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Alice Evans @_alice_evans
, 10 tweets, 13 min read Read on Twitter
@rglenner 70% of the world's poor are women - claimed UNDP (1995).
this claim is widely repeated, yet lacks supportive evidence.
- as detailed by the brilliant @schant2

we don't have the requisite individual level data. most data looks at the hh.
@rglenner @schant2 myth 2 (but i think this is now widely accepted as a myth):
microfinance is a magic bullet

personally, my favourite book on this myth, and debunking it is by milford bateman
but you know this literature better than me
@rglenner @schant2 myth 3 (likewise now widely rejected as a myth):
east asian tigers & the rich west succeeded primarily due to economic liberalisation

championed by the IFIs in the 1980-90s,

rebutted by Alice Amsden, Robert Wade, Ha Joon Chang etc.

(again, you'll know this lit better than me)
@rglenner @schant2 myth 4: to change behaviour, raise awareness

donors & ngos often run workshops for civil servants & sensitise communities
but very rarely evaluate the effectiveness of this intervention

on HIV, i'd recommend the work of cathy campbell & @ProfEmilyOster
on gender, me (maybe)
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster Questioning the myth that gender sensitization galvanises change: sciencedirect.com/science/articl…

Questioning the myth that workshops for nurses/ civil servants/ parliamentarians mobilise attention to neglected health issues:
onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.111…
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster Myth 5: authoritarianism enabled China to grow.
Myth 6: countries need to start with the 'right' institutions in order to develop

Both rebutted by a book you know,
The great @yuenyuenang details the importance of 'directed improvisation'
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster @yuenyuenang Myth 7: we can reduce income inequality through effective policies

@WalterScheidel's *brilliant* book shows that sustained falls in income inequality have only ever come about through disasters (the plague, state decay, war).

does not bode well for 'leave no one behind'
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster @yuenyuenang @WalterScheidel myth 8: probably the greatest of them all,

the most effective way for rich countries to reduce poverty is give aid
conversations about 'how to help them' often presuppose giving cash

So Lant compares the best aid program & immigration
cgdev.org/publication/al…
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster @yuenyuenang @WalterScheidel myth 9: more info for citizens -> accountability -> better governance & services (T&A, as per WDR 2004)

but research increasingly shows importance of collective organising.
see this excellent paper by @jonathanfox707 in @WorldDevJournal sciencedirect.com/science/articl…
@rglenner @schant2 @ProfEmilyOster @yuenyuenang @WalterScheidel @jonathanfox707 @WorldDevJournal myth 10: condemn dictators & insist on multi-party elections to promote 'good governance'

in response, authoritarians have allowed elections, but rigged them,
yet observers dont always see rigging, & authoritarians get away with it.

-the brilliant @Fromagehomme & @brianklaas
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