The "Citizen Amendment Bill 2016" gives lifeline to religious minorities who have suffered prosecution in neighbouring Islamic countries Pak, BD & AFG.

Kudos to @narendramodi to stand by Hindus of entire Indian subcontinent

#Thread to explain the amendment & its implications
1/n (Basics)
Q1: What is the definition of citizenship?

A: Citizenship is the legal right to belong to a particular country. It offers right to vote & right to contest election.

Citizenship policy of a country plays an extremely consequential role in defining its demography.
2/n (History)
Q2: What is the Citizenship Act, 1955?

A: Initially, when Indian Constitution came into effect in 1950, it did not have any provision on how to grant or revoke Indian citizenship. Hence, the need for having a law governing citizenship matters was felt pretty soon
3/n
Government of India on 30-Dec-55 enacted "THE CITIZENSHIP ACT, 1955" which governs citizenship matters such as –

- acquisition of citizenship by birth, descent, registration, naturalisation & incorporation of territory
- termination & deprivation of citizenship
4/n
Q3: How many times Citizenship Act has gone through amendments so far?

A: After, its enactment, the "Citizenship Act 1955" has gone through 9 amendments.
5/n (Proposed Amendments)
Q4: What are the amendments proposed in the "Citizenship Amendment Bill 2016" tabled by Modi government in Lok Sabha on 7/1/2019?

A: It propose 3 changes in the existing provisions of the Citizenship Act, 1955 which are explained below 👇
6/n (Change #1)
Before: a foreigner who has entered India will be called "ILLEGAL MIGRANT" if he/she –

- does not have a valid passport or travel document
- stays beyond permitted period of time
7/n
After: exemption given to 6 minority groups from 3 countries Afghanistan, Bangladesh & Pakistan - they will not be treated as ‘illegal migrants’ even if not having valid passport or visa (provided came before 31/12/14)
-Hindus
-Sikhs
-Buddhists
-Jains
-Parsis
-Christians
8/n
Reason: government believes that these people were forced to take shelter in India due to religious persecution in Pak, BD & Afg and it will be unjust to call them illegal.

Minorities esp Hindus do not have a place to go - if not India (land of Hindus) where will they go?
9/n (Change #2)
Before: With OCI card, an Oversees Citizen of India can get access to education, employment, property, travel & economic opportunities.

Central government can cancel OCI card if holder is convicted in a crime (imprisoned) or indulge in anti national activities
10/n
After: change will enable government to cancel OCI card not only in case of imprisonment but also for the violation of any of the provisions of the Citizenship Act or ANY OTHER LAW.

Reason: tighter control to deal will violation of Indian law by the OCI card holders.
11/n (Change 3)
Before: the qualification for naturalization (citizenship) requires that the person should have resided in India (or in service of government of India) for "not less than 11 years" out of last 14 years in which last 12 months shall be continuous.
12/n
After: For the 6 religious minorities from Pakistan, Bangladesh & Afghanistan, the requirement of "not less than 11 years" has been reduced to "not less than 6 years".

Reason: to facilitate faster grant of citizenship to minorities who have already suffered so much.
13/n (Persecution)
Q5: Types of religious persecution minorities suffer in Pak, BD & Afghanistan?

A: Partition happened on the basis of religion with no fault of citizens.

India became a Secular State whereas Pakistan and later on Bangladesh, chose to become theocratic State.
14/n
This has led to an organised persecution for religious minorities which has continued till date.

Religious persecution by its very own nature is very inhumane where horrendous cruelties are inflicted on a minority group just because they belong to a different religion :-(
15/n
-Forced religious conversions
-Abduction of girls & women & their conversion to Islam
-Identity suppression, e.g. burka & skull caps are forced on non-Muslims
-Discrimination in schools / colleges
-Forced to study Islam & Urdu language
-Called with demeaning terms ‘Kafir’
16/n
-Irrespective of their castes (Meghwal, Bhil, Aivasi, Raika, Rajput, Kumar, etc) & profession Hindus are persecuted en-masse
-Snatching, theft, kidnapping
-No employment opportunities in govt jobs
-Destruction of religious places of worship
-Not providing cremation ground
++
17/n (Assam Accord)
Q6: Why people in Assam & NE states are opposing this amendment?

A: As a result of population movement from Bangladesh, the indigenous people of Assam have been reduced to a minority in their home State.
18/n
Their,
- cultural survival is in jeopardy
- political control has been weakened
- employment opportunities are undermined
- influx of illegal migrants is turning many districts into a Muslim majority region
- language has become linguistic minority in the state
19/n
To protect cultural, social and linguistic identity of the Assamese people, "Assam Accord" was signed on 15/Aug/1985. It mandates that people who have settled in the state after the cut off date of March 24, 1971 would be removed and stripped of citizenship rights
20/n
National Register of Citizens (NRC) is undergoing updation under the supervision of SC, says people with valid citizenship credentials having base pre-1971 can only have their names in it.

Around 4 million people have been identified in Assam who cannot be in the NRC.
21/n
New amendment is seen as,
-an open invitation to all Hindus to settle in India
-even though govt has put a cut off date of 31-Dec-2014, people will use all scrupulous means to present their case with back dated documents
-such cases are not in 100s or 1000s but in millions
22/n
Hence, there are obvious conflicts b/w new amendment and Assam Accord & NRC.

None of us want to see,
-beautiful cultural heritage of Assam getting endangered
-land of Lachit Barphukan facing existential threat

Who knows tomorrow there comes demand of merger with BD?
23/n
In 2001 Census the % of the Muslims between 0-6 age group was 41% whereas their overall population was 30.9%. One can imagine the serious condition today there after long 18 years. The countdown has really started when Hindus will be declared as minority in Assam.
There is no doubt behind the noble intentions of the Modi government to help persecuted minorities. If not they, no-one else will ever stand for Hindus.

I will present Government's response and possible remedies of this issue in the next thread.

Stay tuned...
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