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Rob Taber @RobTaber
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First panel of the #2018SHA (it's what's being used by the @JourSouHist) is the Hanger Memorial Panel on Belief, Belonging, and Blasphemy in the Haitian Revolution Era, featuring @JuliaGaffield, @DrEricaJohnson, Chaz Yingling, and Maria Cecilia Ulrickson #SHA2018
Matt Childs opens up by acknowledging the work of Dr. Kimberly Hanger, a past president of the Latin American and Caribbean Section and distinguished scholar of Spanish New Orleans / Louisiana. #2018SHA
I'm very excited for this panel, as some of these scholars I've known since our (very) early grad school days. #2018SHA
Good times - the audio is piping in a nearby panel very, very quietly. Reminds me of the time when Chaz Yingling had to present over a jazz combo at the Southern in Atlanta (a story Matt Childs is telling right now). Fortunately, Chaz can be loud (in a good way) #2018SHA
Chaz and I co-edited a book on free communities of color in the later part of the Age of Revolutions. I believe (cc: @BryanBanksPhD) you can still enter the drawing to win a free copy. He's currently an assistant prof at Louisville ageofrevolutions.com/2018/10/22/fre…
Dr. Yingling's presentation today is looking at piety among the insurgents, "calculated cultural politics of African Catholicism." How did insurgents see themselves? How did they talk about themselves? How did they build trust with Spanish allies? #Haiti #SHA2018
Dr. Yingling is building on the work of Dr. Catherine Bell on ritual theory and ritual practice. Black insurgents saw the revolution as a result of French impiety, rewards as the result of pious service. Afro-Catholic knowledge/worldview crucial. #2018SHA
A fascinating argument from Dr. Yingling here - that religious difference is part of why there's a break among the insurgents, some willing to return to the French Republic (when abolition is guaranteed) while others stayed with Spain. #2018SHA #Haiti #HaitianRevolution
Dr. Yingling: Professions of faith from Black insurgents made Spanish officials believe that they could engage in a holy Reconquista of French-occupied western Hispaniola. #2018SHA #Haiti #AfroLatinAmerica
(Brief sidenote - the audio has disappeared. No more creepy voice from the ceiling.)
Dr. Yingling revisiting Jean-François' marriage as a key political moment imbued deeply with religious importance. A unifying sacrament. (I'm reminded of Dr. Elizabeth's Colwill's chapter in World of the Haitian Revolution.) #Haiti #2018SHA
Dr. Yingling: Spanish discourse on Toussaint Louverture after his defection emphasized it as a "regression" and a return to "Africanness." #Haiti #2018SHA
Dr. Yingling: Georges Biassou couldn't get more Spanish support or acceptance to partake in the Eucharist until he married. #Haiti #2018SHA
Very much reminded of the ways the Haitian Revolution was seen as a holy war, here. Next up: Dr. Erica Johnson, on Catholicism and the politics of priests in Saint-Domingue / #Haiti #2018SHA
.@DrEricaJohnson is an assistant professor at Francis Marion University, specializing in religion and revolution in the Atlantic World. Here's her piece on white refugees in the Atlantic. #2018SHA ageofrevolutions.com/2018/03/26/whi…
@DrEricaJohnson .@DrEricaJohnson and @BryanBanksPhD have put together a great book on the #FrenchRevolution and religion in global perspective. #2018SHA ageofrevolutions.com/2017/12/20/boo…
And @DrEricaJohnson's book just came out - the actions (and limitations) of white allies in the Haitian Revolution. #Haiti #allyship #2018SHA palgrave.com/br/book/978331…
In today's paper, @DrEricaJohnson is doing some fascinating tracing of how the political/religious questions facing the priests (be constitutional? nonjuring?) also informed their advice to Louverture on the role of religion in the Saint-Domingue Constitution of 1801. #2018SHA
.@DrEricaJohnson detailing the dramatic actions of Father Leclune (sp?), the superior of the Dominican mission, during the 1802 insurgency. Leclune stays and advises Dessalines after independence, but then has a falling out over the status of remaining white colonists #2018SHA
It's interesting to see the way these priests explain their actions during the insurgency when they return to France. "I was ministering to simple cultivators, not THE rebels" - my paraphrase. #2018SHA #Haiti
It's also striking, reflecting on both of these papers so far, the role of the priests in legitimizing revolution & counter-revolution. #2018SHA #Haiti
Next paper is Dr. Ulrickson, assistant professor at Morgan State and a recent graduate of Notre Dame. She's exploring the formation of a lay Catholic brotherhood (confraternity) in Cap Haitien devoted to the sacred heart of Christ. #2018SHA #Haiti
Sacred heart is an expressive, bodily, passionate theology. But also clashed the type of Catholicism favored by the Haitian leadership in the 1830s. Conflict came to a head in the early 1830s when a priest preached against devotion to the Sacred Heart. #2018SHA
This priest is almost immediately rebutted by another priest. Note: as far as I know, there were no recognized confraternities in colonized Haiti. There was a group that looked a lot like in Cap François (same town) in the 1750s that administration sought to suppress. #2018SHA
Dr. Ulrickson tying the debates over the Sacred Heart to the Jesuit / Jansenist split, which had long existed in the area. Haitian leadership more attracted to the "interior" experience of Jansenism. #2018SHA
Dr. Ulrickson detailing Grégoire's mission to build up a Gallican Catholic church in Haiti. #2018SHA #Haiti
When Grégoire passed away in 1831, Haitian President Boyer called for national ceremonies of mourning. #2018SHA #Haiti
Much discussion in early national Haiti about promoting (and also defining) a "reformed" Catholic church. Interesting, interesting stuff. #2018SHA #Haiti
What "Haitian" was, was not yet clear - an excellent point from Dr. Ulrickson. #Haiti #2018SHA
Final paper is from Dr. @JuliaGaffield, who is doing double-duty, as she's president of the Latin American and Caribbean Section of the SHA. Author of Haitian Connections in the Atlantic World, editor of the book on the Haitian Declaration of Independence. haitidoi.com
.@JuliaGaffield references Vatican archives. A life-in-the-profession note for #SHA2018/#2018SHA attendees and other #Twitterstorians - Julia and Chaz first talked Vatican archives at the SHA in Atlanta in 2014. Chaz & I were still in grad school, Julia & Erica had just finished.
The lesson - talk to each other, learn from each other, respect each other, cite each other. #SHA2018 #2018SHA
Speaking of which, Dr. @JuliaGaffield is detailing her new research on Boyer's efforts to sign a concordat with the Catholic Church, modeled (to some extent) on the concordat with the French. #2018SHA #Haiti
Interesting point - the Vatican was ALSO looking for legitimacy via diplomatic success during a time of increasing secularization and state power over the Church. #2018SHA #Haiti
.@JuliaGaffield - the Vatican refuses the Concordat, because #Haiti (in their view) was more "tolerated" than "recognized" in the family of nations. #2018SHA #Haiti
Gaffield: A Concordat would eventually be signed in 1860, but by that time international law had shifted. Race trumped Christianity in perceptions of civilization and therefore membership in the "family of nations." #2018SHA #Haiti
Comments from Dr. Terry Rey, the author of the recent (wonderful) book The Priest and the Prophetess, a scholar of religious studies and philosophy at Temple. Comes bearing gifts for the presenters! ("Rey" = "king" = "magi" = "gifts") #2018SHA #Haiti
Rey cuts right to significance of this panel - disrupting this assumption that Vodou = Black, Catholic = White, and that Afro-Catholicism is fake or inauthentic. Cosmology is key! #2018SHA #Haiti
Sacramentality - crucial for religious experience!

Globalization - not a recent thing!

Somatics - the somatics of practice!

(Rey reading his favorite sentence from each paper, before diving into questions) #2018SHA #Haiti
Rey: bringing the theory in can help us see the flesh that was once on the bones in the archives. Also shout-out to the parish records of Saint-Domingue (yes! I shout out to myself, a little guiltily). Funerary documents also fascinating. #2018SHA #Haiti
I appreciate Rey's compliment re: the notarial records of Saint-Domingue, but the true masters there are Dominique Rogers and John Garrigus, with sizable contributions from Stewart King and many others.
First question is from Jane Landers, asking about the extent of the colonial parish records available online. The great database housed at Vanderbilt:

#SlaveryArchive #Haiti #2018SHA

vanderbilt.edu/esss/
.@DrEricaJohnson also points to the inventories of the parishes done after the Jesuits are expelled, which is highly intrigued.
The next question is about religious division (Catholic vs. Protestant) vs. racial division. Dr. Yingling telling fun stories about priests wanting to marry and defecting to British-occupied Saint-Domingue. Dr. Gaffield pointing to missionary schools. #Haiti #2018SHA
Dr. Ulrickson discussing religious divisions in the migrations between Haiti and the United States. @DrEricaJohnson discussing the efforts to ordain Black priests and where they go after ordination. #Haiti #2018SHA

Rey: Priests have long careers!
Next question is whether there was influence from British Methodists during occupation. Dr. Ulrickson points to some overlap - Gallicanism, confraternities are also about lay leadership. #Haiti #2018SHA
Rey points out that the oldest Catholic church in Port-au-Prince is named Sacred Heart. Very charismatic practice traditionally. #Haiti #2018SHA
.@JuliaGaffield points to the centrality of Catholicism to the Haitian diplomatic plan. There isn't an international network of Protestant nations in the same way at the time. Also, not placing entire bet on Britain. #Haiti #2018SHA
Gaffield points to chronology as crucial. By the time the pieces fall into place, race has taken center-stage as a "civilizational" marker. #Haiti #2018SHA
.@DrEricaJohnson (back into the colonial period) the Superior Council kicks the Jesuits out of Saint-Domingue (before anyone else!) because they were giving enslaved and free Black church members leadership roles. #Haiti #2018SHA
Matt Childs returns to Terry Rey's central question about theory - the best work on Atlantic religions is being done by anthropologists. True for Candomblé, Vodou, Santeria. Rey points "Corporal Knowledge" by Jennifer Glancy.
That's a wrap for the session - I'll resume tweeting for @Anita5446's talk for the LACS lunch. #2018SHA #SHA2018
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