He also described the divisions among SanyAsis and BrahmAchAris following from matha divisions.
We take a look at these distinguishing features of each Matha one by one.
It's said to have been established in 489 BCE.
The date given here and to be given later are as per tradition. The dates given by historians are much recent belonging to 7-8th century CE.
From कीट ( Keeta ) comes कीटवार ( KeetvAra) , the name of this SampradAya.
The sanyAsis of this tradition take the names ( पद ) Teertha ( तीर्थ ) and Ashrama (आश्रम )
Siddheshvara ( सिद्धेश्वर ) is their devta
Bhadrakali ( भद्रकाली ) is their devi
Their Veda is SAmaveda
Their Teertha is Gomati
' तत्त्वमसि ' is the mahAvAkya of this matha. It means ' thou are that' it's taken from ChhAndogya Upanishad related to SAmaveda.
तत् (tat) , त्वं (tvama) and असि ( Asi) takes the name तीर्थ (Teertha)
sanyAsi who is in the TuriyAshrama ( state of pure consciousness) and is free from cycle of birth and death is given the name आश्रम ( Ashrama)
It's said to have been established in 486 BCE.
The sanyAsis of this tradition take the पद ( names) वन ( Vana) and आरण्य ( Aranya)
Jagannatha is their devta
Vimla is their devi
Their Veda is Rigveda and their Gotra is kAshyapa
Their Teertha is Mahodadhi , the great sea ( At puri )
Their MahavAkya is प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म ( PrajnAnam Brahma) , taken from Aitareya Upanishad w related to Rigveda.
प्रज्ञानम् ब्रह्म means "Brahma is PrajnAnanam ( knowledge
Similarly, some sanyAsis take the name आरण्य ( Aranya), resident of forest.
It was established in 484 BCE.
The sanyAsis of this tradition take the पद ( names) गिरी (Giri), पर्वत (Parvata) and सागर (SAgara)
NArAyana is their devta
PurnAgiri is their devi
Their Veda is atharvaveda and their Gotra is Bhrigu
Their Teertha is alaknandA river
Their MahavAkya is अयमात्मा ब्रह्म ( ayamAtma BrahmA) , taken from mAndukya Upanishad related to atharvaveda.
अयमात्मा ब्रह्म means " This Atma is BrahmA"
Similarly, पर्वत ( Parvata) sanyAsis draw their name from bigger mountains or पर्वत ( Parvata)
The BrahmAchAris of this maths take the name आनंद ( Ananda)
This sampradAya is called भूरिवार (BhurivAra ) sampradAya.
There is lot confusion regarding its date of establishment even within traditional sources.
The sanyAsis of this tradition take the पद ( names) सरस्वती (Sarasvati), भारती (BhArati) and पुरी (Puri)
AdivArAha is their devta
KAmAkshi is their devi
Their Veda is Yajurveda and their Gotra is भूर्भवः (bhurbhavah )
Their Teertha is TungabhadrA
Their MahavAkya is अहम ब्रह्मा अस्मि ( aham BrhamA Asmi ) , taken from BrihadAranyak Upanishad related to Yajurveda.
अहम ब्रह्मा अस्मि means "I am BrahmA"
SanyAsi well versed in all vidyAs , free from all vikAras and unaware of दुःखभारम ( Dukha BhAram) are named BhArati.
Chaitanya is the name taken by BrahmAcharis of this matha.