study of LSD antagonists and drugs related to LSD, such as L.A.E. (Lysergic Acid Ethylamide). Testing upon human volunteers.
Years: 1953 ― 1955
MKULTRA Subproject 9: Study various depressant drugs which may more adequately control the maniacal psychotic patient, and test drugs that may help alcoholics and schizophrenics.
Years: 1954 ― 1955
MKULTRA Subproject 10: Study tested and evaluated the effect of LSD and alcohol when administered to individuals falling under various personality categories.
Years: 1952 ― 1957
MKULTRA Subproject 11: Developing and stockpiling toxins. Identify and produce in sufficient quantity for experimentation the active ingredients in certain seeds and plants. Preparation of a supply of the toxic protein, Abrin.
Years: 1953 ― 1955
MKULTRA Subproject 12: Isolate and investigate the chemicals responsible for the biological activities of materia1spresent in the bark of Piscidia Erythrina.
Years: 1953 ― 1954
MKULTRA Subproject 13: Funding of Agency activity at Fort Detrick, Maryland. Petty cash fund for use where proper channels for a given activity will require an undesirable amount of written or oral justification. Expedient purchase of materials.
Years: 1953 ― 1955
MKULTRA Subproject 14: OPERATION BLACK Payment to the Federal Bureau of Narcotics for the services of George White. Harry Anslinger, Commissioner of Narcotics.
Years: July to November 1953
Under MK-SEARCH, Geschickter continued to provide TSS with the means to assess drugs rapidly. CIA documents show that Geschickter tested stress producing chemicals, knockout drugs, and mind-altering substances on mental patients and terminal cancer patients at the Georgetown.
The Geschickter Fund for Medical Research remained as a conduit for a decade until 1967. Geschickter testified before the Kennedy committee that he had not tested stress-producing drugs on human subjects while both his own 1960 proposal & the CIA’s documents indicate the opposite
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