Eg by speaking in Spanish at rallies, & printing placards in both languages
By seeing peers securing wins, others become emboldened!
So the catalyst here is *not* economic or legal, nor a shift in internalised ideologies about what’s right,
But #hope, through observing others people’s successful activism.
They recognised their accomplishment & collective efficacy : “we made history”.
This raised their #expectations of what is possible
if workers are not already unified, confident, & righteous, then #setbacks can undermine their hope, & proclivity to invest.
(I make this same point in my paper, “politicising inequality”).
WV has a stronger history of labour struggles: more experienced organisers
So organising in O was weaker, more top-down, more conciliatory
- argues @_ericblanc
Democrats saw the overthrow of the regime in France (1848) & Tunisia (2011). They hoped they could achieve similar wins. But lacked their organisational strength, & got screwed over
Is it path dependent: states without traditions of leftist organising have inevitably weak unions?
Or can a militant minority 🌹 help strengthen bottom up organising?
Both in terms of goals and strategy;
Demanding more, deep organising, emboldening and engaging the grassroots (not top-down advocacy on their behalf).
“Red state revolt” implies that even in states with repressive labor laws, huge internal divisions, and little history of activism
It is possible to organise workers, and through successful activism, they gain solidarity & inspire others.
Different context: much more precarious workers, weaker ties, far easier to replace & break strikes, attrition...