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When #China Massacred Its Own People - “Lies written in ink cannot disguise facts written in blood.” nytimes.com/2019/06/01/opi…
Thirty years ago in the spring of 1989, as the world’s most populous country teetered on the edge of freedom, I received a late-night phone call in my apartment in Beijing: The Chinese Army was invading its own capital.
Students made roads impassable by setting up barricades to block the army, so I got on my bicycle & pedaled furiously toward the gunfire. I reached Tiananmen Square shortly before the army & I watched as soldiers fired their automatic weapons directly at the crowd that I was in.
I was then The Times Beijing bureau chief & that evening, I was trying to document horrors that remain in my memory. You never forget watching young people, full of passion and idealism, stand up to machine guns — and then in an instant crumple bloody and lifeless on the ground.
Until that evening, millions of Chinese had marched freely for 7 weeks in hundreds of cities across the country, denouncing corruption & seeking greater democracy. Sculptors created a huge “Goddess of Democracy,” a Chinese version of the Statue of Liberty. Hope filled the air.
Then came the soldiers, firing not only on the crowds but even on families watching in horror from balconies. Troops fired at ambulances rescuing the wounded. Winter fell on China, and in political terms it hasn’t left.
My memories of the massacre are not only of government savagery but also the unparalleled courage of the most humble citizens. I'll never forget the rickshaw drivers, for whenever there was a pause in the gunfire, they would pedal their 3-wheeled carts to pick up the wounded.
The rickshaw driver saw me and swerved toward me so that I could bear witness to his government’s brutality. As he passed, he pleaded with me: Tell the world! And tears were streaming down his cheeks.
He was probably a peasant from the countryside with little education, and he might not have been able to define democracy — but he was risking his life for it.
30 years passed since that bloody night. Beijing patched up the bullet pockmarks along the Avenue of Eternal Peace. Chinese propaganda scrubbed the democracy movement & massacre from history, so that many young Chinese have no idea the Communist Party massacred its own people.
Paradoxically, the Communist Party has helped sow the seeds of its eventual demise by nurturing the rise of an educated middle class that is more difficult to fool, bully and bribe into perpetual submission.
Xi may think he has triumphed by burying history, stifling Hong Kong, suppressing religion, strangling the internet, imprisoning journalists & erasing the truth of what I saw 30y ago but scholars often quote Lu Xun: “Lies written in ink cannot disguise facts written in blood.”
One day I believe we will witness the arrival of freedom in the world’s most populous country. In my mind’s eye, I envision a memorial erected on Tiananmen Square to the heroes of 1989, perhaps taking the form of a weeping rickshaw driver with a wounded student.
Article & Video: #China’s #Tiananmen Massacre horror - 30 years on, a Canadian journalist shares newly restored footage. 13 minutes - 👍 A MUST WATCH - RIP to the students killed there hongkongfp.com/2019/05/30/vid…
Canadian journalist Arthur Kent recounted the 1989 Tiananmen Massacre horror using newly restored video footage he shot during the crackdown. The film Black Night In June documents the bloody crackdown as student protesters falled into the square after the Army opened fire.
The massacre occurred on June 4, 1989, ending months of student-led demonstrations in China. Its estimated that thousands of people died when the military was deployed to crack down on protesters in Beijing. Chinese authorities have since censored references to the massacre.
Kent was working as a freelance journalist for The Observer, CBC News and NBC News when he was sent to Beijing to film and report on the growing movement. The film, shared on Kent’s Skyreporter website, shows bystanders tending to the wounded as gunfire rings out across the city.
The final shot depicts the scene around the Monument to the People’s Heroes at around 3.30am on the evening of the massacre. “That is my first, best hope with the film. To remind people what the protesters endured that night. The feeling of running for your life.
“On the night of June 3, 1989, I was assigned at 9pm to walk west on Chang’an to investigate reports of gunfire at Mu-Xi-Di Bridge. I had 2 NP1 batteries & 2 20-minute BetaSP cassettes with me when at 10:30pm or so, I encountered the lead assault unit approaching the Minzu Hotel”
Kent said he left the square at around 4am, evading several groups of plainclothes policemen: “When they saw my camera, one group of cops tried to grab me. It was a close call,” he said.”
The filmmaker said his tapes were hand-carried by willing passengers and distributed to local bureaus in Hong Kong or Tokyo, where the footage was fed live across the world. He added that pirated shots of his footage continue to be duplicated in videos about the massacre.
Next Tuesday marks 30 years since the crackdown. An annual vigil hosted by the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China will be held at Victoria Park in Hong Kong to commemorate victims of the massacre. Its typically attended by tens of thousands.
Here is the video: Tiananmen Square Massacre: "Black Night In June"
At least 10,000 people died in Tiananmen Square massacre, secret British cable from the time alleged - Secret document suggested death toll was much higher than later reported, while claiming wounded students were bayoneted as they begged for their lives independent.co.uk/news/world/asi…
First waves of troops went in unarmed to disperse the protesters. Then “The 27 Army APCs opened fire on the crowd before running over them. APCs ran over troops & civilians at 65kmh.” “Students were given one hour to leave square, but after five minutes APCs attacked.
“Students linked arms but were mown down. APCs then ran over the bodies time and time again to make, quote ‘pie’ unquote, and remains collected by bulldozer. “Remains incinerated and then hosed down drains.”
“27th Army ordered to spare no one”. “Wounded girl students begged for their lives but were bayoneted. “A 3 year-old girl was injured, but her mother was shot as she went to her aid, as were 6 others.” The massacre continued even after the first wave of killings.
1,000 survivors were told they could escape but were then mown down by specially prepared machine gun positions. “Army ambulances who attempted to give aid were shot up, as was a Sino-Japanese hospital ambulance.”
In another incident, the troops even shot one of their own officers. Sir Alan wrote: “27 Army officer shot dead by own troops, apparently because he faltered. Troops explained they would be shot if they hadn’t shot the officer.” “Minimum estimate of civilian dead 10,000.”
This estimate is above any figures issued by the Chinese government, which has numbered the dead at between 200 & 300. There has never been an undisputed figure for the death toll, but early on the morning of 4 June, the Chinese Red Cross estimated 2,700 people had been killed.
In 2014, however, it was reported that a confidential US government file quoted a Chinese military source as saying the Communist regime’s own internal assessment believed 10,454 people had been killed – a figure that would fit Sir Alan’s initial estimate.
The Chinese government has always characterised the response to the Tiananmen Square protests as legitimate defence against a counter-revolutionary riot or rebellion.
The “atrocities” against thousands of pro-democracy protesters in Beijing’s Tiananmen Square were done by the 27th Army of Shanxi Province, whose troops were described as “60% illiterate & called primitives”. Most didn't even speak Mandarin.
Those actions were done by #China "People's" Army. That's a "people's" army Chinese regime style. June 4th 1989, the day of infamy for a Chinese regime that aspires to become the preeminent global power.
The New #Tiananmen Papers - Inside the Secret Meeting That Changed #China after the Tiananmen Square massacre foreignaffairs.com/articles/china…
On April 15, 1989, popular Chinese leader Hu Yaobang died of a heart attack in Beijing. 2 years earlier, Hu was dismissed as Communist Party general secretary for being too liberal. Now, thousands of students from Beijing campuses gathered in Tiananmen Square, in Beijing.......
.... to demand that the party give him a proper sendoff. By honoring Hu, the students expressed dissatisfaction with the corruption developed during the ten years of “reform & opening” under Deng Xiaoping & their disappointment for the lack of political liberalization.
The students occupying the square declared a hunger strike, their demands grew more radical, and demonstrations spread to hundreds of other cities around the country. Deng decided to declare martial law, to take effect on May 20.
But the demonstrators dug in, & Deng ordered the use of force on the night of June 3. Over the next 24 hours, thousands were killed, the precise death toll is still unknown. The violence provoked widespread revulsion throughout Chinese society & led to international condemnation
Zhao Ziyang, the Chinese Communist Party general secretary, had advocated a conciliatory approach and had refused to accept the decision to use force. Deng ousted him from his position, and Zhao was placed under house arrest—an imprisonment that ended only when he died, in 2005.
15 days after the massacre, on June 19–21, the party's Politburo convened for an “enlarged” meeting, one that included the regime’s most influential retired elders. The purpose was to unify the divided party elite around Deng’s decisions to use force & to remove Zhao from office.
The party’s response to the 1989 crisis has shaped the course of Chinese history for three decades, and the Politburo’s enlarged meeting shaped that response. But what was said during the meeting has never been revealed—until now.
#China shows it has no regrets over the #Tiananmen slaughter - With the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre approaching, why would China's defense minister decide to defend the Communist Party's day of infamy? 👎🇨🇳👎  smh.com.au/world/asia/chi…
Not only did he justify the military's murder of untold numbers of peaceful student protesters in Beijing's national square in 1989, he reversed the moral scrutiny: "How can you say that China handled it improperly?" Wei Fenghe demanded of an international audience in Singapore.
The topic has long been taboo in China, rigorously scrubbed from history, censored from any media mention, commemorations banned. But why say it, and so stridently, now? First, it's a telltale sign of a regime that is unapologetic and increasingly confident.
"It was political turbulence" and "the Chinese government acted to stop the turbulence", he said. The thirty years of stability and development since has proved that it was the "correct" decision, Wei said.
Ever since the global financial crisis exposed the weakness of the West a decade ago, China has been more and more assertive of its own authoritarian model, less and less tolerant of any criticism. Human rights are out, nationalist hubris is in.
Second, it reinforced the point of Wei's overall performance in front of an influential international audience - to assert China's inherent right to greatness and to warn Washington against any thought of challenging China militarily.
Third, it's the core of Chinese Communist Party's rule. Chinese President Xi Jinping once said that the Soviet Union collapsed because no one was "man enough" to defend the Communist Party's rule. China, implicitly, would not make that mistake.
General Wei was showing that the Chinese Communist Party is "man enough" to murder its civilians to preserve its rule and never look back. As Mao said, "political power grows from the barrel of a gun". And the regime has a firm grip on the gun.
"Human rights activists are now enduring their worst persecution since peaceful protesters took to Tiananmen Square in 1989." And the world has indeed been warned. If the Chinese Communist Party can justify to itself the brazen murder of its own people, it can justify anything.
Video: 1989: Man vs. Chinese tanks in Tiananmen square. The famous video of one Chinese man that confronted and stopped a column of tanks - The original CNN footage 👍
Arrests, threats reported ahead of #China's #TiananmenSquareMassacre anniversary: U.N. #Tiananmen30 reuters.com/article/us-chi…
The United Nations human rights office told Reuters on Tuesday that it had received reports alleging that a number of Chinese citizens had been detained or threatened ahead of the 30th anniversary of the Tiananmen Square crackdown.
Spokeswoman Ravina Shamdasani said that it also had received reports of “increased censorship” of the mention of the Tiananmen anniversary and was calling on Chinese authorities to enhance freedom of peaceful assembly and expression.
“We have made our concerns known to the Chinese government and we are working to also verify these reports that we have received,” Shamdasani told Reuters Television.
'Sacred day': #Chinese remember Tiananmen killings by fasting - 30 years after crackdown, fasting is gaining traction to mark 4th June amid increasing censorship theguardian.com/world/2019/jun…
For the past 29 years, Chen Wei has marked the anniversary of the bloody 4 June Tiananmen Square crackdown by fasting for 24 hours, consuming only water and thinking of the students who perished.
Chen, a former student organiser, started the tradition when she was in prison, soon after the protests ended, while serving 20 months in an 8 sq metre cell. It was a small, silent act of resistance. The guards did not pay attention to whether she ate or not.
Chen is one of many former protesters and activists who will be fasting on Tuesday, the 30th anniversary of the crushing of a nationwide pro-democracy movement, when tanks and soldiers cleared protesters by force, killing hundreds or perhaps thousands.
“They died to promote democracy in China and it seems what we have done in the past 20 or 30 years is insignificant. We failed to let their souls rest in peace, we failed to redress their deaths,” she said.
Fasting is one of the only forms of remembrance left to people like Chen and her husband, also an activist, amid even tighter controls and censorship by Chinese authorities.
A group of Chinese activists called for a nationwide fast to remember Tiananmen. “Holding vigil, wearing black in mourning, these acts can be suppressed or restricted. Fasting can't be restricted, which is possible even if you are deprived of your freedom” said a online statement
“Before people fasted on their own. Now, we hope more people will join and turn this into a social movement and a tradition. Even though we are scattered… we are united and together,” said one of the organisers, based in China, who asked not to be named for security reasons.
“Fasting is a way to suffer. To reflect, so it’s appropriate for such an occasion,” said Zhou Fengsuo, a former student leader in Beijing, who is now living in the US.
“I feel guilty, but I also hope this will be resolved. I hope one day this day will be China’s human rights day. Everyone feels sadness but also a sense of motivation and courage. This day is very special and sacred.”
Thread: Tiananmen Square Massacre Victim: The #CCP Hasn’t Changed @goldenp11462989 @MilesWin7 theepochtimes.com/tiananmen-squa…
”Why was there an order to start killing?” Fang Zheng asked. His simple query, among many other questions, has been unanswered for 3 decades. But Zheng—a victim turned activist whose legs were run over by a tank during the Tiananmen Massacre, is still fighting for the truth.
The bloodbath, carried out by orders from the Communist Party (CCP), took the lives of throngs of Chinese students protesting for democratic reform on June 4, 1989. The regime continued to deny any involvement, & online searches of the incident are censored inside China.
The CCP had pressured Zheng, now 55, to say he was hurt in a road accident, but he refused. Zheng’s story brings up images of an internationally recognized photo from the massacre known widely as the “Tank Man.”
“What the CCP is doing today is just a continuation of what happened 30 years ago. Though their leaders changed from Deng to Jiang to Hu to Xi, their principles and ideology has not changed,” he said at the annual global conference for human rights defenders.
He said the only thing that changed is the methods the CCP uses to control people, they they persecute everything that doesn’t align with their interests. If someone were to write something related to June 4 on WeChat it would be impossible since they track & filter all comments.
“They also use similar technology to put people under surveillance. They follow everyone’s comments on the internet & use it as evidence of illegal activities & arrest them. Modern technology is a useful tool for the CCP to suppress the people. It makes them unable to speak.”
“Many Chinese, especially the young, still don’t know about the massacre. There are 2 reasons behind this, one is the control of the CCP, so unless they seek it, they won’t know. Also, the environment is high-pressure, people are self-censoring themselves because they are afraid”
Steven Mosher: After Tiananmen Massacre, #China ‘Emptied Out the Hospitals’ of ‘Dead and Wounded’ to ‘Destroy the Evidence’ @goldenp11462989 @MilesWin7 @mouse458 @1GigiSims @nousgnostic @BonnieGlaser @LouisaCGreve @SimonBao8 @SophieHRW @himderfella picktheredpill.com/steven-mosher-…
Population Research Institute President Steven Mosher recalled how Chinese authorities emptied Beijing’s hospitals of “dead and wounded” to “destroy the evidence” of what they had done in Tiananmen Square on June 4, 1989.
“It began in February of 1989 with students peacefully demonstrating in favor of democracy, human rights, and an end to the one-party dictatorship,” remembered Mosher. “They were holding signs with quotations from Patrick Henry, ‘Give me liberty or give me death.’
They were quoting George Washington & Thomas Jefferson & Abraham Lincoln. The Chinese people, saw the outside world for the first time because Deng Xiaoping had opened up — had lifted the Bamboo Curtain, as we’d call it — and they had seen what life was like in the outside world.
Some of them had been in the United States and had come back, and they desperately wanted change in China.” Over a million people — from all walks of life — were demonstrating in Beijing in pursuit of “human rights” and “freedom,” said Mosher.
“On the day of the massacre, Deng Xiaoping could not get the army stationed in Beijing to follow his orders, so he brought the 38th Army Inner Mongolia with many, many, many Mongolian recruits — not Han Chinese, but Mongols who had no connections to people in the capital.
They were lied to. They were told there was an armed uprising in Beijing which wanted to overthrow the Chinese Communist Party, and it was their job to put down that uprising.”
“These were people brought from the borderlands, people who in many cases didn’t like the Han Chinese. They’re the ones who opened fire. They’re the ones who committed the massacre. There were tanks rolling into crowds of people at high speed, crushing them into hamburgers.
The streets had to be scraped afterwards with bulldozers to get off the remains of the human beings who were killed by these tanks that ran over them. The butchery was horrible.”
This is the kind of government [and] political party that we are still dealing with in China today. People need to understand this. These are people who rule by force and the threat of force, and they do not hesitate to kill anybody who gets in their way.”
“The hospitals were overflowing with dead & wounded. But the next day, the hospitals were emptied out. The wounded were taken out, even those who were on life support who shouldn’t have been disconnected from their IVs — were all taken away in army trucks & never heard from again
They emptied out the hospitals of all the dead and wounded to try to destroy the evidence, and that’s exactly what they did.” “Communist parties, when they come to power … will kill ten to 15% of the population,” stated Mosher.
“They kill the counterrevolutionaries, the people who resist their rule. In China, the total is much more than that, because you’ve got the tens of millions who died in the purges of the 50s, the 60s’ Cultural Revolution victims, the victims of all the purges and persecutions....
... the 400 million killed in the 1-child policy, for example, pre-born & born, killed after birth by Red Army doctors. So you’ve got a total number of casualties of about 500 million, that’s about 30% of China's population, I call it the biggest killing machine in history.”
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