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I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/17/2019: Phyllis Young.

Young is a Lakota activist, founder of Women of All Red Nations & a key elder in the #NoDAPL movement. From @nick_w_estes’s new book, I also learned she was instrumental in drafting the 1974 “Declaration of Continuing Independence.” Book cover: Our History Is The Future
Phyllis Young: “I am ‘Woman Who Stands By The Water’ & my other name is ‘Woman Who Loves the Water.’ I was given those names by my people because it's been my life struggle to protect the water.”
ecowatch.com/indigenous-wom…
Today, Phyllis Young is involved in the #GreenTheRez movement, seeking to transform the Standing Rock reservation to 100% renewable energy, an effort deeply tied up with the centuries-long Oceti Sakowin struggle against broken treaties & for sovereignty. huffpost.com/entry/standing…
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow. (I have a long & ever-growing list, but a few folx have asked if I want suggestions: Always! Yes! Send suggestions my way, either here or by DM!)
#WomanOfTheDay 7/18/2019: Marvel Cooke

Ms. Cooke’s life makes it very hard to keep this to 3 or 4 tweets. But here goes. Cooke was born in MN but made her way to NYC after WEB DuBois hired her as his assistant at The Crisis.
Cooke wrote for a bunch of NY publications: Amsterdam News, People’s Voice, The Daily Compass. I first learned of her when I read the Crisis piece she co-investigated & co-wrote w/ Ella Baker (yes, THAT, Ella Baker) in 1935, called The Bronx Slave Market. jacobinmag.com/2018/12/ella-b…
Cooke’s & Baker’s article was an exposé of the exploitative conditions faced by the city’s Black female domestic workers. 15-years later, Cooke went undercover as a domestic to write a multi-part follow-up, to see what, if anything, had changed. viewpointmag.com/2015/10/31/the…
“Hundreds of years of history weighed on me. I was the slave traded for 2 truck horses on a Memphis corner in 1849. I was the slave trading my brawn for a pittance on a Bronx corner in 1949. As I stood there waiting to be bought, I lived through a century of indignity.”
And she was a Communist. After subbing for Paul Robeson (whose passport had been revoked) at a foreign gig, FBI agents showed up at Cooke's door to seize her passport too. At the HUAC hearings, she pleaded the 5th; in the 70s, she worked on Angela Davis’s legal defense team.
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/19/2019: Blanca Canales

A Puerto Rican nationalist, Canales was active in the Daughters of Freedom, the women-only branch of the Nationalist Party’s military. In 1950, the Nationalists led a series of uprisings to rid the archipelago of U.S. imperialism.
Canales was one of the leaders of El Grito de Jayuya or the Jayuya Uprising. In 1948 the legislature passed Ley 53, which outlawed all pro-independence speech & assembly; even displaying the Puerto Rican flag was forbidden. motherjones.com/media/2015/04/…
After months of stockpiling weapons at Canales’ house, the Jayuya Uprising (& the Revolts of 1950) began when members of the Nationalist party occupied the police station, cut telephone lines & set the post office on fire; a policeman was shot & killed.
During the struggle, Canales went to the central square, hoisted up the flag & declared Puerto Rico a free republic. The gov't responded with heavy bombing, the Nationalists were forced to surrender, & Canales was arrested & sentenced to life in prison. newyorker.com/news/news-desk…
Canales served 17 years in prison before being fully pardoned. She died in 1996, a fervent advocate of independence until the end.

(Want to learn more about the protests happening in Puerto Rico today? @democracynow’s coverage has been fantastic.) democracynow.org/2019/7/18/seg_…
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/20/2019: Berta Cáceres.

Cáceres was a Lenca environmental & Indigenous rights activist in Honduras. Over two decades of activism, she organized against illegal logging projects, U.S. military bases on Lenca land, & the Agua Zarca dam. theguardian.com/world/2015/apr…
“These are centuries-old ills, a product of domination. There is a racist system in place that sustains & reproduces itself...a project of domination...of the turning over of the riches & sovereignty of the land to corporate capital…” — Berta Cáceres. zinnedproject.org/materials/bert…
Cáceres was murdered two days before her 45th birthday. amnesty.org/en/latest/news…
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/21/2019: Dawn Bohulano Mabalon.

A co-founder of Little Manila Rising (@littlemanila), Mabalon's activism centered on Stockton’s Little Manila, home to the largest population of Filipinos (outside of the Philippines) from the 1920s-1960s. littlemanila.org
In 2013, Dr. Mabalon published Little Manila Is in the Heart, her history of the community & city in which she, a third-generation Pinay, was born & raised. The book’s title, of course, echoed the 1943 Carlos Bulosan classic, America Is in the Heart. kqed.org/news/109044/st…
A friend of Mabalon’s reported she got pushback: “Some academics thought it wasn’t academic enough to include her personal story, to write from a point of view. But if you represent a community that’s almost been destroyed, you don’t have that luxury.” kqed.org/news/11687433/…
Mabalon died way, way, way too young. You can read a complete obituary with wonderful photos at the Manila Rising website. littlemanila.org/dawn
We've still got 10 days in July—that's 10 more #WomanOfTheDay entries. So I'll be back tomorrow with another one.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/22/2019: Merle Woo.

Sometimes called “an outspoken Marxist lesbian feminist,” Woo is an activist, poet, & professor. As a student, she was part of the Third World Liberation Front strikes at Berkeley; as a professor, Berkeley fired her (twice) for her politics. Merle Woo, from Imagery: Women Writers<br />
1996, © Jean Weisinger
I first learned about Woo when I read (in a life-changing turn of events in college) the anthology, This Bridge Called My Back. Woo’s contribution is the GORGEOUS & GUTTING “Letter to Ma.” Haven’t read it? Get on that. It’s as poignant & relevant today as it was in 1980.
Woo also shows up in @teachingchange's lesson Women Make History, a fabulous collection of women activists. teachingforchange.org/women-make-his…
I'll be back tomorrow with another #WomanOfTheDay!
#WomanOfTheDay 7/23/2019: Carrie Buck

I hesitated to make Buck a WoD, since her fame is tied almost exclusively to her victimization, but my students are always deeply moved (& surprised) by her story. Carrie Buck was forcibly sterilized by the State of Virginia in 1927.
Buck’s fallopian tubes were severed after the Supreme Court's 1927 ruling in Buck v. Bell. The case stemmed from Virginia’s 1924 law which allowed the state to sterilize people with “idiocy, imbecility, feeble-mindedness or epilepsy.” pbs.org/independentlen…
Buck v. Bell was a sham. The “challenge” to the VA law was brought by eugenicists looking to get the Court’s endorsement of their racist, nativist, sexist project. Carrie Buck was “represented” by the very men who deemed her “feebleminded” & “promiscuous.” npr.org/sections/healt…
I’m a teacher so I'll throw in this horrifying tidbit. At the initial trial, to “prove” Buck’s promiscuity, one of her teachers testified Carrie passed notes to boys at school. This was “proof” of the sexual profligacy she’d “inherited” from her mother. exhibits.hsl.virginia.edu/eugenics/3-buc…
Referring to Carrie, her daughter, Vivian, and Carrie’s mother, Emma, Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr. wrote that "Three generations of imbeciles are enough.”
npr.org/2018/04/23/604…
The ruling has never been overturned. The racist rhetoric & policy fueling sterilization (of poor whites, immigrants, Black & Native ppl) is still very much alive. (Check out N. Carolina's efforts toward reckoning with its history of sterilizations.) rewire.news/article/2017/0…
Still plenty of women out there to be celebrated, remembered, learned about, amplified, & loved on, so I will be back tomorrow with another #WomanOfTheDay.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/24/2019: Mae Mallory (of course).

The same year (1927) that yesterday’s WoD, Carrie Buck, was forcibly sterilized, Mallory was born in Macon, Georgia. When Mallory was a small child, a white woman tried to feed her maggots. She was characteristically defiant. From Kristopher Bryan Burrell's chapter in The Stranger Careers of the Jim Crow North.<br />
Mallory’s family moved to Brooklyn in the 1930s. There, Mallory continued to build her Curriculum Vitae of Defiance as a student facing the racism of her teachers. Kristopher Bryan Burrell shares some of these formative moments in The Strange Careers of the Jim Crow North.
In the 1950s, now a mother, Mallory became an educational activist. She traveled to Albany to seek state intervention toward improving her kids’ dilapidated school; there, she was called a “troublemaker” and a Communist. That was only the beginning. whatshernamepodcast.com/mae-mallory/
Mallory sued the NYC Board of Education in 1957, claiming its zoning policies kept Black children in inferior, segregated schools. She & 8 other mothers became the “Harlem Nine.” They also led a school boycott, a precursor to the better-known 1964 walkout. wnyc.org/story/school-b…
In the 1960s, she went south to protect Freedom Riders. After an attack on the activists, Mallory was arrested for kidnapping a white couple (she didn’t). Sentenced to 20 yrs., she was freed in 1965 when a judge ruled Black people were systematically excluded from her jury.
Dr. Ashley Farmer says, “Mallory consistently inserted herself into male-dominated discourses about the direction of the black struggle & perpetually re-contextualized black oppression from the perspective of working-class African-American women.” aaihs.org/mae-mallory-fo…
I'll be back tomorrow with another #WomanOfTheDay.
#WomanOfTheDay 7/25/2019: Denice Frohman.

@denicefrohman's website says, “Denice Frohman is a poet, performer, and educator from New York City.” I’ll leave it at that and just link to a few of her poems that, even when they go viral, never get old.
Dear Straight People.
Accents.
No Child Left Behind (w/Dominique Christina).
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow & just a reminder that I made a moment to keep track of all the folx I have profiled! twitter.com/i/moments/1152…
#WomanOfTheDay 7/26/2019: Elizabeth Fink.

Named by her lefty parents after Elizabeth Gurley Flynn, Fink took her namesake’s politics to heart. In 1974, only days out law school, she joined the Attica Brothers Legal Defense Committee.
I first learned about Fink when I read Heather Ann Thompson’s (@hthompsn) wonderful history of the Attica Uprising, Blood in the Water.
Fink pursued justice for the Attica brothers for over 25 years, finally winning an $8 million settlement from the state (plus $4 million in legal fees) in 2000. nytimes.com/2000/01/05/nyr…
She told her college alumni magazine that a prosecutor once accused her of “jeopardizing the Republic.” Fink said, “I took that to be one of the best compliments I have ever received. Jeopardizing the Republic. I think I’d like that on my tombstone.” reed.edu/reed_magazine/…
I'll be back with another #WomanOfTheDay tomorrow & I made a moment to keep track of all the folx I have profiled! twitter.com/i/moments/1152…
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