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I was reading about Colonel Munro yesterday and found the exact reason why Devaswom Boards (Travancore Temple) was created and how it helped Travancore Kingdom. Let's bust the Sanghi lie #Thread

Temple Revenue : Rs. 2802 in 1807-08
Temple Revenue : Rs. 446600 in 1812-13
Following the invasion of Tipu Sultan, the Travancore British treaty was signed in 1795, wherein Travancore was to pay the East India Company for military support

Balarama Varma, the reigning Raja of Travancore then had to sign the subsidiary treaty in 1805
Rs. 8 lacs per year. That was the amount that Travancore had to pay EIC as per the Travancore British treaty of 1795.

The King defaulted on the payments many times and the resident Col Macaulay protested. It was at this juncture that the revolt by Dewan Veluthampi started.
Veluthampi was defeated in 1809 by the British, and normalcy descended on Travancore after 4 years of strife (1805-1809)

But the kingdom was in turmoil. Corruption, abuse of power and irregularities pervaded the whole service. The whole kingdom was deep in debt.
When Col. Munro assumed charge as Resident in Travancore in Oct 1810, he found Maharaja Balarama Varma as a very weak ruler, overshadowed by his corrupted Dewan, Ummini Thampi.

The British also imposed a war fine of 1,80,000 pagodas (expenses connected with Velu Tampi's revolt)
After the succession problem (Rani Gouri Lakshmi Bai) and the dismissal of the unpopular and corrupt Dewan Umnini Thampi (banished to Nellore in 1813), Col Munro faced a huge challenge to save the debt ridden Travancore Kingdom.

His solution was the Govt takeover of Temples.
Several temples in Travancore possessed enormous wealth and property which were mismanaged by the Uralar Sabha.

Uralar Sabha were Executive Committee of the Temples, which were under the control of traditional Nampoothiri Brahmin families.
Munro's order in 1811 regarding the take over of the Temples, stated that it was by virtue of its right as Melkoyma that the Government was taking over the management of the temples, to prevent their mismanagement.

Time proved that he was right.
Temple Revenue : Rs. 2802 in 1807-08
Temple Revenue : Rs. 446600 in 1812-13

The revenue collected by the Temple increased 200 times with a span of 24 months, which clearly showed that there was serious mismanagement.
I would recommend everyone to read more about Col John Munro and why Lakshmi Bai considered him as her brother and a saviour of Travancore.


A tragic decade in Kerala History – TP Sankarankutty Nair
Land, labour and migrations - VJ Varghese

Also the lower caste Hindus of Kerala (42% of Kerala's population) were not allowed to enter temples in Travancore till 1936 and in Malabar & Cochin till 1947.

All this Sanghi bullshit about Devaswom boards is a ploy eyeing the riches of the temples, just like the Uralar Sabha .
There were few more reforms by Munro which improved the financial stability of Travancore.

In order to remove the confusion in administrative system, Munro abolished Pravartikars. Munro also separated financial department from the Huzur court. Created a Single public treasury.
Before he left, Munro made sure that the future Dewans of Travancore were always non Travancoreans and had a reformed westernized outlook.
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