A review of the facts pertaining to the Ram Janmabhumi case makes it clear that the construction of the temple is the only viable solution to the dispute.
Ayodhya is situated till one yojana to the East of Sahasradharateerth, till one yojana to the West of Samateerth, till one yojana to the South of river Saryu’s banks and till one yojana to the North of Tamasa river. This is the inner abode of Lord Vishnu.
gateṣu pṛthivīśeṣu rājā daśarathastadā।
praviveśa purīṃ śrīmān puraskṛtya dvijottamān।।1.18.5।।
‘After the departure of the rulers, the exalted king Dasaratha preceded by the foremost of brahmins entered the city (of Ayodhya)’.
Six seasons (one year) passed after the completion of the sacrifice. In the twelfth month of Chaitra on the ninth day (of the bright fortnight), with Aditi as presiding deity when the star Punarvasu was in the ascendent and..
... the five planets Sun, Mars, Saturn, Jupiter and Venus, were exalted in their own house in karkata lagna, when Brihaspati was in conjunction with the Moon, Kausalya gave birth to a son: a facet of Visnu, Lord of the entire universe
... who received obeisance from all the worlds and was adorned with all auspicious signs, the venerable one to perpetuate the Ikshvaku race.’
[sarga 18, bālakāṇḍa, vālmīki rāmāyaṇa]
Thus, our religious scriptures (traditional sources) have accurately described the geographic position of Ayodhya as well as the birth of Shri Ram in the holy city.
A grand temple once stood on the birthplace of Lord Ram in Ayodhya but it was destroyed by the barbarian invaders & a building was erected on the site, which much later came to be known as ‘Babri mosque’
In the 10th chapter of Report of Archeological Survey of India, North-West and Oudh(1889), page 67 mentions that Babri mosque “was built in AD 1528 by Mir Khan on the very spot where the old temple of Janmsthan of Ramchandra was standing.”
GPRS excavations done under Allahabad HC monitoring & verification in 2002-03 established that a large temple of Vishnu Hari, who according to Hindu beliefs had killed demon king Dashanan, used to exist below the structure that came to be known as Babri Mosque
Ain-i-Akbari [III:334, 316-17] records Ayodhya as the birthplace of Shri Ram.
Mughal authorities issued a sanad in July, 1723 & the writer of the sanad stated in Persian that he was writing it from ‘maulud i.e. birthplace of Rama.'
In the first petition made to the British government by the mutawalli of Babri Masjid on 30th Nov, 1858, the disputed structure was referred as Masjid-e-janmasthan.
On 21st Jan 1870, the structure was referred as Masjid Baburi Waqia Janmsthan.
Maulana Hakim Sayyid Abd al-Hayy in his work titled Jannah al-Mashriq wa Matla’an Nur al-Mashriq recorded mosque being built by Babur on the site where Shri Ram was born & a magnificent temple once stood here.
Foreign works of Urdu, Persian, Austria have recorded the same incident of the temple being razed and the subsequent erection of a structure by Babur.
After the British takeover of the city, all official records have unanimously declared that the Babri structure occupied the Janmbhumi land.
The following excerpts have been taken from the book ‘Doha Shatak’ of Gosvami Tulsidas. It has been referred to by Jagadguru Rambhadracharya in Allahabad High Court and recorded on page 783 of the verdict
Year 1528: In 1528, Babur’s commander Meer Baki destroyed the temple that once stood where Shri Ram was born.
It was replaced by just a building & can’t be termed as a mosque because it lacked mandatory minarets & water pool wazu
It is a matter of speculation whether the structure was named after Babur, or as mentioned in his autobiography “Baburnama” on page 121, if it was named after Babri, a teenage boy he lusted after.
Year 1961: Interestingly, Sunni Wakf Board has recently begun a legal claim on this land from 1961.
As per Shia Wakf, Babur came to Ayodhya for 7 days & in such a short time, it was not possible for him to destroy Shri Ram temple,...
& construct a site for offering namaz & declare himself as a Wakif.
That is why the case should be fought by Shia Wakf Board & not Sunni.
Meer Baki was a Shia Muslim & he wanted to construct a site where Shias could offer namaz.
Year 1992: Till 6th December, 1992, a structure called ‘Babri Mosque’ stood here.
Do a temple and a mosque hold similar positions in their respective religions?
The fallacy that a temple & a mosque have a comparable standing in their religious framework has been at the root of the failure to resolve this issue and..
This is also why Hindus have not been able to reclaim all of the temples where Islamic invaders built mosques to show their dominance over the native infidels.
Indian, International as well as Sharia laws consider mosque as a prayer hall to offer namaz.
Dr. Swamy provides multiple legal citations in ‘Rebuilding Ram temple at Ayodhya’.
The Supreme Court constitutional Bench in Faruqi vs Union of India [(1994) 6 SCC 376] has held that a mosque is not an essential part of Islamic religion & that namaz can be performed anywhere.
On page 416 para 80 of the report, the Supreme Court observed,
“It has been contended that a mosque enjoys a particular position In Muslim law & once a mosque is established & prayers are offered in such a mosque...
... the same remains for all time to come a property of Allah & any person professing Islamic faith can offer prayer in such a mosque & even if the structure is demolished, the place remains the same where namaz can be offered.”
In para 82, the Constitution Bench rebutted it stating,
“The correct position may be summarized thus: Under Muslim law applicable in India, the title to a mosque can be lost by adverse possession....
A mosque is not an essential part of the practice of the religion of Islam and namaz can be offered anywhere, even in the open.
Accordingly, its acquisition is not prohibited by the provisions in the Constitution of India.”
Hindu temples, on the contrary, are constructed according to the Agama literature & after the consecration of Shri Vigrah, Bhagwan (deity) becomes the owner of the temple.
Purely on the basis of the concept of incomparable sacredness, a temple has a superior claim on Ram Janmbhumi than any mosque.
In 1885, Mahant Raghubar Das in a suit (no. 61/280 of 1885) filed in the court of Faizabad sub-judge against the Secretary of State for India prayed for the permission to build a temple on a plinth outside the mosque.
His suit was dismissed in 1886.
However, in his order the sub-judge stated,
“It is most unfortunate that a mosque should have been built on the land specially held sacred by the Hindus.”
1934: Walls around the Masjid on the domes are damaged in the communal riots.
British helps in the reconstruction.
1946: A branch of the Hindu Mahasabha called Akhil Bharatiya Ramayana Mahasabha (ABRM) start an agitation for the occupation of the site.
1949: At midnight on 22 Dec, when the police guards were asleep, a group of 60 enter Babri Mosque after breaking the compound gate lock of the mosque. Later a crowd of 6 k gather around, chanting bhajans along with religious slogans.
1950: Gopal Singh Visharad files a title suit with the Allahabad High Court seeking injunction to offer worship at the disputed site.
1959: The Nirmohi Akhara, a Hindu religious institution, files a third title suit seeking direction to transfer the authority of the disputed site, claiming to be its keeper.
1961: Case is filed in Indian courts against forceful occupation of the Babri Mosque & placing of idols within it.
1984: The Vishwa Hindu Parishad (VHP) launches an enormous movement for the opening of the locks of the mosque.
1986: A district judge orders the gates of the mosque to be opened after almost 5 decades & allows Hindus to worship inside the “controversial structure.”
A Babri Mosque Action Committee is created as Muslims protest the move to grant Hindu prayers at the site
1989: In February, VHP declares that a stone will be established for construction of temple near the area.
Communal tension in the region escalates
In 1990, the then BJP president Lal Krishna Advani took out a cross-country Rath Yatra to garner support for a Ram temple at Ayodhya.
The 1990 Ayodhya Massacre,
a Jaliwanabag in Independent India by Mulayam Singh Yadav
On the orders of Mulayam Singh Yadav Security Personnel fired on the unarmed crowd & chased kar sevaks across the area.
Many people died ...
The afternoon of Dec 5 was the turning point.
That was when it was finally announced there would be a symbolic kar seva.
Ayodhya simmered with suppressed anger and frustration.
Hundreds of kar sevaks stormed the Maniram Chavani, where two of the religious leaders-Mahant Ram Chandra Paramhans and Mahant Nrit Gopal Das-were subjected to a volley of angry questions.
In the narrow, serpentine lanes of Ayodhya, the slogans were becoming more menacing:
"Jis Hindu ka khoon na khaula, khoon nahin woh paani hai"
In Karsevakpuram, thousands converged to express their wrath against the leadership.
The Frankenstein's monster had been born.
And its creators were now its immediate victims."
Dec 6, 1992
The Babri Mosque at Ayodhya was demolished.
Karsevaks started to gather in thousands in Ayodhya
At around 11am the 1st of the Karsevaks broke through the Security cordon
By 5pm the Babri Masjid was completely demolished
In 1994 ruling by the SC came in a case related to acquisition of land in & around the Babri Masjid.
The SC observed that a mosque was not an essential part of the practice of the religion of Islam & Namaz could be offered anywhere, even in the open.
1991: State government acquires 2.77 acre land in the area & gives it on lease to Ram Janm Bhoomi Nyas Trust.
The Allahbad High Court stops all permanent construction activity in the area.
In 2010, the Allahabad High Court ruled in the Ram Janamabhoomi-Babri Masjid land title case that the Ayodhya land be divided into three parts.
All the parties appealed against the verdict in the Supreme Court
SC rejected all interim petitions seeking to intervene in Ayodhya case.
The top court accepted a plea that only original parties to the Babri Masjid-Ram temple title dispute be heard