Across the Midwest, it’s not uncommon for people from obviously & culturally white families to talk about having Native ancestry.
The vast majority of it is cultural appropriation, thanks to a lot of early to mid 20th century talk, but...
Those women without surnames? Probably Native, of the Miami Band.
Was it an ideal solution? No, certainly not. But it was better than being sent on a forced march in January.
I happen to know of this specific band & treaty because part of the family found it interesting enough to post on a message board. I’m not of that line of descent, though it’s also not uncommon in any early white immigrant Midwestern line.
I don’t know if the Quaker-Miami marriages were happy. I hope so? I think they were at least affectionate and a bit more egalitarian than most marriages of the time, since that’s the Quaker way.
But I don’t know; there’s no documentation.
Before DNA, before genealogy became something we could do online, from home? The family narratives were often the only history, because 19th century registrars were also patriarchal asshats, and didn’t recognize women’s right to property.
In context? We have a ton of reckoning to do, because genocide doesn’t happen in a vacuum, and we’re barely begun scratching the Western Hemisphere’s.
It’s really a lot more complicated than 280 characters.