, 12 tweets, 6 min read Read on Twitter
Time use is key to understand the inequality between women and men. The way people use their time determines what they can do. This thread on #InternationalWomensDay is about time in paid and unpaid work. 1/12
🔑 T_I_M_E 🔑.
Everybody has a day of 24h. Around the world, most of the time of an adult is spent working. But women and men use these hours differently. Men work more on paid work, which brings money and power; women, on unpaid work… 2/12
Even in countries such as Sweden, women bear most of the burden of domestic work. Entrance in the labor market happened, but resulted in a ‘stalled revolution’ or a ‘lagged convergence’, at best. 3/12
There is a sexual division of labor, but women are not a mirrored image of men. They accumulate shifts of paid and unpaid work. Women work more than men, in total. This is Bolivia 4/12
(free) ipc-undp.org/pub/IPCWorking…
This is Brazil, showing 2nd order dominance. This means that women always work more, when compared to equivalent men. No exceptions. 5/12
#DiaInternacionalDaMulher #8M2019
The unpaid work load limits the opportunities for women. They must accept worse jobs or even not to work to cope with their domestic responsibilities. In part it is a choice, but also result of moral coercion or even agression. 6/12
There is a sexual division of labor. Men also do domestic work, but in activities with a more flexible schedule, as shopping or repairs – more compatible with a paid job. Women assume cooking or caring for children, with more rigid schedules. 7/12
It is mostly about gender roles. Culture. No matter what variables you use to explain the division of labor, being a woman is the main determinant of the time a person spends in domestic work, as Luana Pinheiro has shown for Brazil. 8/12
⏰ Is the division of labor a ‘family decision’? This approach has been abandoned long ago. ‘Families’ don’t make decisions, people within families do. There is a distributive conflict within the families, with women having less power. 9/12
🕰 What if women earn more than men? Do men assume the burden typically associated to women? Do men stay at home cooking and taking care of children? No, they don’t. Empirical evidence partially rejects the ‘economic bargain theory’. It's gender roles, above all 10/12
Again, it is all about roles, not really free choices. This problem will not be solved if we don’t assume that ‘the private is public’ and address it as a social problem, as any other. Time use is at the foundations of gender inequality. 11/12
The value of unpaid work for society is enormous. It ensures our very existence. Yet, our economic policies ignore this. They should not. Unpaid work deserves the attention of public policies. 12/12
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