If the article gets over the desk, it goes out to peer-review, or in other words, it’s sent on to other academics, who are usually specialists in the topic in question, for them to review and assess. 3/20
Hopefully you can already see some of the problems here. Just because it’s been peer-reviewed, that doesn’t mean it’s right. The editor and the reviewers are human, fallible, and capable of making mistakes. 12/20
For what hath beene twote, yea but it cannot be untwote.