In trying to explain differences, we're forced to step back, identify key features that we otherwise took for granted, & think more rigorously about the drivers of change, or continuity. #thread
Why has poverty fallen more rapidly in Vietnam than Tanzania?
[There are other factors: better education, lower fertility rates, corruption, ethnicity, colonialism. Do add whatever explanation you consider pertinent].
@HazelSophiaGray: when socialism spawned crises, Tanzanian leaders pursued fragmented, individualised strategies of accumulation.
Whereas in Vietnam, local provinces experimented to reform the collective project.
Strong parallels in China - see @yuenyuenang's 📕.
Vietnam's real wage growth outstrips productivity
@HazelSophiaGray argues that growing wages were enabled by minimum wage regulation, agricultural productivity, & low food costs
--> productivity, low food prices, cheaper labour.
Whereas in Tanzania, SAPs left farmers more vulnerable.
(4) Fighting the American war decentralised the distribution of power in Vietnam, strengthening local organisational capabilities.
Poorer provinces continued to exert influence, due to their association with revolution. This --> egalitarian spending.
- Histories of political organisation, & mobilisation
- Distribution of power (ideologies, not just resources)
- Agric productivity;
- Geography, neighbours & FDI;
- Scope for (& monitoring of) local experimentation;