Here's a short thread from an English linguistics student!
English was historically spread in the Outer Circle countries from the invasion of the British in Asia. It became, for a moment, the lingua franca.
This is why our jurisdiction, legislature, and even education are English-oriented.
This is different than the Outer Circle's usage of English.
The Expanding Circle is the biggest and most vague English Circle as of now since English is still spreading across the world.
But do note how even in Bahasa Indonesia, the influence of English is still there with the borrowing of English words, either morphologically or semantically.
I'm sure there are better ways to translate it to Bahasa Indonesia. Perhaps @danieleskay can look into it.
It is only in terms of formality that we are different
That is all from me. Terima kasih! 🌺✊
Hi I'm Atika and I do audio transcription, English proofreading, and Malay to English translation services! Currently taking small batches of work. You can DM me for more info on this 😊
Alternatively, you can support me by donating to my Paypal/Maybank or buying me a Ko-Fi at ko-fi.com/mehtalika 😍