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Violence Against Women Act #VAWA
1994

“expanded juridical tools to combat #violence against #women #VAW & provide protection to women who had suffered violent abuses”

Title IV
Violent Crime Control & Law Enforcement Act

domestic
dating
assault
stalking
britannica.com/event/Violence…
“In recognition of the severity of the #crimes associated with domestic violence, sexual #assault & #stalking, Congress passed the Violence Against Women Act of 1994 (#VAWA 1994) as part of the Violent Crime Control & Law Enforcement Act of 1994 …”

#VAW
“… The 1994 bill was a watershed, marking the first comprehensive federal legislative package designed to end #violence against #women.” #VAW

Violence Against Women Act #VAWA
“afford full faith & credit to orders of protection”
legalmomentum.org/history-vawa

“… It was also a triumph for #women’s groups that lobbied hard to persuade Congress to legislate federal protections for women on the grounds that states were failing in their efforts to address this #violence.”

#VAW
#VAWA
“Drafting & passing the 1994 bill took four years bc of strenuous opposition to #VAWA’s… provision, a private civil rights remedy that allowed victims of gender-based violence to sue their attackers …oppo led by then Chief Justice William #Rehnquist.”

“…Rehnquist & several judicial orgs argued private civil rights remedy would bring large nos of family disputes into the federal courts & overwhelm the system w/matters that did not belong there.

@NAWJ only judicial org to support civil rights remedy.”

“Through dedicated redrafting and advocacy efforts, the bill passed in 1994 with the civil rights remedy intact and almost everything the Task Force had wanted included in the final version.”

#VAW
#VAWA
legalmomentum.org/history-vawa

“controlling precedent under Commerce Clause suggested Congress had the power to regulate activities which… had a substantial effect on commerce. Congress found that domestic & sexual violence qualified…given the vast costs born by taxpayers as a result”
“… At that time, estimates suggested that #domestic #violence alone cost between $5 and $10 billion a year in #healthcare, criminal justice, and other special costs.”

#VAW
#VAWA
when a case challenging the civil rights remedy reached SCOTUS in 2000, the remedy was struck down as unconstitutional in a 5-4 decision written by #Rehnquist, U.S. v. #Morrison… bc domestic violence crimes were not themselves “economic” in nature”

#VAWA
“…Congress could not claim power under Commerce Clause. The majority also rejected claim that Congress had power under the #14th Amendment on the ground that the civil rights remedy was aimed at harm inflicted by individuals rather than state actors.”
#VAWA funds are administered by the Office on Violence Against Women (#OVW), a component of the Department of Justice created specifically to implement VAWA 1994 and subsequent legislation.”

#VAW
legalmomentum.org/history-vawa

#NRA Trying to Block #Violence Against #Women Act’

NRA “will dock grades for politicians who vote to renew #VAWA. …up for reauthorization — augmented to give law enforcement power to confiscate guns from men who hurt or menace”
rollingstone.com/politics/polit…

“… NRA spokesperson told the National Journal this “red-flag” provision — intended to protect #women against #gun #violence from men who are exhibiting #violent or dangerous behaviors — is an unacceptable encroachment on individual gun ownership rights.”
“… added that the #NRA opposes #domestic #violence — but is focused on adding more #guns to such combustible dynamics, seeking to arm #women and train them in self defense.”

#VAWA
#VAW
#NRAWomen
#GOPWomen
“… #NRA’s call to vote down #VAWA could help some #Republicans justify their opposition …tho it could also wrongfoot some #GOP moderates who are now forced to choose between protecting their #female constituents and maintaining their A-rating”

#VAW
“Laws like the red-flag provision proposed for #VAWA save lives: In states adopting laws permitting confiscation of #firearms from domestic #abusers, intimate partner #homicides have dropped by 7 percent.”

#VAW
#GOPWomen
rollingstone.com/politics/polit…

“In particular, [#NRA] excoriated [#VAWA]'s so-called "#RedFlag" amendments, which would prevent persons #convicted of #stalking or #abusing their partners from procuring #firearms.”

#Guns
#VAW
#GOPWomen
#NRAWomen
#NRAVAW
gq.com/story/nra-viol…
“… #Women living in the United States are 16x more likely to be #killed by a #gun than women in similarly situated countries …Of all the women in America who were killed by #gunfire in 2011, almost two-thirds were killed by their partner.”

#VAWA
#VAW
“…It is legislative malpractice to look at overwhelming evidence that fires get exponentially worse whenever people pour gasoline on them, and then conclude that unleaded fuel is too important to modern society for lawmakers to regulate its use.”

#VAWA
“Domestic abuse in this country is a crisis, and elected officials have both the responsibility and the power to address it.”

#VAW
#VAWA
#GOPWomen
#GOPNRA
#GOPWarOnWomen
#Women
#WomenInPolitics
#WomenInPower
#WomenVoices
gq.com/story/nra-viol…

“Amid pressure to act on #GunControl, #GOP lawmakers have turned to their staunchest ally, the #NRA, for backup on an issue near and dear to their hearts: voting down the #Violence Against #Women Act.” #VAWA

splinternews.com/the-nra-now-op…

#Kamala Harris, Kirsten #Gillibrand slam #NRA for trying to block the #Violence Against #Women Act’

"Leaders who put NRA blood money over women's lives shouldn't be anywhere near our laws”

#VAWA
#VAW
#WarOnWomen
#WomenInPolitics
newsweek.com/democratic-pre…

“Since its introduction in 1994, the #VAWA has been periodically renewed with bipartisan support. However, the #GOP has decided to take up this issue now over what they believe is an extreme risk protection order, or "#RedFlag" provisions”

#Swamp
#GOPVAWA
complex.com/life/2019/03/t…
“altho domestic #abusers are prohibited from owning #guns, #loopholes in federal laws mean they often slip through the cracks.

“address loopholes by protecting victims of #stalking & preventing people convicted of violent misdemeanors from owning guns.”

“… convicted abusers often don’t have to give up their firearms, convicted stalkers aren’t banned from owning guns, and federal laws don’t apply to unmarried partners.”

Violence Against Women Act #VAWA
#NRA
#GOP
hellogiggles.com/news/nra-oppos…
#NRA: “The fact that Nancy Pelosi & her minions of anti-#gun zealots insist on adding a gun-control poison pill to an otherwise good bill is just another example of the shameful politics Americans hate & why they have such a negative view of politicians”
#NRA to oppose Violence Against Women Act: report’

#VAWA
#VAW
thehill.com/blogs/blog-bri…
“Zero #Republicans have signed on to support re-authorizing #VAWA since Democrats added a provision meant to protect victims of #stalking and #violent dating relationships from armed abusers.”

#NRA
#GOP
#Women
thetrace.org/rounds/daily-b…

4 March 2019

‘Trump’s Pick to Lead the Office of #Violence Against #Women Believes #Guns Can Reduce Domestic Violence’

“despite experts’ warnings introduction of guns into abusive relationships can imperil victims.”

#Goessling
thetrace.org/rounds/trump-s…

“… As head of #OVW, #Goessling would develop programs & services aimed at reducing domestic violence. She’d also direct grants to local, state, & tribal governments, & to courts, nonprofit organizations, & schools.”

#VAW
#VAWA
#NRA
Senate Confirmation
thetrace.org/rounds/trump-s…
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