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Though #Pakistan was created on religious line, #Jinnah was most liberal Muslim who never wanted #Pakistan a religious firm!
Till 1977 , Religion was just a personal choice in #Pakistan , General #Zia not only pushed religion but also took country decades backward !
Zia knew he had zero support from People hence he decided to take support from Mullahs and he ensured that hardcore Islam penetrate each institution in #Pakistan including #Army & #ISI !
#Soviet invaded #Afghanistan in 1979, #Zia used this opportunity to the fullest .
#US wanted to work on Proxy war, Zia got excellent platform to build these Proxies in Madrassa's of Pakistan.
Zia collected funds from Saudi and other Muslim countries , even China funded Pakistan to train Mujahideens. It was bcoz of #CIA Muslims from many countries including far Africa reached Pakistan and were pushed to Afghanistan as Mujahideens!
#CIA went to an extent where it invited many #ISI officers to US to train them on Proxy war ! #Pakistan went on sending SSP commandos to Afghanistan to train islamic guerrilla Mujahideens !
#CIA funded Gulbuddin Hekmatyar's
Hezb-e Islami muhajideens without limit ! After the Soviet exit from Afghanistan in 1989, #CIA and foreign fighters left Afghanistan but #ISI wanted a puppet govt in Afghanistan!

ISI believed Hekmatyar as the one !
#CIA though groomed #Hekmatyar but didn't wanted him to rule #Kabul but #ISI wanted it.
#Hekmatyar though was successful in dethroning Mohammad Najibullah and captured #Kabul , it didn't last long due to the destruction he made.
There born #Taliban , #ISI got it's new hero.
The returned #Mujahideens after Soviet exit were re pushed by #ISI as #Talibans ,then
Minister of Internal Security Major General Naseerullah Khan Babar even with objection from Benazir Bhutto ensured these #Mujahideens were trained by #ISI in Spin Boldak.
#ISI may not agree.
The Frontier Corps played major role in this Taliban training, finally in 1994 #Taliban took control of #Kandahar and #Herat , in 1996 they took complete control of #Kabul by Pushing #Burhanuddin Rabbani to Northern Afghanistan. #Pakistan established Puppet Govt in Kabul.
The trained #Mujahideens who returned after 1989 were in war mood they just wanted a new battlefield to fight then they found #Kashmir ! By 1992 Pakistan established 13 permanent and 18 temporary training camps and trained 2000+ #Mujahideens . By 1993, 15000+ kashmiris had guns.
This #Mujahideen nexus continued till #Musharaff became President. The 9/11 changed destination, the #CIA started to put pressure on #Musharaff to eliminate terrorists , he went against the groups which were his assets few years ago. This was a major twist in #Kashmir story.
If #Osama had not committed 9/11 by now #Kashmir would have been another #Afghanistan.
Though Establishment supported these extremists for decade #US never forced #Pakistan to stop them soon after 9/11 #US forced #Pak to stop supporting #Mujahideens in #Kashmir.
#Musharaff started to force #ISI and #Army which triggered many who didn't like #Musharaff's move to take back support for #Mujahideens.
The bomb blast in Rawalpindi on Dec 25 2003 was a solid evidence that #Establishment wanted to eliminate #Musharaff .
So what happened on 25 Dec 2003 ?
Everyone knows the double suicide attack happened few kms away from #Musharaff's army residence in #Rawalpindi near fuel station , he escaped but 16 dead and 50+ were injured. Though there were several attacks before this attack shook him.
On the day of attack #Musharaff attended a function in #Islamabad where an Intelligence officer from Islamabad police was deputed on a special duty his name was " Mohammed Nayeem ". As soon as #Musharaff left the function Nayeem noted the details of the convoy.
Nayeem passed vital details of #Musharaff convoy, the route map, number of pilot vehicle to Mohammed Jameel who was #JeM terrorist of #Balakot. Jameel & #KhalidAhmed of Panjshir Afg who was from #HUJI attacked the convoy. #Musharaff realized intelligence is acting against him.
The interesting fact here is #Jaleel was caught after 9/11 in Afghanistan by Northern alliance.
He was later released after a dialogue between Kabul and Islamabad along with 100s of other Pakistan #Mujahideens.
Suprising fact is #Jaleel when caught by Northern alliance in #Afghanistan introduced himself as Capt. Mohammed Jaleel and he is captain in #Pakistan Army. #Pakistan army though said he lied to Northern Alliance to escape their punishment but gets him released from them.
Was #Jaleel an #ISI agent ? His full name was Mohammed Jaleel Sudhan , yes #Sudhan family of Kashmir . He was from Poonch of #AJK , surprisingly then Chairman Joint Chiefs of Staff Committee, Muhammad Aziz Khan too belonged to #Sudhan family.
Gets Interesting !
Just few days before Dec 25, ie., Dec 14 ,2003 when #Musharraf was returning from #Sindh, as soon as his vehicle crossed the nullah lai
bridge in less than 50 sec a blast took place. It was a remote controlled bomb and luckily #Musharraf vehicle had signal jammer he escaped.
Who knew #Musharraf's movement with exact time of crossing bridge apart from his close circle ? The point I wanted to make is as soon as #Musharraf decided to stay away from #Alqaeda, #JeM ,#LeT, #Hizbul etc etc the Establishment decided to finish him !
The support to these extremists is mandatory for a civilian govt to survive in #Pakistan. The Soviet- Afghan war destroyed the Pakistani institutions as well.
Soon after 9/11 #US started Operation in #Afghanistan , then #JeM supreme commander Maulana Abdul Jabbar returned from Afghanistan and went to #Balakot camp and gave direction to start Suicide attack especially on whites ! The message was spread across different Terror groups.
It was on March 17, 2002 , Mohammed Sarfaraz from Attock , Punjab attacked church in Islamabad where he blasted himself killing 6 Christians .

It was in May 2002 in #Karachi, the suicide bomber with car full of bomb hits bus killing 11 french engineers opposite #Sheraton hotel.
June 12, 2002, suicide bomber with truck with fertilizer bomb attacked US consulate in #Karachi along with him he killed 12 Pakistanis.

August 5 2002, 4 terrorists attacked Murree Christian school with AK-47, where many foreign kids were studying but end killing 6 Pakistanis.
Again on August 9, 2002 in #Taxila , #Kamranbhat and 2 others from #Rawalpindi attacked Christian Hospital with grenade and killed 3.

There were many such Suicide attacks in #Pak after #US attacked #Afg.

#Mujahideens reached a state where they were not ready to hear anyone.
#JeM especially #Jabbar was furious on #Musharaff as soon as he stopped supporting #Mujahideens in #Kashmir. #ISI warned #MasoodAzar to stop #JeM from Suicide attacks but #Jabbar was not ready to listen #MasoodAzar words as well. #Jabbar was then officially sent out of #JeM.
#Jabbar who was kicked out of #JeM started new wing called
"Jamaat ul-Furqan " along with Maulana Umar Farooq & Abdullah Shah Mazhar. #MasoodAzhar remained Puppet of #ISI and renamed #JeM as Khuddam ul-Islam and when KuI was also banned he renamed it as Al-Rehmat Trust.
JuF had strong support from #Alqaeda , #LeT and #LeJ who believed in suicide attacks.
In November 2003, #Musharraf decided to go hard on Khuddam ul-Islam as well as  Jamaat-ul-Furqan. As I said earlier with in a month #Musharaff had to face 2 bomb attacks.
In September 2003 #Musharaff sensed that his close circle is against his decision of stopping the support to terrorists so he got few Army officers arrested.

So did the remaining officers motivated #JeM to kill #Musharaff ?
The arrested officers were interrogated on 2 grounds
a) To know about their relationship with #Alqaeda.
b) To know whether they were funded by #RAW.

You won't get much details on second point of investigation, many may say it is untrue.
As the interrogation was getting hard, an Army officer opened his mouth about a phone call made in Dec 2002 , from #Hyderabad in #Pakistan to #Mumbai in India.
The case was getting interesting day by day.
The interrogation then shifted to #Hyderbad to know about the call.
Though the investigation of Army officers on links with #Alqaeda was continuing on other side the call made to #Mumbai was important for #ISI. The investigation team arrested an officer in Hyderabad where he confessed that he shared confidential details to Unknown Mumbai.
Based on the input of that soldier, #Pakistan army arrested 2 more officers, as predicted by #ISI they had joined hands with #RAW.
Note : Though arrest of Army officers were to check Alqaeda link along side a biggest covert mission was tracked.
So was #Raw behind all these attacks? No ! #Musharaff realized it in few days of arrest.
The entire episode went Missing in history.
Till today it's suspense on what Info was passed, what happened to those #Raw agents, why suddenly #Musharaff became close to #India after this.
In March 2003, intelligence arrests Popular Alqaeda leader #KhalidSheik from house of JI leader #AhmedQudoos.
Next day Intelligence arrests Major #AdilQudoos ( who was later killed in 2014 by US drones in #Waziristan ).
" #Alqaeda was inside Pak Army ".
Establishment first got the taste of danger , in August 2003, 2 colonels, 2 Majors and a captain were arrested. Few big names were
Col.Khalid Abbasi, Lt.Col.Abdul Ghaffar ,Major Ataullah, captain Usman Zafar.
Every one were punished by military court.
Major #AdilQudoos was punished for 10 years , digging history of Major Adil, his father, Abdul Qudoos Khan, was an MBBS doctor who was affiliated with the Jamaat-e-Islami Pakistan & he knew #Binladen personally when he was living in Sudan.
Major Adil though was punished for 10 years , he was released after 5 years , soon after his release #Major Adil immigrated with his family to North Waziristan where he was leading #Alqaeda.
In 2014 , he was killed in US strike.
#Alqaeda called him " Martyr ".
Meanwhile on Feb 20, 2003 Pakistan Airforce Fokker F-27 which carried then Air Marshal Mushaf Ali Mir and 16 others which was travelling from #Chaklala air Base in #Rawalpindi to #Kohat airbase #KP mysterious crashed 17km east of #Kohat. Every one on board were dead.
Once Major Adil Qadoos was arrested the team started to question him on #Alqaeda, the suspicion also started on PAF F-21 crash bcoz Major #AdilQudoos belonged to the 45-Signals regiment which has its headquarters at the #Kohat Cantonment.
Did Pak Major killed own Air Marshal?
a) The Plane was not far from the Afghan border across which US forces were fighting with Al Qaeda & Taliban.
b) The Plane had passed all test before flight.
c) There was no distress call from the pilot.
d) There was no anxiety or fear in pilot's last message during descent.
The arrest of lieutenant colonel #AbdulKhalid is another interesting chapter before that it is important to know how Jihadi and their supporters infiltrated #Pakistan Army.
Back in Gen #Zia's days in 1980s, Gen #Zia openly participated in "Tablighi Jamaat" in #Raiwind.
Gen Zia might be the only state head to participate rally organized by Extremists. This passed message to lower cadre that they are also permitted to join hands with extremists. Gen Zia encouraged and started to promote those officers who didn't miss Namaz and reading Quran.
There began a competition in #Army and #ISI to prove themselves hardcore Islamists. The Army and #ISI officers identified themselves with extremist organization.
The students from Islami Jamiat-e-Talaba were selected to #Army and #ISI without selection process.
Coming back to 2003, lieutenant colonel #AbdulKhalid was from same Islamist attitude, he used to preach Quran daily to lower level staffs and filled them with Extremist thoughts and #Jihad.
After 9/11 #CIA started monitoring all #Alqaeda calls which were made to or from #Afg .
#CIA traced one such call made from #Alqaeda head quarter in #Afghanistan to #Kohat where Pak had Air base.
The call details were #AlQaeda requested #AbdulKhalidAbbasi to shelter it's leaders in his house which included one foreign terrorist.
Zia's hand picked #Abbasi was caught
In September 11 2003, #AlQaeda organized a grand celebration on 2 years of 9/11 attack.
Ayman al-Zawahiri ( current #AlQaeda chief ) who gave open statement on behalf of #Osama addressing #Pakistan.
The message was " Americans are occupying Afghanistan , #Musharaff is supporting US and is standing against Mujahideens of Afghanistan and #Kashmir, if you support #Musharaff in few days #Jews and #Hindus will stand in front of your door with guns" .
This message by #AlQaeda created a division in Army , a section of Army hired or promoted by #Zia felt whatever said by Al-Zawahiri was true ,#Musharaff should have supported #Mujahideens in #Kashmir.
The message of dissent in Army scared #Musharaff.
There was one interesting incident which took place in October 2003, an Army letter head was released without any signature in it. The summary of content was
a) We fought 2 wars against India in 1965 and 1971 but why #Kargil war created more damage than others why?
b) which ever political party you may be from , you must support sovereignty of Pakistan but #Musharaff joined hands with US.

c) India has appointed a commission on #Kargil war why #Pakistan is not ready to appoint a commission?

d) Major Javed Ul Hassan must be terminated.
e) Major #Javed Hassan was trained by #CIA but failed in Kargil. Instead of terminating him #Pakistan govt promoted him to higher role.

The letter was in official Army letter head but with no sign or seal.

Who wrote this letter ?
Then minister of information Sheikh Rasheed Ahmad came to media next day and announced it was #Raw behind the Letter head controversy !!!
The chapter of letter head ended there but who wrote still a mystery.
In mean time #US pushed #Musharaff for a peace treaty with #India .
Once #Musharaff decided for talk with #India, the dissent in Army increased there was two teams those who were liberal welcomed #Musharaff move and those who were of #Zia ideology became furious.
Same time a video was released by name "Crush India" !!
Within days of release #CrushIndia video reached entire #Kashmir (AJK) and Border towns of #AJK , especially the army controlled areas near LoC .
The videos made were highly provocative and urged Kashmiris to Join #Jihad .
#Balakot again became a terror hub - Jaish e Mohammad
" We have Army , India too got Army. We have Airforce, so does India, we have modern weapons , so does India.

We have something special which India will never have - #Jihad "

This was the message which was penetrated through #CrushIndia video in border towns of #Kashmir.
Along with this message there was a small book which was circulated to Lower level soldiers the book again tried to fill mind of soldiers on Jihad. It said " If a Muslim kills non Muslims (Kufr) Is not a crime, winning any war is in hands of Allah, #Jihadis will reach heaven".
#JeM passed such a content to Army officers and took their support in #Jihad !

There are many incidents which proved #Jihadis infiltrated inside #Pak Army.

In 2004 , #Pakistan military court gave death sentence to soldier " Abdul Islam Siddiqui" for Dec attack on musharaff.
The army report said "Abdul Islam Siddiqui " was trained by #JeM in #Bhimber of #AJK .
The Army also said there are many inside #Pakistan army and #ISI who are recruited by #Jaish.
"Abdul Islam Siddiqui " was hanged in Multan Jain on 20 August 2005 !
Interesting Part is there were 6 Airforce officers who were arrested along with Abdul Islam, all the 6 later said they were tortured by Senior Army officers to give statement against Abdul Islam who was innocent.
Did #Army falsely framed #AbdulIslam to protest big #JeM leaders?
To support my argument former soldier Hafiz Mohammad Ashfaq said Brigadier #Feroz, who was defending officer and Prosecutor Brigadier #Liaqat tortured them to sign against #Siddiqui and he also said the Siddiqui's defending officer was beaten 4 arguing 4 #Siddiqui. Mystery !
One more witness Havaldar Mohammad Younis who also signed against #Siddiqui said he was subjected to torture for 10 months in Rawalpindi cell to give fake statement against #Siddiqui.
Siddiqui was prosecuted by in-camera trial ( Military court uses these kind of Trial)
Mercy petition was filed by #Siddiqui which was rejected by #Musharaff.
According to Supreme Court verdicts " any person convicted by military courts have the right to file writs in high courts" how ever Army boycotted rules . Why ??
Why did Army framed him in fake case ??
Surprisingly then snr advocate Col (retd) Akram said Siddiqui's name never appeared in any proceedings of the lower courts. The then prosecutor said his details can not be provided, the same case was treated separately from the Air Force persons. Why ? It remained mystery.
Daniel Pearl murder an unforgettable & erased episode in #Pakistan history. #Alqaeda passed 2 message to world by brutally beheading #DanielPearl.

a) DanielPearl was both #Israeli and #American was settled in #India.

b) Wanted to raise voice 4 Guantanamo Bay camp prisoners.
#Alqaeda released video of #Daniel by kidnapping him from #karachi in Jan 2002 and beheaded brutally in feb 2002.
Though US pressured Pak after 9/11 but only after this murder #Pakistan started (had) to change its policy of supporting #Mujahideens in #Kashmir and #Afghanistan .
The murder of #Daniel was investigated by #FBI with help of #CIA . #FBI solved the case but lot of surprise were waiting for them at each step.
One such surprise was " British born" Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh who did the brutal murder was a secret agent of #MI6 ! Yes
Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheikh was student of London School of Economics when MI6 were hiring secret agents for the #Balkan mission. They selected #Omar for the role of Spy and then sent them to Balkan mission.
#MI6 failed to track is info as he was brainwashed & became double agent.
#Omar was slowly radicalized and he joined #AlQaeda. He wanted to practice his radical ideology in live.
Though Kashmir Jihadi war was started in 1989 the kidnapping started in 1991 when 7 #Israeli journalist were kidnapped in #Kashmir on Indian side.
#Omar got his Playground.
#Omar joined Harkat-ul-Mujahideen ( former #HUJI) to support #Kashmir Mujahideens. #Omar renamed himself as " Rohit Sharma" and moved to India.

In 1994 , Omar befriended 4 Briton visitors and kidnapped them.

He demanded Indian govt to release 10 Kashmiri terrorists 4 exchange.
The case got solved accidentally when #Indian Police were investigating a robbery case , they came across a house where one was kept captive. Though #Omar was with other 3 captives in different place. The arrested driver revealed location of #Omar and he was caught in #India.
#Omar was arrested by Indian Police and he was sentenced in Jail, the biggest turning point was he became close friend of #JeM head Masood Azar in Jail, he was released along with Azar in exchange of Passengers of Indian Airlines Flight 814 was hijacked in #Kandahar.
So was befriending Masood Azar so easy ? No never ! How he managed ?
There was a twist again for #FBI, when further digging his case , he joined Alqaeda in 90s and became close aid of #Osama , he was hired by #ISI in 1993 on recommendation of #Osama .
#Omar was #ISI agent !!
By 1993 he became expert in training #Taliban in #Afghanistan through #ISI. He became so close to #Osama and he was also called "special son" of Laden.
Western world hired many Muslims before verifying their background as Spies. These spies later became double agents.
Though Omar born in UK , his parents were from #Pakistan and moved to UK. Omar grew in Islamic environment, his parents relocated to Pakistan for 2 years , he spent 2 years of schooling in Pakistan. He returned to UK , he also said his school friends that he love Jihad !
Boy who loved Jihad at age of 14 later when joined LSE got contact of many Islamic terrorists and was influenced. He got wonderful chance to join Jihad when hired by #MI6 for spy role.
Though UK has different story that he went to Bosnia driving aid convoys and joined #Jihad !
The two reason 4 sharing #Omar's background

a) West appointed many as spies whose qualification were just Muslim ! ( One more example Ali Mohammed who was in CIA but helped Osama )

b) #ISI had appointed many from AlQaeda or JeM.

" Masood Azar was ISI agent too"
The third twist for the case was waiting for #FBI ie., #MasoodAzar was also involved in #Daniel murder and also confirmed that #MasoodAzar worked for #ISI.( Many were asking me why US joined hands with India in naming #MasoodAzar as terrorist , this is the reason)
Coming back to #DanielPearl episode, after 9/11 attack US attacked directly and indirectly on several Terrorist hubs both in Afg and Pakistan.
Daniel who was South Asia Bureau Chief of The Wall Street Journal in Mumbai came to #Pakistan to report these first hand information.
There were several Journalists from West who used to come Pakistan to report these #AlQaeda episodes. If any foreign journalists came they were assigned with police security to report from ground or they used to join team of local journalists who used to report same.
In #Daniel's case he refused both as he found bias in presence of Police or local journalist. He started to travel alone in #Karachi & #Lahore, but he independently visited #Khyber and #Balochistan which were hot bed of #AlQaeda which gave wrong signal for #ISI !
Even before coming to #Pakistan #Daniel wrote an article to expose the link between #ISI and Ummah Tameer-e-Nau (UTN).
UTN was right wing extremist organization founded by Nuclear scientist " Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood " who used to be close aid of #OsamaBinLaden .
This nuclear scientist Bashiruddin Mahmood case is interesting.
After completing his education in nuclear engineering from Manchester he joined PAEC and went on becoming Director for Nuclear Power in 1998.
He opposed Pakistan becoming the signatory state of NPT and CTBT in 1999.
In 1999 Sultan Bashiruddin Mahmood was also awarded with
Sitara-i-Imtiaz third highest civilian award.He took premature retirement in 1999 opposing stand on CTBT. He started Ummah Tameer-e-Nau (UTN) in 2000 and travelled several time to Afghanistan to meet #Osama.
#UTN and mehmoowas charged by US for Passing vital details of manufacturing and use of Nuclear weapons to Osama Bin Laden and AlQaeda.
#CIA also found documents from #UTN where they had plan to kidnap
U.S. diplomat and alsoba plan to mine Uranium inside #Afghanistan.
The members of UTN were big.
#HamidGul ex #ISI director.
#MirzaYousafBaig a senior nuclear chemist.
#HumayanNiaz ex Navy admiral.
#AbdulMajeed ex Nuclear senior Scientist of #PAEC.
Many #ISI #Navy #PAEC officers

So did #ISI tried 2 help #Osama to build nuclear weapon? Mystery
#Daniel wrote many articles showing the #ISI support to #UTN . There was a strong reason why #Mehmood made many members from PAEC which revealed when #Mehmood was interrogated by #CIA. Main twist is Sitara-e-Imtiaz awardee scientist could not answer simple Nuclear questions.
It still remains mystery how did Mehmood raised to such a higher position even after graduating from Manchester didn't knew basics of Nuclear reactor.
However much Mehmood is not necessary but #ISI openly endorsed this Osama friend was enough to continue Daniel episode.
#Daniel later went on investigating #Bahawalpur's #JeM HQ where he found vital bank transactions happened between #JeM and #ISI officers.
On Jan 23 2002, Daniel was kidnapped from Karachi by Ahmed Omar Saeed Sheik and released a video of Daniel with " a strange demand " !
a) To release #Taliban prisoners.

b) To supply F-16 Fighter jets to Pakistan !!

Point "B" was biggest surprise for CIA and US ! Why will #AlQaeda demand F-16 for #Pakistan Airforce ?

Along with #CIA even #ISI were in shock !

Pakistan finally made Omar Saeed to surrender!
#ISI used old tricks of putting pressure on him using his family finally he surrendered on "Feb, 5 2002 " remember it's Feb 5 , according to #ISI it is February 12.

The one week went off records , what happened? Why it was hidden ?
Investigation was made by both #US and #PAK together ! First Question by US was where he stayed after being released by #India after #Kandahar hijack .
#Omarsaeed said he lived in Lahore and #ISI appointed him as agent !
Though many disagree with me but " he said it " !!
#OmarSaeed also said he was trained on Grenade handling, weapon handling specially on handling rocket launcher by " Subedar Mohammed Salim " and " Subedar Abdul Hafeez " he also confessed his role in Srinagar , Indian Parliament and Kolkata attack .
He later confessed that #AlQaeda killed #Daniel and within few days video of beheading #Daniel went viral.
The video of Daniel beheading might have not recorded properly hence they have retaken video by placing his head , in video there is little or no blood after beheading.
Fearing that #Omar will tell everything in front of #US about the link between #ISI and #AlQaeda, call was made to Pak team to stop investigation.
US requested to hand over #Omar but Pak rejected the request.
Though 500-600 were handed over after 9/11 but kept #Omar safely .
Masood Azhar had connection with Sunni extremists from very young age, though his father was school teacher he had connection with
Sunni extremist organization. He was inspired Mujahideens and decided join Soviet Afghan. He returned back to Bahawalpur after an injury in war.
He worked as teacher and later he joined Harkat ul Ansar (HuA) as head of Harkat's department of motivation.
HUA was formed through merger of
Harkat ul Mujahideen(HUM) & Harkat ul Jihad al Islami (HUJI).#HUJI was formed in 1980 to fight Soviet but split in 1985 and formed #HUM
After 1989 when Soviet went back from Afghanistan , these HuM Mujahideens were waiting for a place to practice Jihad they found #Kahmir !!
In 1993 both #HUJI and #HUM decided to merge back to fight in #Kahmir and formed new group called HUA !
Masood Azar became close to #ISI !
Though HUM and HUJI became friends in Pakistan but in Kashmir they were not ready to join hands. To mediate the issue between #HUM and #HUJI instead of crossing border #Masood made a fake passport and Visa & entered Srinagar, #Kashmir in 1994 and was caught by #Indian forces.
Though India didn't knew much about Masood Azar their intention was to catch Sajjad Afghani who was commander of #HUM.
He was the one who after coming back from Afghanistan war in 1989 declared Jihad in Kashmir!
Along with #SajjadAfghani #MasoodAzar was also caught.
Once #MasoodAzar started revealing his story #Indian Police realized that they caught bigger fish than #Sajjad! Won't explain much on his punishment period will tell 3 escape attempt made.
a) #Omarshiek's kidnapping episode in 2004 ( which I have told above) was failed.
b) In 1995 , Al-Faran a part of #HUA kidnapped 5 foreign tourists and demanded release of #MasoodAzar in exchange of tourists.

1) kidnapped foreigners.

2) wife of a tourist who got kidnapped issuing pamphlet to local Kashmiris to help.

This case again a mystery!
The reason I say it a mystery because of 2 reason.

a) Though Al-Faran claimed they killed all the hostages but #India could not find body of any tourist.

b) According to #CIA Norwegian special force #FSK was in Kashmir and tried to release it's tourist who was kidnapped.
In 1999 another attempt was made to escape from Kot balwal Jail in #Kashmir, they dig 23-feet long tunnel Azar's complex body could not go in but everyone else tried and gets caught and during aftermath fights #Sajjad was killed. The 3rd escape attempt by Masood Azar fails.
The next successful attempt was through #KandaharHijack. Though world knows much about this but I will explain few points which is missed from history.

It was on December 24, 1999,
IC 814 from #Kathmandu to #Delhi was hijacked and they turned flight to #Kandahar.
What happened in #Kandahar is interesting.
As soon as the flight landed in #Kandahar it was surrounded by Taliban forces and they endured #MasoodAzar is released.

After Fall of Taliban , US recovered many files, one such was Conversation between #Kandahar ATC and Hijackers.
According to #FBI there were 2 #ISI officials sitting in ATC in #Kandahar who were acting as a mediator between #Taliban & #Hijackers.
#ISI finalized the demands of Hijackers and also ensured #India didn't get opportunity to negotiate with Hijackers.
#FBI record also says there were 2 more #ISI officers from #Quetta joined these officers. The Hijackers wanted to land flight in #Kabul but #Taliban didn't permit them to use Kabul , later conversation also proves there were satellite calls made to #Rawalpindi.
As soon as flight landed in #Kandahar , then foreign minister of #Taliban " Wakil Ahmed Muttawakil" became negotiator between #India and #Hijackers.
The initial deal was as soon as India handover team #MasoodAzar, Taliban govt will keep them till Indian flight goes back.
But in #Kandahar as soon as team #MasoodAzhar were released the Hijackers hugged them in front of everyone and they were offered Jeep by #Taliban and they were safely escorted till Balochistan border. #FBI investigated Muttawakil after #NA defeated #Taliban.
America had declared Harkat ul-Ansar (HuA) as terrorist organization in 1999, the group got split as Harkat ul Jihad al Islami (HuJI) and Harkat ul Mujahideen(HuM). On 31 Jan 2000, within days of escape #MasoodAzhar announced his new project

"Jaish e Mohammed " !
The " Harkat ul Mujahideen (HuM) " top leaders didn't welcome the competitor that too from their ex employee but the lower cadre of (HuM) joined in big numbers to #JeM they not only joined the organization but also took over 12 offices of #HuM and renamed it as #JeM !
Harkat ul Mujahideen(HuM) got furious over #Jaish e Mohammed and especially over #MasoodAzhar and said "he is brainwashed in India, he is now a #Raw agent #HuM must not support him ".

#MasoodAzhar had sympathy of getting arrested by India, Mujahideens joined in big numbers.
#HuM members joined everyday, soon #AzharMasood got Mujahideen bodyguards with AK-47, with in few days he became stronger!
#ISI started to support #JeM instead of #HuM due to 2 reasons

a) #MasoodAzhar looked stronger.
b) There was an American citizen inside #Kandahar flight.
Whenever an American citizen gets to trouble in Terrorist activity #US takes it Seriously.

#ISI knew like #HuA ,#US govt will soon ban #HuM for their role in hijack of flight. The emergence of #JeM gave #ISI an opportunity to take their hands off #HuM.
One more voice which supported their ex student #MasoodAzhar over #HuM was Mufti Nizamuddin Shamzai of Jamia Uloom ul Islamia of Binori Town, Karachi.
It was Al Rashid Trust who gave USD 3,60,000 to #JeM in Initial days but later Mujahideens collected in Millions of PKR.
Within few days #MasoodAzhar moved from small house to big bungalow in Bahawalpur. Initially #JeM focussed only on #Kashmir through funding Jihadis and their family. He soon he started to travel in costly Land Rovers.
Within no time #MasoodAzhar became rich in d name of #Jihad.
Initially #MasoodAzhar was fuming about #India occupation in #Kashmir and used to sponsor Jihadi attack in #Kashmir. #Establishment especially #ISI was happy with him as he never went against #ISI any day.

In October 2001 #JeM changed strategy.
On Oct 1st 2001, #MasoodAzhar gave approval for bomb blast infront of #Srinagar assembly. Soon realizing #US may ban #JeM he had decided a new name for #JeM as Tehreek ul Furqan on Oct 10 2001.

Surprisingly US didn't impose ban. #MasoodAzhar next decided attack #Delhi !!
#ISI strictly said no to attack beyond #Kashmir , #MasoodAzhar decide and attacked Parliament of India in Delhi on December 13, 2001 !
Though UN sanctioned #JeM as terror group in Oct , US started pressuring Musharraf only in December by then #JeM had transferred all assets.
There is a reason why #US wanted to stop #MasoodAzhar , going back the difference between #HuM and #MasoodAzhar increased gradually, #Osama tried to mediate between #JeM and #HuM but it didn't go well bcoz by then Mujahideens were against #HuM.
Osama decided to support JeM.
Though #CIA found #Osama getting closer to #MasoodAzhar long back they never touched him ( even UN banned #JeM in Oct 2001 ) but only after 9/11 #US decided to ban #JeM(December 2001) and try to catch all Osama associated groups.
#US started to pressurize #Musharaff to ban #JeM and Tehrik ul Furqan but by then #MasoorAzad had already transferred his assets to unpopular Mujahideens. #Musharaff could not withstand pressure of #US and banned #JeM in early January 2002 but didn't seize his much assets.
Connecting back to story of #Jabbar who increased suicide attack on foreigners but #MasoodAzhar remained dearer to #ISI.
#MasoodAzhar was becoming unbelievably rich , this hurted a section in #JeM who were poor Mujahideens who fought #Soviet war and never saw money.
The top names to split from #JeM were Sindh province leader Abdullah Shah Mazhar, within few days of his exit Maulana Umar Farooq left #JeM along with 12 commandos.
Soon down fall of #MasoodAzhar started as most of Mujahideens were against his policy of supporting #ISI.
#JeM got split into Khuddam ul Islam (KuI) led by #MasoodAzhar and Jamaat ul Furqan (JuF) led by team #Jabbar.
#ISI had no problem with #KuI who always agreed to what #ISI said but #JuF had hardcore Mujahideens and Taliban supporters who wanted to wipe off #US !
The JuF supporters were scattered across Pakistan it became impossible for #ISI to identify them, the Musharaff feared of more attacks as the fall of Taliban regime in Afghanistan and arresting of AlQaeda leaders in Pakistan had triggered Mujahideens of #JuF.
There were several attacks on foreigners as I said in above tweets , one incident to recall was on 22 Jun 2003 when both #KuI and #JuF fought each other in Karachi's Masjid Batha .There were fighting and went on shooting each other , police had to intervene and control.
Similar fight between these two groups were happened in Binoria and Korangi as well for the issue of wealth which they created in the name of #Kashmir.
#MasoodAzhar planned and got many #JuF Mujahideens caught to help #ISI.
But attack on Musharaff changed everything.
#Jameel who attacked #Musharaff was from #KuI and was trained in #Balakot camp, both #KuI and #JuF were banned.

" Jaish killed Kashmiris, killed #DanielPearl and attacked #Musharaff " said Rtd DG ISI
Lt General Javed Ashraf Qazi.

#MasoodAzhar calmed , #Hafizsaeed tookover !
His name is Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, even since childhood he was Influenced by Ahl e Hadith which always propagated #Wahhabism & #Jihad as only solution not Democracy.

After graduating in Islamic studies he was personally picked by Gen #Zia to the Council on Islamic Ideology.
#HafizSaeed went to #SaudiArabia for his higher studies in early 1980, where he was Influenced by extremist speeches by the Salafist leaders who were motivating youths to join #Jihad in #Afghanistan to fight Soviet forces .
Soon after graduating from #SaudiArabia, #HafizSaeed started Jamaat ud Dawa (#JuD) in 1985, the main aim was to preach "Ahl i Hadith" version of Islam and to motivate people to Join #Jihad .
Before knowing much about #LeT , it is important to know about " Abdullah Yusuf Azzam"
Abdullah Yusuf Azzam is an important character in history of #Jihad !
Born in Palestine he was attracted towards Muslim Brotherhood leaders since childhood , he later went to #Syria to do bachelors in #Sharia & in 1967 due to #Israel attack on WestBank he moved to #Jordan.
In #Jordan during that time Yasser Arafat's Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was working for Palestine cause in Marxist approach which was supported by then Soviet Govt. #Azzam didn't like #PLO instead he decided to preach #Jihad and declared Jihad as only solution.
The same people who learnt under him later went on founding #Hamas movement !
#Azzam then went to Egypt to continue his master's in #Sharia at Al-Azhar University and later for some time he was professor in University of Jordan, again he went back to #Egypt and did PhD in Islam.
After PhD #Azzam returned to Jordan to teach #Sharia and build Jihadis but he didn't get support from Jordan govt and he decided to move to #Saudi which was home for Exiled Brotherhood members from Syria and Jordan !
#Azzam became lecturer King Abdul Aziz University in Jeddah.
#Osama was student in same University during that period. #Osama was impressed with ideology of #Azzam , on 20 November 1979, few extremists Seized Grand Mosque at Mecca & announced revolt against the Saudi Regime. Soon #Saudi expelled #Azzam.

#Azzam found his new home #Pakistan
The #Afghan #Soviet war and Gen #Zia had already created an image for #Azzam which motivated #Azzam to relocate to #Pakistan. #Azzam began to teach at International Islamic University, #Islamabad but within few days he moved to #Peshawar and started Maktab al Khadamat !
Maktab al Khadamat was started with an intention to provide shelter for the Mujahideens who come from different parts of the world to #Pakistan to learn #Jihad and fight against Soviet in #Afghanistan, after graduating #Osama travelled directly to fight Soviets.
#Osama joined hands with #Azzam and started to sponsor flight tickets for the foreign Mujahideens to travel to Pakistan.
Soon #Osama started Bait ul Ansar(BuA) in 1984 where he funded #Azzam to support Afghan Arab Jihadis.
On other side #Hafizsaeed starts Jamaat-ud-Dawa (#JuD) !
#Azzam by then had became famous as " Father of Global Jihad", #Azzam comes in contact with #Hafizsaeed both #Hafiz and #Azzam along with few others decides to start a new Jihadi entity called " Markaz ud Dawa wal Irshad " (MDI) with an aim to motivate youngsters to join #Jihad !
#Osama started to fund the movement, #Hafiz gets in contact with #Osama through #Azzam !
#Osama asks #MDI to build big campus in #Muridke before it was completed. On 24 November 1989, #Azzam and his both sons die in a car bomb blast.
Who killed the "Father of Global Jihad " ?????
#Azzam and Ahmed Khadr had an issue in 1988, when #Khadr asked #Azzam on the accounts of the #Jihadi funds, #Khadr suspected that #Azzam used all those funds for personal benefit, #Azzam declared #Khadr as #CIA agent, #Sharia court in #Osama's compound declares #Khadr innocent.
The Incident created a cold war between #Osama and his teacher #Azzam. #Azzam also tried to stop #Osama from operating #Jihad in the way he wanted. These things slowly separated both of them.
"Did #OsamaBinLaden killed his teacher " ???
After the #Soviet #Afghan War #Azzam wanted to shift the #Mujahideen movement to #Palestine to fight against #Israel.
Did #Mossad and #CIA together planned and killed #Azzam ?
Did #Iranian spies who hated Wahhabism to core did this act ?

Death of #Azzam remains mystery !
Just after the death of #Azzam , the Soviet troops completely withdrew from #Afghanistan , the same period #Hafizsaeed decided to start #LeT (Lashkar e Taiba) as a militant wing of #MDI.
Though #HafizSeed had very less role in #Afghan war but he managed impressed #Osama & #ISI .
Between 1990 to 2000 ,#Hafizsaeed moved all the Jihadi camps from #KP to #Kashmir.
He also built 200 acre empire in #Muridke, he slowly expanded his territory, he owned secondary schools , mobile hospitals, ambulance, Madrassas , bloodbank what not ! He built a big empire !!
In Dec 2000, Lashkar claims attack on Redfort in Delhi, India. In Dec 2001 , #JeM takes help of #Lashkar to attack on Parliament of India in Delhi, along with #JeM , #LeT also got banned by US.

Then starts the strategic game by #Hafizsaeed which #CIA could not guessed !
After #Musharaff banned #LeT in Jan 2002 , #Hafizsaeed silently made Maulana Abdul Wahid as chief of #LeT and he decided to remain as Chief of #JuD ( Parent group of #LeT ).
The strategy was simple Maulana Abdul Wahid was from #Kashmir , and he is a "Kashmiri" !
Soon #Lashkar announced that it is moving its operation and HQ to Indian side of Kashmir , and thereby passed a strong message that it is for #Kashmir !
#LeT started to hire local Kashmiris unlike #JeM which hired more from Punjab.
#ISI started to feel #LeT as strategic asset
The main reason #ISI felt #LeT as asset is bcoz

a) It had mix of people from both from Punjab & Indian side of Kashmir who will hear them.

b) #LeT unlike others used to be secret organization where details of members were maintained confidential.

c) Members were Multilingual.
d) Unlike other organizations #LeT taught it's members both Islamic and Western education .

e) LeT gave training to members on using weapons.

f) Unlike other organizations #LeT didn't depended much on #ISI for money instead collected from People.
#LeT unlike the other organizations were more loyal and was the best organization for "Controlled Jihad " who could hear whatever #ISI said.

#JuD though worked as funding partner never got directly involved with #LeT ( this helped them many times to escape from getting Banned)
#JuD even escaped ban from #Musharaff, after the attack on him he started to ban all the extremists but #JuD escaped from it.

Most surprising thing was when Jihadis across Pakistan were in anger against #Musharaff after " Islamabad Declaration " in 2004, #LeT remained silent.
Two reasons why #Hafizsaeed remained silent bcoz

a) To avoid possible ban on #JuD, he knew if he goes against #Musharaff he would ban him.

b) Islamabad declaration had little or no effect on #LeT as by then #LeT used to had stocks of ammunition for 6-7 months of #Jihad.
Going back when #Hafizsaeed renamed #MDI as #JuD he became head of it and #LeT was headed by #Lakhvi, #Lakhvi who was the one who moved #Lashkar to #Shawai in #AzadKashmir from #Punjab.

#Hafizsaeed through #JuD concentrated on collecting funds.everything went well few years.
The dissent voices in #LeT started to grow big especially the leader #Lakhvi himself became rebel.
#Lakhvi and other leaders turned against #Hafizsaeed bcoz they felt the main reason #Hafiz renamed #MDI as #JuD was to eat money which was collected in name of #Kashmiris.
The dissent increased when #HafizSaeed announced that he will
marry a 28-year-old widow, whose husband who was a #Mujahideen and was killed in Kashmir.

The same time US started pressuring #Musharaff to ban #JuD as #CIA had caught #LeT sleeper cells in #US !
#CIA also found that Indonesian terrorist organization Jemaah Islamiyah leaders got training by #LeT in #Karachi including it's popular leader Riduan Isamuddin.

#CIA had also found #JuD's role in promoting #Jihad on #US army in #Iraq.

#US wanted to stop #HafizSaeed !
Controlling #Hafizsaeed was impossible with Mujahideen and economical strength he had built in decades !
There steps in #ISI , #ISI fuels the rift between #Lakhvi and #Hafizsaeed , soon #Lakhvi decides to move away and forms new organization "Khirun Naas" !
There are many versions of
"Khirun Naas" !
Few say it's just renamed version of #LeT but there is a lot to know about the split.
Going back to late 1980s when #MDI was formed #Azzam and #Osama had request Gen #Zia to give land. Gen #Zia gave land in #Muridke for free of cost.
The huge construction in #Murdike was sponsored by Arab leader Abdul Rehman Sherahi who was a close to #Lakhvi, after #LeT split , #Lakhvi started to fight for the assets.
Both #KN and #JuD did activities in the name of #LeT as both claimed #LeT is theirs !

"LeT grew stronger"
I have explained in my previous tweet on groups #HuM , #HuA and their relationship with #MasoodAzhar and their role in getting him escaped from India.

However there are few more things to know else the thread will be incomplete.
Again going back to soviet war , Harkat ul- Jihad al Islami (HuJI) was founded with an intention of helping the Afghan civilians who were victim of war but slowly it took turn to train Mujahideens to kill Soviet forces, Maulana Irshad Ahmad became the chief of the group.
Maulana Irshad Ahmed was from Punjab and within few years of the start he died in #Kunar province in 1985 fighting Soviet forces.
Qari Saifullah Akhter and Fazal ur Rehman Khalil were from KP but Akhter took over the leader role of the organization.

Within years #HuJI divided
Will share #Akhter growth and his relationship with Establishment later part.
Now the separated Rehman Khalil founded #HuM and became too close with #Osama, #HuM not only trained Mujahideens from Pak and Afg but also trained those who came from Egypt, jordan, India, Bangla etc.
Within days #HuM started it's own center near #Miranshah border and started training these Mujahideens, #CIA found these Mujahideens from #HuM were stronger so #CIA provided #HuM with Stinger missiles and trained them in using it to bring down Soviet planes and helicopters.
After the fall of Najibullah Government in Afghanistan by mid 1992, #CIA ordered #HuM to return all the unused stinger missiles but #HuM denied , #CIA asked Lt.Gen Javed Nasir (#WhiteBeard) who was then DG of #ISI to help in recovering the stinger missiles but he denied to help.
As the #Kabul was taken over by #Mujahideens , those foreign fighters who came and got training in #HuM camps went back to their country and started #HuM wing there, within year #HuM announced it's presence in, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Bosnia,Tajikistan, Myanmar & Philippines.
The local Mujahideens were still in war mood and mode as I said earlier after the Soviet Afghan war the Mujahideens play ground was #Kashmir.
The #HuM merged back with #HuJI and started to expand in #Kashmir but they stepped wrong by targeting Foreign tourists.
I have already explained on few incidents of #HuA earlier will not repeat same here but will highlight few major incidents.

One of the shocking incident happened on Sep 8 1995 , Customs officers stopped a car with load of heavy arms & ammunition near #Kohat.
It was Qari Saifullah Akhtar who was caught red handed with all those weapons, he tried to escape by saying those weapons were being moved to Azad Kashmir inorder to support #Jihad in #Kashmir, upon further questions he told name of " Brig. Mustansar Billa ".
Will tell it in detail as It is important to know on how few Jihadi organization along with few extremist Army officers joined hands together and decided to kill elected Prime minister Benazir Bhutto and other senior military officers to establish Islamic state in Pakistan.
It was in March 2005 when Qari Saifullah Akhter used to live in #Islamabad , once a #HuM Jihadi #Bilal met #Akhter and said his cousin Mustansar Billah who is brigadier in Army and is currently deputed in #Quetta wants to meet #Akhter on an important mission !
Within a week #Akhter travelled to #Quetta and met Brig Mustansar Billah , #Mustansar was a product of Zia and was deeply penetrated with extremist ideas, as soon as both met #Mustansar explained about his idea of making #Pakistan an Islamic state by bringing military rule.
In July 1995, #Akhter met Brig #Mustansar in Rawalpindi that too in #GHQ !
Brig Mustansar said that he is planning to implement Islamic state by imposing martial law, Akhter wanted to know if he had power to impose martial law , Brig said he got Support of "Major General".
Brig #Mustansar repeatedly said that he wanted to do it at earliest as he was approaching retirement soon and wanted support of all Religious leaders to make Pakistan an Islamic state and to overthrow the govt and impose martial law.
#Akhter decide to support him and said yes.
The main task assigned to #Akhter was to get commando uniforms , army boots and weapons.
#Mustansar gave PKR 700,000 , #Akhter got 15 pair of uniform and shoes from Rawalpindi and travelled to Darra Adam Khel and bought 15 AK-47s, 2 rocket launchers and 5 pistols.
#Akhter requested them to deliver it till Rawalpindi but they denied. Later the Langra promised to deliver them till #Kohat city.
#Mustansar agreed that he will collect those from Kohat but fortunately the custom officers caught the van and foiled the attempt.
#Akhter was investigated by #Army in army barracks in the Cantonment area.
#Akhter revealed name of #Mustansar and entire episode came out, along with #Mustansar , Major General Zahir ul Islam Abbasi,Colonel Raja Liaquat & Colonel Inayat were arrested.
Interesting thing is Maj Gen #Abbasi previously served as Military Attache in the Pakistani High Commission in #India. He was expelled by then Government of India in 1989 for indulging in espionage.

Whom was he sharing info with ?
Another interesting fact found during investigation was these arrested Army officers were hardcore followers of the "Tabligi Jamaat" based in Raiwind , which I already said was encouraged by Gen Zia .
Army stopped biggest Coup attempt led by Mujahideens but left #Akhter free !
There are many versions why #Akhter escaped from the case.
Few say he was asked to become approver in the case and he confessed and hence was released.
Few say he didn't turn approver because he knew Army had no evidence to fit him in the case except Weapon smuggling.
By then #Akhter was close to #Osama and soon after his release from the case he straight away moved to #Kabul in 1996 and joined hands with #MullahOmar .
He was appointed as special advisor for #MullahOmar, he got special treatment from Taliban govt.
Taliban gave #Akhter VIP treatment, there were 3 taliban ministers and 22 + judges who belonged to the Harkat.
Akhter supported Mullah Omar in difficult stage of war, Mullah Omar started to trust #Akhter as by then Harkat had lost 400+ fighters to defend Taliban Govt.
#MullahOmar gave permission to Harkat to build six additional camps in #Kandahar, #Kabul & #Khost where they trained Taliban army and police forces.
These camps became launch pad for harkat to launch its campaign in Uzbekistan, Tajikistan & Chechnya.
Again going back to mid 1980s when #Azzam became famous in Pakistan, he motivated several foreign Mujahideens to travel into Pakistan, most of them were Arabs from Saudi, Egypt, Sudan, Indonesia, Somalia, Yemen , China etc reached Pakistan, the number of Arabs was around 25000+
These Mujahideens went back to their home country after the Soviet war but few rejoined in Afghanistan after Osama sought shelter in Afghanistan in 1996.

Osama used that as an opportunity and formed a small force to help Taliban and named it as
"Brigade 055"
This " Brigade 055 " was made of all the foreign fighters who wanted to support Taliban Govt.
#Osama always felt that Muslims of #Afghanistan , #Pakistan and #India were nowhere comparable with those from Arab, even "Brigade 055 " was majorly filled by Arabs.
This " 055 Brigade " also included many terrorists groups who were fighting in #Kashmir and majorly #Uzbekistan.
This Brigade was nothing but AlQaeda fighting for Taliban. #Osama wanted to take control of entire central Asia.
The "055 Brigade" soon became " backbone " for Taliban
This 055 Brigade started its training in #Rishikor outside Kabul where Afghan army had it's base.
These Alqaeda fighters unlike Talibans were paid heavily and were highly motivated , most importantly there was no possibility of defection so Osama had full confidence on them.
They were highly trained with satellite communication and use of night vision goggles.
Within no time 055 brigade made it's presence in Jalalabad, Khost, Kandahar and Mazar-i Sharif.
In 1998 it was 055 brigade which won Mazar-i Sharif, in 1999 they attacked #Bamiyan .
These terrorists also attacked #Hazarajat and killed 100s of #Hazaras.

In February 1998, Abdul Aziz Kamilov, the Foreign Minister of Uzbekistan accused HUA for creating violence in #Uzbekistan he said terrorists are being trained in Karachi, Mardan and Peshawar.
#HuJI and #HuM were close to Osama , in Feb 1998 when Osama declared Fatwa against Jews and Americans the same Maulana Fazlur Rehman Khalil was the signatory , he also went on saying "we will kill Americans wherever we find them" .
After 9/11 , US airstrikes pushed these groups back to Pakistan, soon after the 9/11 Musharaff was forced to ban #HuM.
One interesting case has to be discussed in same period during ban on #HuM
It was in June 2002 after the suicide attack on US Consulate General in Karachi.
In June Karachi rangers arrested 5 terrorists in connection with the suicide attack and in July 3 more from same Al- Qanoon group were arrested for the same case the terrorists confessed a shocking incident that they had planned a suicide attack on #Musharaff in April but failed.
The arrested terrorists were from Harkat ul Mujahideen Al alami (HuMA) group, the rangers had arrested it's top leaders #Imran and #Haneef.
They also confessed they used vehicle with load of explosive to kill Musharaff but was failed, they used same vehicle in Karachi blast.
Though Police named #HuMA behind the attack both #CIA and a section of #ISI knew there is something wrong.
In May 2004, Karachi Police arrested top leader of HuMA #KamranAtif after a shootout.
The Mastermind behind both Musharaff attack and Karachi consulate attack was caught.
#KamranAtif revealed the truth that #HuMA and #HUM are same which was funded by #AlQaeda.
#HUMA's main intention was to kill #Musharaff as they felt he was Americans puppet.
Later in 2006 he was sentenced to death by ATC.
Will skip few incidents on #Kashmir and #MasoodAzhar.
The episode of #HuM will be incomplete without two curious cases.

Case One :

After Taliban govt fell down, US backed govt took over Afghanistan and started clearance operation, one day they caught 17 year old boy by name Mohammed Suhail.
The #US coalition first found
Jamiat ul Ansar ( After #HuM was declared terrorist organization in 2001 it was renamed as #JuA) card with him.
Theystarted to investigation, #Suhail started to reveal the secrets and accepted that he was trained in #Pakistan.
#Suhail said he along with few were sent from #Karachi's mosque to #Mansehra camp where they were trained on using guns and bombs.
Suhail said after three months of training one day Fazlur Rehman Khalil came to camp and ordered them to fight against foreign forces in Afghanistan.
Then they were sent to Afghanistan via #Balochistan , they first reached #Kandahar where they collected Guns and bombs and then they reached #Panjwai .
#CIA became angry on #Pakistan and requested to handover #Khalil for further investigation.
To protest #Khalil from #FBI , #Pakistan arrested him in August 2004 and as soon as the issue cooled he was released in Dec 2004, again to calm #CIA #Kahlil was asked to resign and he resigned as #JuA head quoting health reason and appointed his associate Muneer as #JuA head.
Case 2:

It was in #Lodi, #California an American with Pakistani descent was arrested as terror charges , his name was #HamidHayat a boy in his early 20s as intelligence had strong information that he was sleeper cell and wanted to commit a blast in California.
Let me explain you the case as it happened "that day".
#HamidHayat was son of #UmerHayat was a cherry picker in #Lodi.
Intelligence said that he went to #Pakistan and he was trained on Jihad by #Khalil.
#Hamid was awarded jail for 24 years for joining hands with #AlQaeda.
As soon as #US heard name of #Khalil role in sending sleeper cells to US , they again asked #Pak to handover #Khalil to #FBI but again #Pak arrested him for 2 months and released him in August after issue calmed.
#Khalil was kept secured from hands of #US.
The #PTI govt sought support from same #AlQaeda leader #Khalil during Elections.

Even today he spreads hate and roams freely not even feeling guilty for the massacre he committed.
It was in 1983 when Maulana #Saduddin Amir of Jamaat Islami in Kashmir met Gen #Zia and explained his vision of starting #Jihad in #Kashmir valley.

#Zia who was Influenced by Jamaat ideology gets interested by the proposal and agrees to support the movement.
#Saduddin also met another Jammat leader Amir Mia Tufail Muhammed and discusses on the idea of introducing #Jihad in Kashmir in full pace.
In 1984 the training centers were started in AJK to provide Jihad training for Kashmiris of both sides. They were also sent to Afghanistan.
#SyedAliShahGeelani was assigned task of sending the selected #Kashmiris for Jihad training.
By 1987 , 1000s of Jihadis were Produced in #AzadKashmir and #Afghanistan.
The same time many groups like #ZiaTigers , #AlHamza etc supported the #Jihad in #Kashmir.
By mid 1988 these trained #Jihadis started attack on #Indian forces in #Kashmir.

There were n separate groups which were conducting these attack and the Mujahids who went for Soviet war were waiting for new battle ground and joined the battle.

#JI realized it is going aimless.
In September 1989 , Jamaat-e-Islami organized a meet and decided to unite all the small #Jihadi group and to fight under a single name and have same goal.

By same time a school teacher from #Baramulla, Indian #Kashmir , had crossed border and was ready for big scale Jihad.
By November 1989 unofficially #HizbulMujahideen was started but officially accepted the Constitution in June 1990.

The returned Jamaat teacher was Muhammad Ahsan Dar , he becomes the founder and head of #HizbulMujahideen.
To support #AhsanDar , Jamaat appoints Mohammed Abdullah Bangroo as his military advisor in conducting the attacks.

Within a year of founding #HizbulMujahideen gets 10000+ trained Mujahids who were ready to attack #Indian forces in #Kashmir.
Before understanding entire #Kashmir Jihad one must know about 3 kind of People on both side of Kashmir.

a) Who wants to Integrate #Kashmir with #Pakistan.

b) Who want #Kashmir as an independent country.

c) To stay whereever they are.

Both a) and b) are involved in Jihad.
By mid 1980, #JKLF was stronger voice in #Kashmir. Though #ISI supported it in both #AzadKashmir and #Srinagar initially but later decided to stop them at any cost as #JKLF stood for #Kashmir as an independent country which started irritating #ISI.

They decided to stop #JKLF .
Meanwhile in early 1990s due to crackdown by Indian Govt most of the JKLF leaders were arrested including #Yasin.

Meantime #Jamaat made a deal and merged Tahreek e Jihad e Islami (TJI) with Hizbul strengthened the #Jihad in Kashmir .
The merger also helped in increasing the member strength by 10000.

Within a year #Hizbul outnumbered #JKLF and grew as strongest voice in kashmir.

In Nov 1991 , Hizbul decides to remove the founder chief Master Muhammad Ahsan Dar from Hizbul and appoints #SayeedSalahudeen !
Why the founder was sidelined within an year of founding ?
Simple, the main reason of #Hizbul was to silence the voice of #JKLF which wanted Kashmir as an independent country.
#Hizbul before starting Jihad against Indian forces decided to kill all independent voices.
#Dar was against the idea of Killing #JKLF members , he also was against the Shura kind of council which Jamaat preferred.
As soon as #Syedsalahudeen took over leadership he left #Hizbul and started new organization in 1992 called it as #MuslimMujahideen.
But he was arrested soon
#Hizbul became more notorious under the leadership of #SyedSalahudeen. By late 1992 popular leader of #Sudan's National Islamic Front and close aid of Osama who invited Osama to Sudan , " Hassan Al-Turabi " funded Hizbul both through financial and by providing arms.
In next 2 years unlike other earlier Jihadi organizations, #Hizbul penetrated deep into rural Kashmir.
By 1994 pro independent group #JKLF slowly moved away from militancy and decided to go through state Politics.
Many ground level militants decided to move towards #Hizbul.
Slowly there started difference between #SyedSalahudin and #Jamaat leadership.
By 1997 it reached peak where #Syedsalahudin openly said that #Hizbul is not part of any group and its main intention is to liberate #Kashmir and it has support of all Kashmiris.
#ISI became angry .
The stage was set to dethrone #Salahudin and to put someone in his chair , first name #ISI thought was Masood Sarfraz .
The problem with him was corrupt he was using funds for Mujahideens for his personal benefits, ISI thought bringing him to chief role will be dangerous.
Soon instead of #Salahudeen , #Sarfraz was removed from his role and was replaced by local Jamaat leader in Azad Kashmir.
This created rift inside #Hizbul both factions started fighting openly.
In 1998 the rivalry increased and 21 most of them were civilians lost life in #AJk.
The Hizbul officially split into two in 1998 when Al Badr (Jammu and Kashmir) formed and Lukmaan became chief but during Bahkt Zameen Khan period Al Badr became dangerous group.
The main reason why #ISI decided to promote Al Badr was to stop #Salahudin's run.
On one end APHC chief #SyedAliShahGeelani objected peace talk with India but in the year 2000 #SyedSalahudin sent his commander #GulamRasoodDar for peace talk with Govt of India.
The peace talk ended negatively as Rasood was not ready to stop Jihad .
The platform was set for another split in #Hizbul.

The Kashmir story will be incomplete without "Abdul Majeed Dar" a commander of Hizbul.

Abdul Majeed Dar episode reflects how the Jihadi network works in Kashmir and how one cannot step out after entering.
The commander Abdul Majeed Dar was with #Geelani during 1980s and went to Jail with him several times, the rigged elections of 1987 motivated him to join extremism.
He formed a group called Tahreek e Jihad e Islami (TJI) and became popular voice he merged it with Hizbul in 1991.
The #TJI merger with Hizbul strengthened Hizbul as along with Dar he got 1000s of hardcore Mujahideens to fight against Indian security forces.
The things changed slowly after Chittisinghpura massacre incident where 35 Sikhs were killed in Kashmir by #LeT.
The incident changed #AbdulMajeedDar, he felt killing own ppl will never bring end to the problem he started to preach his followers that Peace is the only solution to problem.
He slowly started to interact with the RAW and started to talk peace.
The News reached #Salahudeen.
In 2000 #Hizbul commander Rasool dar who crossed LoC to represent the peace talk between Jihadis and Indian forces rejected the negotiation.
Within few month in July 2000 , #AbdulMajeedDar openly announced that he is willing for ceasefire based on few conditions.
The main conditions from #AbdulMajeedDar were,

a) The Indian forces must not kill the Mujahideens henceforth.

b) The Indian forces must follow all the humanitarian laws in Kashmir.

c) The Kashmirs should be allowed to express their ideologies (any) in Political way.
Within hours of this announcement by #AbdulMajeedDar, #Salahudeen also announced same thing in #Islamabad, entire Kashmir Jihad were stunned after the incident.

The other Jihadi groups in Kashmir came together and said they are not with #Hizbul and they still continue #Jihad.
In 1994, #ISI formed an umbrella organization to unify and control all the Kashmiri militant group and make their stand and named it as Muttahida Jihad Council (MJC) or also called as United Jihad Council.

This council had 15 groups including #Lashakr, #Albadr ,#Hizbul etc.
This #UJC slowly became strong organization and #SayeedSalahudeen became it's chief.

#UJC had it's words in each and every bilateral treaty with India especially related to #Kashmir.

#UJC had also fought alongside #Pakistan army in 1999 #Kargil war.
Though the #UJC role in #Kargil is open secret but point here is , #Army wanted #Jihadis to fight in #Kargil war because of their guerrilla warfare experience, but things changed when these #Jihadis killed few Indian soldiers ( I don't want to name them) on Pakistan side.
This act of Jihadis brought Pakistan bad name in international community.

In most of the cases no soldier treated or will treat PoW badly.

It was the Jihadis who killed those soldiers from Indian side and at the end Pak army faced blame.
Coming back to 2000, as #Salahudeen announced ceasefire in #Kashmir , #UJC decided to dethrone him as chief and the also announced Jihad in Kashmir will continue.
#Salahudheen understood the blunder he committed, he changed decision within no time & said Jihad will continue.
This U turn by #Salahudeen made #AbdulMajeedDar angry , the slow division in #Hizbul started to visible.

In 2001 #AbdulMajeedDar decided to go for peace talk with Indian govt without permission from #Salahudeen or #UJC or #ISI.

#Salahudeen decided to bring #Dar down from power.
#Salahudeen started to replace all the existing filed commandos with his loyal Mujahids, and also ordered the #Dar and his followers to return to Pakistan.

#Dar and his followers were angry on #Salahudeen for replacing them, they openly announced that they won't return.
This enmity reached peak when #MajeedDar's friend Abdul Hamid Tantray who was Commander of #Hizbul who had also joined the Peace brigade with Dar was killed brutally by #Salahudeen team.

The message from #Salahudeen was clear, it is only #Jihad, no question of peace deal.
In May 2002 , #AbdulMajeedDar was officially expelled from #HizbulMujahideen.

Along with #Dar , few more top field commandos who were moving towards peace were expelled.

Surprisingly within 15 days Kashmiri politician (Indian side) Abdul Ghani Lone who wanted Peace was killed.
By 2003, #AbdulMajeedDar decided to form a political party and fight elections.

He had also decided to name his party as Salvation Movement and he decided to announce the same in Pakistan.

But in March 2003 #Dar was killed outside his house in Sopore by Salahudheen team.
The killing of #MajeedDar passed a message , though #Salahudeen got appreciation from #ISI , the field commandos became rebel to #Hizbul.

Few joined new organizations and only few returned back to #Hizbul, #Salahudeen allowed only Mujahideens to join back not field commandos.
Within days after killing Dar #Hizbul announced openly that they used #Strela ( low altitude surface-to-air shoulder-fired missile) on #Indian Armed forces which was also used by Soviets in Afghan.

US became furious , it asked #Musharraf to control Hizbul.

He ordered #ISI.
The Hizbul had reached a stage where they were not ready to listen even to #ISI.

#ISI tried several meetings to convince the Hizbul leaders but they were uncontrollable.

The next started the serial hunt of Hizbul leaders.

Did #ISI killed them ? Nope it helped #Raw to hunt them
Pak Army first stopped " Artillery cover " for this Mujahideens to cross LoC.
Hizbul mass hunt was started the first one was the commander of Hizbul #RasoolKhan in April 2003, the next big name was " Saifulla Rehman Bajwa " who was shot in Nov 2003.
It was in Jan first week of 2004, when Pakistan and India signed #Islamabad treaty.

Peace and controlling Jihad was one of the major points of the treaty, as soon as the treaty was signed #ISI openly started to catch Hizbul members.

This made #Salahudeen to go angry on #ISI.
#Salahudeen openly criticized #ISI

What happened next is interesting.

Indian forces kill #AbbasMallik who was the brain behind the logistics of arms and ammunition and with 24 hrs the Hizbul commander #RasoolDar was shot.

This happened within 10 days of Islamabad agreement.
Within 30 days of #Islamabad treaty, #Indian forces killed 13 major leaders of #Hizbul.

Through this #ISI had passed message to #Hizbul that " we are the boss ".

#Hizbul became weak when in May 2004 , Hizbul's chief commander #AbdurRashid was killed.
After 9/11 #US forces started to push Hezb-e-Islami members out of Afghanistan, the #CIA started to track the movement of these members.

#CIA found that the Hezb members were given protection by Qazi Hussain Ahmad's Jamaat e Islami.

#CIA and #ISI kept eye on it.
It was on March 1 , 2003 when #Osama's close aid and 9/11 Mastermind "Khalid Sheikh Mohammed" was caught by #ISI in a raid in #Rawalpindi which was pressurized by #CIA.

The reason raid was pressurized by #CIA was because of a past incident where #ISI lied #CIA.
Just after two months two more #Alqaeda leaders were caught in Jamaat leaders house .

In 2004 in National Assembly then interior minister Faisal Saleh Hayat had openly criticized the Jamaat for joining hands with #AlQaeda.
There was one curious missing students case which was traced by #CIA.

After 9/11 , the foreign students who came to Pakistan for Islamic studies in Maududi Institute
were Missing in a suspicious way.

#CIA later found that these students were exported to Afghanistan 4 Jihad.
Before I start about next group it is important to know about the history of #Jhang district.

Jhang historically a Shia dominated district in Punjab province.

The Partition forced the Muslims especially Sunni Muslims from Indian side to relocate to Jhang.
The relocated Sunnis migrated to rural places of #Jhang and started to work in lands mostly owned by Shias.

It was in 1970 the modernization in agricultural sector forced these Sunnis to relocate to Urban places in search of Jobs.

The relocated Sunnis became traders.
The migrated Sunnis not only concentrated on business but also started to get into Politics.

In 1970 elections Sunni dominated Jamiat Ulema i Pakistan (JUP) won all three NA seats in #Jhang.

Shia Sunni fight was about the start but 1974's anti-Ahmadiyya movement stopped it
#Jhang became the platform of anti #Ahmadiyya movement both Shias and Sunnis joined hands to declare Ahmadiyyas as Kafirs.

The Shia Sunni cold war again started after the Ahmadiyya war calmed.

The 1977 Election further fuelled the hate between Sunnis and Shias in #Jhang.
In 1977 elections PPP gave tickets to candidates from Jhang’s prominent Shia families whereas the right-wing alliance, gave tickets to influential members of Sunnis. The PPP had won all five NA seats.

The main issue started in the year 1979 ! "Islamic Revolution " in Iran !
The Rich Shias realized that along with the monetary power they need to have political power equally to rule.

The Iranian revolution created a platform for groups like Tehrik-e-Jafaria Pakistan (TJP) which wanted to convert Pakistan into Shia republic !
The Rich Shias sent their kids to #Iran and made them study in Shia madrasas, Suddenly Shia organizations increased overnight in mid 80s !

Realizing the threat the then Dictator #Zia started to strengthen Sunni extremists !

The main among them was Haq Nawaz Jhangvi !
#Jhangvi became propagator of #Zia's ideology he started organization called Sipah-e-Sahaba Pakistan #SSP and started to speak against #Shia, he started receiving funds from #Saudi.

#Jhangvi also went on saying #Shias are kufrs and were not related to Islam.
#SSP started to grow big in #Jhangvi's hometown #Jhang. Shia's decided to fight SSP through #TNF but at the same time it's top Shia leader "Allama Syed Arif Hussain Al Hussaini" was killed , this was a major shock as he had a good friendship with Iranian govt !
The funeral of Arif Hussain Hussaini was attended by Gen Zia and other top Iran leaders but who killed him ?

Few reports say #ISI was behind the attack as one of the then Army officer Raja Geelani was had planned the execution and escape way.

However it remains mystery !
#SSP slowly turned more notorious, it started to kill Shias across Pakistan. But on 23 February 1990 the founder of #SSP Haq Nawaz Jhangvi was killed by a Shia #KakaBalli who was kin of ex MNA Amanullah Khan.

The #SSP after 1990s became even more terror.
It was in 1992 , when #SSP grew to next level where they started using modern weapons.

The same year they killed 5 police through "Rocket launchers ".

In 1994 , #SSP killed 70+ and injured more than 300+ of Shias most of them during prayers in Mosque.
#SSP leaders announced Shias were Iranian agents .

Everytime a Sunni leader was killed the revenge by #SSP was to kill a Shia leader in revenge.

Ex : Revenge of Jhangvi's murder was killing #SadeqGanji  who was the Iranian Consul General to Pakistan in same year.
It was after the death of #Jhangvi, #SSP had internal clashes, In 1996 Riaz Basra & Malik Ishaq decided to break away and form new organization as they felt #SSP deviated from #Jhangvi's ideology.

They founded new group named it #LeJ Lashkar-e-Jhangvi !!
It was second week of January 1997 when Ziaur Rahman Farooqi was appearing for a bail was killed through a bomb which was placed under a motorcycle outside courtroom.

It was one of the most powerful devices ever used in Pakistan by that time.

"26 people had lost life "
Once #Musharaff took power kept many groups in control including #SSP.

He also banned #SSP in August 2001

After 9/11 US started bombarding #Taliban leaders this fuelled many groups in #Pakistan including #SSP.

#SSP's then 3 time MNA from #Jhang #AzamTariq spoke against #US !
#AzamTariq organized rallies across and started to motivate people to support #Taliban troops.

#Musharaff arrested #AzamTariq and kept the things in control.

The #SSP was getting weaker on other hand #LeJ was getting violent !

#AzamTariq who was close to #ISI was shot dead !
Though #SSP and #LeJ are two faces of same coin they never claimed so but #AzamTariq used to be present in funeral prayers of these #LeJ leaders and #SSP flags were also present on dead bodies of #LeJ leaders.

Ban on #SSP was revoked on 26 June 2018 a month before election!
I will explain about #LeJ and their way of #Jihad.

Though #LeJ was created due to ideological difference after the death of #Jhangvi among leaders of #SSP.

There was close connection among #LeJ and #SSP even after the split.

#LeJ even today strong due to their strategy.
#LeJ unlike other groups had "cells" for different places, the cell usually had 3-5 people and in case of bigger crime they had 7 people.

These #Jihadists after the attack usually go back to their hometown and continue to work as a Common people till they get next task.
#LeJ members were ordered not to have beard nor to wear religious clothes and they always used to carry identity cards with them everytime they go out !

It was/is nearly impossible for #ISI to identity them after the attack as they split and go back to their places.
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