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This thread for sharing some snaps from my recent visit to the Houston Museum of Natural Science. Just in front of the museum noticed a statue #Gandhi in park. Unfortunately in his own country all attempts are being made to tarnish his legacy. #HMNS #Houston #Museum #Science
Sambar Dear..just near the ticket counters and entrance
Septarian Nodules..an unique kind of sedimentary rock formed by a combination of volcanic eruptions, marine deposits and other factors. Looks like mineral. This sample from Madagascar.
Syrinx Aruanus...shell of an albino sea snail from Australia
Altai Argali...sheep from the mountains of Central Asia and Himalayas. They have the heaviest horns.
Dimetrodon #HMNS #Science #Museum
Fossilized archegosaur...a swimming amphibian
Diadectes..one of the first plant eaters to originate on eartg...an amphibian creature
Coelacanth..a rare species which was long thought to be extinct but was rediscovered off the coast of South Africa in 1938. A living fossil and alongside a digital representation.
Orinoco River Turtle Carapace. Also known as the Giant Amazon River Turtle; largest fresh water turtle in the Western Hemisphere.
Deinonychus..one of the raptor dinosaurs along with it's close cousin Velociraptor known to have inspired Jurassic Park raptors
Inostransevia...one of the first saber toothed cats known to have evolved around 220 million years ago
Othnielosaurus..a speedy dinosaur named after American paleontologist Othniel Charles Marsh. The well preserved fossil was recovered from Utah.
Gigantodactyl Quetzalcoatlus..one of the largest flying creatures to ever evolve with a 35 feet wingspan. It's a mystery for aeronautical engineers how such heavy creature managed to engage in active flight.
Plioplatecarpus..a sea dwelling reptile or mosasaur with similarities with today's lizards. Assumed to have evolved from land dwelling lizards which looked much like Komodo Dragon.
Uintatherium...the largest saber toothed in history
Diatryma..the giant flightless bird of the Eocene era. It was also called the 'terror bird' because of the size of it's beak. Howeever it is now know that this bird was actually a herbivore feeding on nuts and plants;far from being a mammalian predator.
Turtle with crocodile bite marks...fossil collected from Wyoming
Eremotherium...a giant ground dwelling slot which had it's habitat in South America and later moved to North after the Panama isthumas joined them. These giants could have weighed upto 10 tons and are believed to have become extinct during the Ice Age around 10000 yrs ago.
Platybelodon... mammoths with a shovel like tusk. Estimated to be there around 17 million years ago.
Largest jaw ever assembled of the giant shark Megalodon. Here is a typical scene depicted where a Meg attacks an elephant or mammoth which are known to be expert swimmers. A digital reconstruction of the same is also presented.
Chilotherium...a Hippo-Rhino. Close kin of today's one horned Asiatic rhinos.
Shansitherium - giraffe shorties. These are short giraffes unlike what we see today. This species is named for the Shanxi province in China. Short giraffes were thought to have gone extinct 3 million years ago until in 1900 it was sighted in Congo. (1/2)
(2/2) This new found animal was named Okapi and is considered a living fossil. It survived by hiding in the dense and humid forests of Congo basin while it's relatives in drier climates went extinct.
Left - Arctodus..giant short faced bear. One of the largest bears ever to inhabit North America measuring to a height of 15 feet and weighing 1.5 tons; almost twice the size of present grizzly bear.(1/2)
(2/2) Right - Smilodon...chinless saber-toothed cat found around California. This animal can be found in the Ice Age movie as the cunning cat Diego.
Petrified Wood is the fossilized remain of trees and plants transformed into rocks. This happens through a process of permineralization in which organic contents are replaced by minerals preserving the internal structures.
The museum has got a dedicated gallery for petrified wood. Few more samples from there.
Paleolama..the earliest variant of camel first showing up 35 million years ago in the region of current Nebraska and Wyoming. Camels originated in North America and evolved.
Holmesina...giant armadillo weighing upto quarter ton. This fossil was collected around Houston.
Right: Xenosmilus - cookie cutter saber toothed. Fossils of this creature is quite rare. Only two have been found in a Florida caves.
Left: Glyptodon- giant shelled herbivores...close cousin of present day armadillos
Hyracotherium - founding fathers of the modern horse family
Super soft shelled turtle - another living fossil found in warm welcome waters. Found in the Green River beds.
Allosaurus...an apex carnivore of the Late Jurassic period was also the most common meat eater during the period. They engaged in pack hunting and fed family groups.
Rhamphorhynchus..long tailed 'dactyls' with a rudder built into the tail
Ichthyosaur Stenopterygius.. reptilian sharks one of the most magnificent sea reptiles. They achieved the highest level of adaptation to sea life and lived their entire lives under water. They are assumed to be as fast as the sharks of today.
Giant bull mammoth that roamed in Northern America
Sahelanthropus Tchadensis - human ancestor from the Sahel region of Chad around 6-7 million years ago. A French team made the discovery in 2001. This ancestor is known to have an upright walking posture.
Australopithecus afarensis - southern app from the Afar region of Ethiopia around 3.9-3 million years ago. This is one of the longest lived and best known species of early humans. They survived more than 900,000 years which is 4 times what our current species has.
Homo Habilis - Handy Human from around 2.3-1.4 million years ago. They were bipedal, maker of crude stone tools and had a brain half the size of current humans. Their remains have been found in Kenya, Tanzania and Ethiopia.
Homo Neanderthalensis - humans from the valley of Neander...50000-20000 years ago. They are closest extinct human relatives. Their presence extended from Western Europe into Siberia and present day Israel. Their presence is not found in Africa.
The museum has a dedicated section for exhibits from ancient Egypt. Here and the tweets following this are few of those artefacts.
Carved from the hard purple and white stone porphyry, the bust would be a royal person or a god. This bust is expected to belong to Ptolemaic or Roman periods of about 100 BC - 200 AD. Many people assume this to be the bust of Cleopatra VII, the last ruler of independent Egypt.
Sarcophagus of a woman named Setjet, daughter of The Lady Tadyt. Ptolemaic period, 332-30 BC.
Coffin of Neskashuti. Late period. Dynasties 25-26. 747-525 BC. Neskashuti was the chief of singers of the god Min. He may have been burried in Akhmim, Min's hometown.
Left: Stela of Sheditef and his wife Henet. Painted Limestone. First intermediate period. Dynasties 7-11. 2181-2040 BC.
Right: Mirror with handle. Bronze disc with wooden handle. Middle Kingdom. Dynasties 11-13. 2040-1650 BC
Decree of the King Neferirkare respecting the freedom of clergy. On Limestone. Old Kingdom, Dyansty 5. 2477-2467 BC. From Abydos, Temple of Osiris.
Mummy of a man. Roman period, 30 BC - 330 AD. Human remains and linen. The real name of the man is not known.He is assumed to be a general of New Kingdom Pharaoh Thutmose III. He has a beard which was unusual in Egypt in those times.
Painted coffin of Tasenmetik. Painted wood. Late period. 664-332 BC.
Sarcophagus lid. Ptolemaic period. 332-30 BC.
The museum is also having a dedicated section on exhibits from Americas. Here and the tweets following are snaps from that gallery.
This parrot feathered poncho was preserved for many centuries by the dry climate of Nazca desert. The feathers came from birds which lived beyond the Nazca region. The garment has been dated back to approximately 400 AD by Carbon-14 dating.
Feather panel. Huari, 1000 AD. The Huaris lived in high central valleys from 500-1200 AD. Exotic feather capes found in their site is testimony to their prosperity.
Laughing figure. Remojafas, Gulf Coast, Mexico. 200-900 AD.
Very close to the laughing buddha figures.
A Foucault Pendulum in the museum providing proof of Earth's rotation.
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