Islam’s success is from politics. Mohammed converted 150 ppl in 13 yrs as a political leader & warrior, Islam exploded in growth, & Mohammed became king of Arabia in 10 years.
109:2 I do not worship what you worship, and you do not worship what I worship. I will never worship what you worship, and you will never worship what I worship. You to your religion, me to my religion.
This sounds very tolerant...
9:5 When the sacred months are passed kill the kafirs wherever you find them. Take them as captives besiege them & lie in wait for them w/every kind of ambush If they submit to Islam observe prayer, & pay poor tax then let them go their way. Allah is gracious and merciful.
The logic here is very important. Since Allah is perfect & the Koran is the exact words of Allah...
There are only 2 ultimate authorities about Islam—Allah & Mohammed. Allah is found in the Koran. Mohammed in the Sira &Hadith
Statement lays basic foundation for the political, economical, social, & religious system of all Islamic territories which impose the Islamic law.
1. Islamic state is ideological. People who reside in it are divided into Muslims, who believe in its ideology and non-Muslims who do not believe.
All 4 agree dogmatically on basic creeds of Islam but differ in interpretations of Islamic law derived from 4 sources:
Dar-us-Salam-household of Peace-those who fall into 3 classifications:
Shafi`i reiterates that Jizya isnt automatically put aside when the Zimmi embraces Islam.
Sheik Najih Ibrahim Ibn Abdulla summarizes purpose of the Jizya quoting Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya, that the Jizya is enacted:
According to Muslim jurists the following legal ordinances must be enforced on Zimmis residing among Muslims:
4)Zimmis NOT allowed to install the cross on houses/churches since it symbolizes infidelity.
6 NOT allowed to congregate in streets during religious festivals; must quietly make way to church
“In their own towns&cities they’re allowed to do so(practice religion)w/the fullest freedom. In purely Muslim areas, however, Islamic gov has full discretion to put such restrictions on their practices as it deems necessary."
Each school attempts documenting legal opinion by referring to Hadith or an incident experienced by the Prophet or the "rightly guided" Caliphs.
Mawdudi seems more tolerant toward Zimmis:
"In regard to a parliament or legislature of the modern type which is considerably different from the advisory council in its traditional sense,
"It’s possible to form separate representative assembly for all non-Muslim groups in the capacity of a central agency. Membership & voting rights of such assembly will be confined to non-Muslims & they would be given the fullest freedom within its frame-work."
Sheikh Manna` K. Al-Qubtan, professor Higher studies School of Islamic Law Riyadh:
“Basically, the command of non-Muslims over Muslims is not admissible bc God Almighty said: 'Allah won’t give access to infidels(i.e. Christians)
Thus authority of non-Muslim over Muslim is incompatible w/these 2 verses, since the Muslim has to submit to & obey whoever’s in charge over him. The Muslim, therefore becomes inferior to him & this shouldn’t be the case w/the Muslim.
“entails humiliation of Muslim & exaltation of the infidel(Christian). This infidel may exploit his position to humiliate & insult the Muslims who work under his admin. It’s advisable to the company owner to fear God Almighty & authorize only a Muslim over Muslims...
Thou wilt not find any ppl who believe in Allah &the Last Day loving those who resist Allah & His Apostle, even tho they were their fathers/sons/brothers..
Muslims should fear God in Muslim brothers &train them... for honesty & fear of God are orig in the Muslim contrary to infidel(Christian) who orig is dishonest& doesnt fear God.
forbidden & allowable
Muslim NOT allowed to:
emulate Zimmis in dress/behavior
attend Zimmi festivals/support them any way which may give any power over Muslims
Work for Zimmis in job promoting faith ex church construction
Make endowment to churches/temples
Carry vessel w/wine(production of)/transport pigs
Address w/title “my master/lord”
Financially assist Zimmis if 💰 isnt used violating Islamic law ie buying wine/pork
Give right of pre-emption(priority buying property)to Zimmi neighbor-Hanbilites disapprove
Eat food prepared by People of the Book
Console Zimmis in illness/lost loved one
Congratulate Zimmis for wedding/birth/return from long trip/recovery from illness