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Akbar created the system of Subah (provinces). This system of Subah, made administrative reforms more efficient & Bengal was the most important Subah of the Mughals.

Initially under the rule of Emperor Akbar, there were 12 Subahs, which rose to 22 under Shah Jahan.

Kabul, Lahore, Multan, Ajmer, Gujarat, Delhi, Agra, Malwa, Awadh, Illahabad, Bihar, and Bengal were the initial 12 Subahs under Akbar.

Each Subah had a governor called a Subahdar. Each Subah was further divided into Sarkars or districts.
The Subah of Bengal, comprising of both Bangladesh and West Bengal was the richest Subah (province) of the Mughal Empire.

The administrators of the Bengal province were refugees from the Safavid Empire.
At the peak of the Mughal Empire, it made up about 24% of the entire world’s GDP

About 40% this wealth came from the Subah Bengal alone

This means that the tiny little region of Bengal was responsible for about 12% of the entire worlds GDP

Just Imagine the power of this region
Inshort, the Subah of Bengal was more richer than the all of Western Europe combined during the 16th & 17th century.

The Bengal province was so important to the Mughal Empire that it was awarded special privileges. Bengal was largely autonomous, being ruled by its own nobility.
At its prime, the Bengal Subah was the greatest semi-industrial and manufacturing hub in the entire world. Everything of worth was produced in Bengal. It was the largest producer of cotton and one of the largest of silk.

Around 55% of all Dutch textile imports came from Bengal.
Over 80,000 - 90,000 textile weavers worked and lived in the city of Dhaka alone.

Bengal also had one of the best shipbuilding industry in the world. The living standards of the people of Bengal Subah were the highest in the Indian sub continent.
Today the GDP of the USA is 23% of the entire world’s GDP (Similar as Mughal Empire at it’s prime).

The state of California, Texas and New York form 31% of the US GDP.

Compare this to Subah of Bengal, which alone provided 40% of the total GDP of the Mughal Empire.
So while everyone is debating about Indian GDP 400 - 500 years ago, dont forget about this wealthy Province of East India.

This powerful province was annexed by East India company after the Battle of Plassey. The power dynamics of the World was about to change soon.

How this powerful province (Bengal) was systematically dismantled by the British is an another story.

a) Moving the national capital from Calcutta to Delhi in 1905 laid the seeds of division
b) Both World Wars
c) The Famine
d) Freight equalization policy of 1952.
The Mysore silk industry was first initiated during the reign of Tipu Sultan

He sent an expert to Bengal Subah to study silk cultivation & processing, after which Mysore began developing silk. Soon Mysore overtook Bengal Subah (silk)

A reason why i love Tipu. Improvise & Adapt.
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