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Khuram Malik @kmalikk
, 15 tweets, 21 min read Read on Twitter
To debunk a false narrative of #Balochistan’s accession to #Pakistan being spread for political goals.

To provide a history lesson to SM opinion makers & anchors as @MalickViews who must challenge such gross misrepresentations of historical facts on national media.

There was no upper/lower house representing entire #Balochistan at independence in 1947.

What @sakhtarmengal (intentionally/unintentionally) refers to as ‘Aiwane Bala & Aiwane Ziren’ were appointed (unelected) houses of State Of Kalat consisting of only 26% of Balochistan

#Balochistan’s area at the time of partition in 1947 consisted of

Gwadar ruled by Oman &
5 units of Balochistan Agency:

1-British Chief Commissioner’s Balochistan
2-Princely State Of Kharan
3-Princely State Of Lasbela
4-Princely State Of Makran
5-Princely State Of Kalat

Chief Commissioner’s #Balochistan overwhelmingly voted for accession to #Pakistan in ‘Shahi Jirga’ at Quetta after a spirited campaign by Qazi M Essa head of Balochistan Provincial Muslim League.

He not only rallied people in Balochistan but also in KP to vote for Pakistan
Princely State Of Kharan
was ruled by Mir Habibullah Khan Nowsherwani who favored accession to #Pakistan so highly that he wrote to #QaideAzam lamenting delays in Kharan’s merger with Pakistan & proclaimed “people of Kharan are independent from Kalat & will die for Pakistan”
Princely State Of Lasbela
was ruled by Jam Ghulam Qadir grandfather of current CM #Balochistan @jam_kamal

He also repeatedly wrote to #QaideAzam regarding pressure politics of Khan Of Kalat after British rule ended & demanded a quick accession of #Lasbela to #Pakistan

Princely State Of Makran
was ruled by Nawab Bai Khan Gichki who insisted #QaideAzam to accept an immediate accession of Makran to #Pakistan
& upon delays, even grew impatient to threaten that:
If #Pakistan doesn’t accept Makran’s accession soon, then we may approach others
Princely State Of Kalat mere 26% of today’s province of #Balochistan
was ruled by Mir Ahmad Yar Khan who was close to #QaideAzam his legal advisor
But Kalat had an unelected parliament dominated by pro Congress & anti Muslim League politicians of Kalat State National Party
Khan Of Kalat knew that independence wasn’t an option at partition.
All princely states had to choose between #Pakistan or #India.
Accession to #India wasn’t feasible due to geographical distance.
He negotiated with QaideAzam to get maximum influence as part of #Pakistan.
The politicians of Kalat State National Party such as Malik Saeed Dehwar, Gul Khan Naseer, Ataullah Mengal, Ghous Buksh Bizenjo were allied with the Indian Congress Party voted for #Independence which Khane Kalat tried to use to gain maximum autonomy from #QaideAzam
Delaying tactics by Khan Of Kalat delayed accession to February 1948
6 months after independence.

This disappointed #QaideAzam in Ahmed Yar Khan & he accepted pending accession requests from Kharan Lasbela & Makran

Isolating Kalat as 26% of landlocked area in #Balochistan
On top of Kalat’s isolation, on
27th March 1948 ‘All Indian Radio’ broadcast announced:

‘Kalat had requested accession to India, which Nehru has rejected.’

This humiliated Ahmed Yar Khan who denied having made such a request & hurriedly announced accession to Pakistan.

Another misrepresentation of historical facts by @sakhtarmengal on @MalickViews is that Ahmad Yar Khan signed Kalat’s accession to #Pakistan under Pak Army’s gun point!

He was arrested not in 1948 but in 1958 after his public opposition to ‘One Unit’ by Ayub Khan’s govt

Not only was Ahmed Yar Khan not arrested in 1948 but was honored with titles & appointed as
Khan e Azam of Council of Rulers of a newly created division of #Balochistan called:

#Balochistan States Union ‘BSU’
comprised of the States of
Kharan, Makran, Lasbela & Kalat

Nationalist leaders of Kalat such as Ghous Bux Bizenjo, Gul Khan Naseer & Ahmed Yar Khan himself have written books about #Balochistan’s accession being signed after Indian public rejection on 27 March 1948.

#PakArmy surely didn’t coordinate with India to force accession.

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