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1/ This is part nine of my Twitter “Book Review” of C. Peter Wagner’s edited volume: “Supernatural Forces in Spiritual Warfare.” This thread will focus on chapter 9 by F. Douglas Pennoyer entitled: "In Dark Dungeons of Collective Captivity."
2/ If you haven’t read my first eight threads on this book, you can access them freely on my blog at the following link: 👉 bit.ly/2NGj6xo

3/ In response to a poll I did a while ago, I decided to do this series of threads on "Spiritual Warfare."

4/ Pennoyer begins his chapter by saying that little “attention has focused on the collective impact of demonized individuals in their society or subculture… What are some of the features of a society or subculture where the majority of individuals are demonized?” (229).
5/ Pennoyer will then set out to narrate some of his personal encounters with an isolated society, the Tawbuid of Mindoro, Philippines, to help “discuss the concept of collective captivity, the idea that demons working through individuals can control the society to some extent...
6/ ...and actively use the system to prevent the gospel light from penetrating into members’ lives” (230). He will then describe the Tawbuid’s worldview (233-235): “Strangers are assumed to be kidnappers, disease carriers, or evil spirits… Fear of spirits drive the people to...
7/ ...these intense ritual actions, some daily, some dependent on special circumstances, and some correlated with the seasonal cultivation cycles…… Every facet of life is so integrated with the spirit world that they seldom offer a natural cause-and-effect reason for...
8/ ...any life situation” (233). “In some societies like the Tawbuid, all social, political, economic, religious, and even artistic subsystems of culture are actually manipulated and controlled by demons acting through individuals” (235).
9/ According to Pennoyer, “individuals within these societies live in a kind of collective captivity in which all transitions in the life cycle – for example, birth, puberty, marriage, and death – are surrounded with evil spirit rituals. Spirit guides are acquired or...
10/ ...inherited at specific stages in this life cycle” (235). He states that “cultural systems are not inherently evil, but the combined activity of demonized individuals, leading others in traditionally demonic activities, creates collective captivity” (236).
11/ Pennoyer then quotes biblical passages to support his ideas (237-238). He will spend some time describing what he calls “features of collective captivity” (237-244). The first feature is related to the “demonization of the leadership.” He says, “household, village, and...
12/ ...larger territorial group leaders may all be demonized, as well as a variety of specialists… This means that the social, religious, and political leadership of everyday events is effectively manipulated by demons” (238). The second feature concerns “demonic bonding,”...
13/ ...where “many individuals in the society or subculture are not only demonized but have bonded with their demons.” He then proceeds with a long unverifiable anecdote to prove his point (238-244). It sounds a bit like some of the biblical stories about exorcism.
14/ The third feature is what Pennoyer calls “cognitive captivity,” which he says “can also be called the busy mind syndrome… (where) demons keep the individual’s mind or thoughts captive. First demons may monopolize the individual’s time with intensive rituals and lengthy...
15/ ...interaction with the spirit world… Second, the demons may work to deeper depth of perception in the thought processes through elaborate symbolic systems” (241). The fourth feature is “demonic counteraction against divine intercession.” He says that “to counteract…
16/ ...and to call into question the primacy and exclusivity of God’s Word, demons are active in the creation of oral literature, such as written religious dogma and worship liturgy… [D]emons may work with individuals providing them with counterfeit gifts and power” (241-243).
17/ The fifth feature focuses on “dominant societal characteristics.” Here, Pennoyer says that, “demons may tighten collective captivity by initiating or reinforcing certain societal characteristics. The Tawbuid are characterized by a dominant theme of fear…
18/ ... In other societies, demons may strive to accentuate illicit sex, deceit, or other sinful activity” (243-244). Pennoyer then talks about the ways to change collective captivity: “First death, the termination of the individual’s earthly existence;...
19/ ...second transferring kingdoms, or moving from darkness to light through salvation in Christ; third transferring dungeons, or simply modifying or exchanging one belief system to another” (244).
20/ According to Pennoyer, one can discern the four stages of what he calls a “captivity cycle” from reading the story of the Fall in Genesis 3:1-7. See the description of these stages in these two screenshots below. 👇👇
21/ Pennoyer ends his chapter by stating that divine power is needed to break out of the dungeons of darkness: “We must learn to work with the Spirit’s power, for no other power will break the captives out of the dungeon” (247).
22/ Charles H. Kraft, who wrote extensively on Spiritual Warfare, provides a response to Pennoyer’s paper. Kraft is known for his very influential book, “Christianity with Power,” and more recently, “The Evangelical’s Guide to Spiritual Warfare.”
23/ Here are the main points of his response. On p.250, Kraft, speaking for Western Christians, mentions the need to understand “the intense concern for spiritual power on the part of people to whom we go… come to more accurately see how they perceive who we are and what we do.”
24/ Like Pennoyer, he believes that the idea of “demonic structures” is a misguided concept: “When we talk about the possibility of demonic control over cultural behavior… we are talking about control over people and their habits, not some mystical infestation of systems and...
25/ ...patterns. As Dr. Pennoyer suggests, it is the people who become demonized in anti-God ways, these people can be moved by the power of God out of the dungeons of captivity… They can be free to use almost all the same structures to serve God…
26/ ...Satanic control is, therefore, over a society, a people. It is not over a culture, a structured system” (252-253). I’ll end the content of the “book review” here, but I have just two brief observations concerning the article.
27/ First, this is a prime example of how “Spiritual Warfare” is a tool for spiritual colonialism. The end result will be the NAR’s colonizing theology. You can check out the video I did on this some time ago.

28/ Second, The idea of using the “same structures” to serve God is really what is at the heart of the 7 Mountains Mandate/Mountains of Culture (Religion, Education, Family, Business, Media, Arts and Entertainment, and Government), where the goal of Charismatic Dominionists is...
29/ ...to occupy each “mountain” in order to bring about their form of social transformation. This is at the root of Charismatic Dominionism; you can't “conquer the land” without confronting the "cosmic powers.”

I’ll end the thread here; a review of ch. 10 will soon be posted.
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