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The final list of Assam’s National Register of Citizens will be released tomorrow. The fate of over four million people hangs in balance. A population half the size of Switzerland. Will they be counted as Indian citizens?

A #thread on possibly the largest citizenship screening drive in the world.

The NRC is meant to be a list of Indian citizens living in Assam. One of the stated aims of the exercise is to sift between citizens and so-called “illegal migrants”.

Read this explainer on NRC.… #TheFinalCount
The first NRC was prepared in Assam in 1951. Little is known about the exercise which was conducted as part of the first census of independent India in the aftermath of the Partition, writes @p_semolina.… #TheFinalCount
Why is Assam updating the 1951 NRC? To identify “illegal migrants”, many who are believed to have poured into Assam after the Bangladesh War of 1971.

Here is a visual timeline.… #TheFinalCount
The decision to update the NRC was taken in 2005.
It was the long-delayed impact of the anti-foreigners’ agitation in Assam, which culminated in 1985 Assam Accord. It called for the identification and expulsion of those who entered the state after March 24, 1971.

NRC takes its definition of illegal migrants from the 1985 Assam Accord.

You could be born in India in 1971 to parents who crossed the border that year and still be termed an illegal migrant at the age of 48.

Take this quiz to see if you qualify.…
NRC sprang from a political demand that undocumented migrants be driven out of the state, but the Supreme Court has been the motive force behind the exercise starting 2005.

@sruthisagar explains how its hardline stance deepened the flaws in NRC.…
The decision to update the NRC was taken at a meeting in 2005 chaired by then PM Manmohan Singh. In 2011, the state started consultations with civil society groups.

One of the recommendations was that DNA testing be allowed to prove parentage.…
But the final rules of NRC do not allow for DNA testing.

You need legacy documents to prove your ancestors lived in India before 1971 and link documents to prove you are related to the legacy person.…

As a result, many people whose families have been living in Assam for generations have been unable to prove their citizenship claims and have been left out of the draft NRC.

This includes the family of a former Indian President.…

In our #HumansOfAssam series, read the stories of people struggling to prove their Indian citizenship: a BJP leader, the family of a freedom fighter, an Assamese man who took part in the anti-foreigners movement.…

In our #DeathByCitizenship series, read the stories of people who ended their lives in Assam consumed by anxiety over proving they and their families were Indian citizens.…

Read all our coverage on NRC here… (including the story of how children are affected by it.)

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