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#MaryamNawaz, the PMLN, their media friends and supporters have been casting aspersions on Prime Minister #ImranKhan reg an old news report in which he proposes a three-tier solution of #KashmirIssue. Thread with a bit of historical context to help understand the rationale. 👇
The first thing that needs to be understood is that Gilgit-Baltistan, Azad Kashmir and Indian Administered Kashmir (which includes Kashmir, Jammu and Ladhak) are part of the greater Kashmir area. Each of these areas are more or less disputed.
Azad Kashmir, Indian Kashmir, and Gilgit-Baltistan are Muslim majority areas with over 95% Muslim population in each area. On the other hand, Jammu and Ladhak are Hindu and Buddhist majority areas respectively.
According to 1901 census, greater Kashmir had 74% Muslim population which had grown to 77% in 1947. After partition in August 1947, Kashmir's ruler Hari Singh initially wanted remain independent despite wishes of majority population.
On October 21, 1947 Pathan warriors of tribal militias from Afghanistan border entered Kashmir to aid local population and pressurise Hari Singh into acceding to Pakistan, as his people wished. This move was not initially backed by the newly created Government of Pakistan.
Hari Singh, fearing for his rule over the land, asked India to help him out. Lord Mountbatten, their Governor General, took advantage of the situation by agreeing to help on the condition that Hari Singh accede to India. Hari Singh succumbed under pressure and decided to accede.
Maharaja Hari Singh signed the controversial Instrument of Accession of Kashmir on 27 October 1947, which was accepted by India's Governor General Lord Mountbatten "pending a reference to the people of Kashmir (i.e. plebiscite)" and Indian troops were dropped into Kashmir.
This led to Gilgit-Baltistan breaking away from Kashmir after a mutiny started by the locals aided by Gilgit Scouts in November 1947, and its subsequent accession with Pakistan. Pakistan army officially entered the war in May 1948. It was India which first took the matter to UN.
Consequently, a ceasefire line was established in July 1949, establishing Azad Kashmir and Indian Administered Kashmir. The UN-supervised ceasefire asked Pakistan to withdraw its army from Kashmir and India to reduce its military to a minimum, after which the referendum happens.
To this day, neither Pakistan nor India has done its part owing to the sense of deep mistrust between the neighbours. Hence, no plebiscite. This has made the dispute drag for seven decades - a very long time - with no end in sight.
Our approach over the last seventy years has been decidedly singular and a military one. As Albert Einstein said, doing the same thing over and over again and expecting a different result is insanity. This gives weight to the idea that a different approach is needed.
In comes Imran Khan, who has been famously against military solutions, be it Afghanistan, Waziristan or Kashmir. He proposed to divide the greater Kashmir area into individual regions: Gilgit-Baltistan with Pakistan, independent Kashmir Valley, and Jammu/Ladhak with India.
After all these years Gilgit-Baltistan has yet to completely merge into Pakistan, and India still resents its accession with Pakistan. Imran Khan's solution, if agreed by all, would pave way to a full merger into Pakistan and put Indian objections reg Gilgit-Baltistan to an end.
~8m people of Kashmir residing along the Line of Control are most affected by this long-standing dispute. Many demand freedom from India, some declare love for Pakistan, while others cannot stand either and want independence, which IK proposed. That, or a referendum makes sense.
Jammu and Ladhak have 70% and 53% non-Muslim population respectively. Ladhak is a relatively peaceful area with minimal unrest. Jammu, owning to its proximity to Kashmir, is not as lucky. Imran Khan proposed that these areas be given to India. Again, makes sense.
The proposed solution is brilliant, in my opinion. Since a political settlement is the only way forward, both sides would've to grow up and accept the fact that some compromises are needed. All criticism and unfounded allegations by #MaryamNawaz-led group is unnecessary.
In the end, Prime Minister Imran Khan reiterated only a few weeks earlier at US Institute of Peace, in the end only Kashmiris should decide what happens to Kashmir.
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