Instead mums cut back on career ambitions, blame themselves for failing impossible ideals, & step back from top-jobs.
So it’s not enough for academics to just highlight the flawed status quo.
- Transcends parochialism, shows alternatives in other countries
- Evocatively conveys women’s struggles through qual research. We hear *their* voices, their perspectives
- Superbly accessible, engaging writing
Women can pick it up, hear from women in other countries, and (rather than blame themselves for not baking a 🎂 for some school event), they can see how things could be different.
There are a bunch of edited volumes, bringing together experts from different places
But tbh they’re usually disappointing: not truly comparative.
Ideally the same author would have expertise in each place.
She shares their narratives, their expectations of government, their struggles.
And it is awesome comparative work!! 🙌
- Substantively important, nuanced, persuasive research
- Methodologically, this is 👌
- And the clear, accessible (kinda folksy) prose is inspirational
CC is a role model for those of us trying to go beyond the ivory towers🤘
These insights are so important, & crucially one only sees these omissions by doing qualitative comparative research.
Some people only encounter a rude, unhelpful state, so have low expectations, & dont demand better services
But in districts with more responsive governance, citizens have higher expectations (just like CC finds in Sweden!!)
How economics shapes cultural practices, & explains cross-national variation in parenting styles!!
Why are Swedes so permissive, while US & Chinese parents are much more pushy?
Inequality! & high stakes in achievement incentivise intense parenting
Both use cross-national research to explain the structural, econ & policy causes of parenting styles.
But this book focuses not on *who* cares for the kids (mother/father),
But on *how* they care (authoritative/ permissive).
This explains change over time, and differences between countries
- @mdoepke & Zilibotti.
Why might this be?
But I’d never considered this explanation before
Yet the book is VERY persuasive!
Shows how parenting style affects school performance, & that this is a rational response to external incentives!
They test for that!
We see lagged effects.
As each country becomes more unequal, their cultural practices change: more intense parenting.
This is much much harder for poorer families (esp single parents), juggling multiple precarious jobs.
This compounds existing inequalities.
- reducing after-tax inequality, which constrains poor parents;
- supporting disadvantaged children (with affordable, high quality childcare & preschool, which also have wider benefits for society).
But it’s very much about parents’ *expectations* about what’s in their children’s best interests (as inferred from observations of wider society, so this includes civil rights & religion).
But rather their *expectations* of what will enable their children to thrive in that particular time & place.
Want parents to invest in girls learning?
Amplify exposure to women in jobs, so they see benefits to 🏫!
Here i’d flag Daniel Jordan Smith’s fabulous ethnographic work on Nigeria.
When wealth depends on who you know, it’s beneficial to have many kids, many connections jstor.org/stable/3401384…
The book is awesome: draws on a fantastic breadth of research, across a global range of countries; very clearly written; & utterly fascinating.
This is just a note to econs:
Qual insights can make your arguments stronger 💪
STOP trying to promote attitudinal change (eg praising articles about permissive Swedes),
START mobilising against inequality & for universal access to quality education,
So we enjoy the economic environ that *enables* permissive Swedes
This is a brilliant model
Very clear, easy to read
NO JARGON or complex terminology
NO ALIENATING, complex quant analysis
NO refs in parentheses, all in endnotes
So a fun, easy Saturday afternoon read 🤗
That’s not the case at all.
If I read a book I don’t find very interesting or persuasive (n=15 this year), I don’t tweet about it.
This - by @MigrationNerd - is perhaps the best international political economy book I’ve ever read.
It draws on careful quant analysis (all the regressions are shown),
& detailed process-tracing case studies of the Netherlands & Singapore (to address the possibility of reverse causality).
@MigrationNerd an incredibly astute argument:
Wow. And yes!!
This book is ground-breaking. I’m instantly convinced that @MigrationNerd is a genius 🙌
That’s what happened in Singapore, & see this recent NYT piece.
then endlessly tries to test & triangulate different hypotheses.
She is my hero!
If you teach political science, i’d strong recommend assigning this as a core reading.
It’s a superb example of analytical rigor. So useful for students (AND ME, still learning! 🙋♀️)