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Thread 1: The Pentagon released its #IndoPacific strategy report today: It labels #China as a Revisionist Power that "it seeks #IndoPacific regional hegemony in the near-term and, ultimately global preeminence in the long-term." The official text: 👇 media.defense.gov/2019/May/31/20…
2: "China is investing in a broad range of military programs and weapons, including those designed to improve power projection; modernize its nuclear forces; and conduct increasingly complex operations in domains such as cyberspace, space, and electronic warfare operations."
3: "China is also developing a wide array of anti-access/area denial (A2/AD) capabilities, which could be used to prevent countries from operating in areas near China’s periphery, including the maritime and air domains that are open to use by all countries."
4: "In 2018, China’s placement of anti-ship cruise missiles and long-range surface-to-air missiles on the disputed Spratly Islands violated a 2015 public pledge by the Chairman of the CCP Xi Jinping that “China does not intend to pursue militarization” of the Spratly Islands."
5: "China’s use of military presence in an attempt to exert de facto control over disputed areas is not limited to the South China Sea. In the East China Sea, China patrols near the Japan-administered Senkaku Islands with maritime law enforcement ships and aircraft."
6: "These actions endanger the free flow of trade, threaten the sovereignty of other nations, and undermine regional stability. Such activities are inconsistent with the principles of a free and open Indo-Pacific."
7: "Simultaneously, China is engaged in a campaign of low-level coercion to assert control of disputed spaces in the region, particularly in the maritime domain. China is using a steady progression of small, incremental steps in the “gray zone” between peaceful relations and ....
8: ...... overt hostilities to secure its aims, while remaining below the threshold of armed conflict. Such activities can involve the coordination of multiple tools, including: political warfare, disinformation, use of A2/AD networks, subversion, and economic leverage."
9: "During the last decade, China continued to emphasize capabilities for Taiwan contingencies. China has never renounced the use of military force against Taiwan, and continues to develop and deploy advanced military capabilities needed for a potential military campaign."
10: "PLA modernization is also strengthening its ability to operate farther from China’s borders. For example, the PLA is reorganizing to improve its capability to conduct complex joint operations & is also improving its command & control, training, personnel & logistics systems"
11: "China is using economic inducements and penalties, influence operations, and implied military threats to persuade other states to comply with its agenda. Although trade has benefitted both China and its trade partners, Chinese use of espionage and theft for economic........
12: ........advantage, as well as diversion of acquired technology to the military, remains a significant source of economic and national security risk to all of China’s trading partners."
13: "While investment often brings benefits for recipient countries, including the United States, some of China’s investments result in negative economic effects or costs to host country sovereignty. Chinese investment and project financing that bypasses regular market ........
14: ....mechanisms results in lower standards & reduced opportunities for local companies & workers, & can result in significant debt accumulation. One-sided & opaque deals are inconsistent with the principles of a free & open Indo-Pacific, and are causing concern in the region."
15: "For example, in 2018, Bangladesh had to ban one of China’s major state firms for attempted bribery & in the same year, Maldives’ finance minister said that China was building infrastructure projects in the country at significantly inflated prices compared to what was agreed.
16: "Furthermore, a Chinese state-owned enterprise purchased operational control of Hambantota Port for 99 years, taking advantage of Sri Lanka’s need for cash when its government faced daunting external debt repayment obligations."
17: "The United States does not oppose China’s investment activities as long as they respect sovereignty and the rule of law, use responsible financing practices, and operate in a transparent and economically sustainable manner. "
18: "The United States, however, has serious concerns with China’s potential to convert unsustainable debt burdens of recipient countries or sub-national groups into strategic and military access, including by taking possession of sovereign assets as collateral."
19: "China’s coercive behavior is playing out globally, from the Middle East and Africa to Latin America and Europe. A lack of transparency also clouds China’s activities in the polar regions. In 2018, China announced the inclusion of the region in One Belt One Road as the.......
20: “Polar Silk Road” & emphasized its self-declared status as a “Near-Arctic State.” China is also expanding its engagement and capabilities in the Antarctic, in particular by working to finalize a fifth research station, which will diversify its presence across the continent."
The Pentagon released its #IndoPacific strategy report today: It labels #India a “Major Defense Partner,” a status unique to India. The official text: 👇 media.defense.gov/2019/May/31/20…
The Pentagon released its #IndoPacific strategy report today: About #Vietnam: The #US is building a strategic partnership with Vietnam that is based on common interests & principles, including freedom of navigation.... The official text below 👇 media.defense.gov/2019/May/31/20…
#US seeks a networked #IndoPacific as response to more assertive #China - "China, as it continues its economic and military ascendance, seeks Indo-Pacific regional hegemony in the near-term and ultimately global preeminence in the long-term" 👍 straitstimes.com/singapore/us-s…
The United States has said that the region is increasingly confronted by a more confident and assertive China that is willing to accept friction in the pursuit of a more expansive set of political, economic and security interests.
The report called China a "revisionist power" that under the leadership of the Chinese Communist Party undermines the international system from within by exploiting its benefits while eroding the values and principles of the rules-based order.
In response to these challenges, the US wants to build a network of trilateral partnerships and will continue to support multilateral institutions like Asean as part of its strategy to achieve the vision of a free and open Indo-Pacific, the report said.
It will also encourage intra-Asian security relationships, such as through new defence agreements and enhanced exercises, as it believes that greater burden-sharing will strengthen the ability to deter conflict and increase the flexibility to respond to challenges.
"As we weave these partnerships with purpose, a networked security architecture - with shared values, habits of cooperation & compatible & complementary capabilities, will form a strong, free & open fabric that knits the region together, preserving sovereignty, peace & stability"
Acting US Defence Secretary Patrick Shanahan pointed out that the Indo-Pacific was the US' "priority theatre", asserting that the US has a "natural presence" in the region as a Pacific nation. The Indo-Pacific as defined by the US stretches from the US west coast to India.
As part of efforts to promote a networked region, the report said that Pentagon was "strongly emphasizing trilateral mechanisms" to bring together like-minded allies and partners, such as the South Korea-Japan-US partnership, or between US, Japan and India. (no Australia?)
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