My Authors
Read all threads
An anecdote on nationalism and empire:

Near the turn of the 17th century, the Neapolitan theologian Tommaso Campanella OP wrote to his ruler, Philip I of Naples (and II of Spain), asking him for suppression of the Neapolitan language and its replacement with Castilian.
He argued that by permitting a diversity of tongues in his empire, Philip was preventing a more perfect union of all peoples, and because Neapolitan (Campanella’s mother tongue) was a less extended tongue, as well as allegedly barbarous, it was ripe for annihilation.
The King replied (likely years later, with his usual bureaucratic circumspection) denying the request in the most absolute terms. He said that he was, for Campanella, not the king of Castile, but of Naples, and would rule the land in accordance with its own ancient laws & ways.
Castile was, as it were, captain of the king’s dominions, but that they shared the same ruler meant only a joint fidelity to the same person, not an implicit supremacy of one over the other. Their unity was not cultural or genetic, but based on two transcendent principles:
(1) faith in the same God and (2) personal fealty to the same king.

In his “De monarchia hispanica”, Campanella later argued, in admiration of this model, for the primacy of the Catholic Monarchy, subject to the spiritual power of the Pope, in the universal political order.
He came to see, in Philip’s reply, that it was not the model of a kingdom, nation, or volk dominating the world, but of an empire capable of containing and incorporating many kingdoms and peoples, and dedicated to the creation, maintenance, and expansion of a Christian Republic.
The ideal of a “federative and missionary monarchy” with universal vocation (indeed it was always known as the “Catholic”, not the “Hispanic Monarchy”), which is the true meaning of the history of Spain.
Missing some Tweet in this thread? You can try to force a refresh.

Enjoying this thread?

Keep Current with Rafael de Arízaga

Profile picture

Stay in touch and get notified when new unrolls are available from this author!

Read all threads

This Thread may be Removed Anytime!

Twitter may remove this content at anytime, convert it as a PDF, save and print for later use!

Try unrolling a thread yourself!

how to unroll video

1) Follow Thread Reader App on Twitter so you can easily mention us!

2) Go to a Twitter thread (series of Tweets by the same owner) and mention us with a keyword "unroll" @threadreaderapp unroll

You can practice here first or read more on our help page!

Follow Us on Twitter!

Did Thread Reader help you today?

Support us! We are indie developers!


This site is made by just three indie developers on a laptop doing marketing, support and development! Read more about the story.

Become a Premium Member ($3.00/month or $30.00/year) and get exclusive features!

Become Premium

Too expensive? Make a small donation by buying us coffee ($5) or help with server cost ($10)

Donate via Paypal Become our Patreon

Thank you for your support!