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🤔...A ”bastardized interpretation of the 2nd Amendment” THREAD

I don’t use bastardized interpretations of the Constitution as I use the Founders thoughts on writing the Constitution as documented in the Federalist Papers and decisions of the Supreme Court.
The 2nd Amendment was based partially on the right to keep & bear arms in English common law & was influenced by the English Bill of Rights of 1689. Sir William Blackstone described this right as an auxiliary right, supporting the natural rights of self-defense & resistance to...
...oppression, & the civic duty to act in concert in defense of the state. Any labels of rights as auxiliary must be viewed in the context of the inherent purpose of a Bill of Rights, which is to empower a group with the ability to achieve a mutually desired outcome, & not to...
...necessarily enumerate or rank the importance of rights. Thus, all rights enumerated in a Constitution are thus auxiliary in the eyes of Sir William Blackstone because all rights are only as good as the extent they are exercised in fact. While both James Monroe & John Adams...
...supported the Constitution being ratified, its most influential framer was James Madison. In Federalist No. 46, Madison wrote how a federal army could be kept in check by state militias, "a standing army...would be opposed [by] a militia."
He argued that state militias "would be able to repel the danger" of a federal army, "It may well be doubted, whether a militia thus circumstanced could ever be conquered by such a proportion of regular troops." He contrasted the federal government of the United States to...
...the European kingdoms, which he described as "afraid to trust the people with arms," & assured that "the existence of subordinate governments...forms a barrier against the enterprises of ambition". By January 1788, Delaware, Pennsylvania, New Jersey, Georgia & Connecticut...
...ratified the Constitution without insisting upon amendments. Several amendments were proposed, but were not adopted at the time the Constitution was ratified. For example, the Pennsylvania convention debated fifteen amendments, one of which concerned the...
...right of the people to be armed, another with the militia. The Massachusetts convention ratified the Constitution with an attached list of proposed amendments. The ratification convention was so evenly divided between those for & against the Constitution the federalists...
The Second Amendment was relatively uncontroversial at the time of its ratification. Robert Whitehill, a delegate from Pennsylvania, sought to clarify the draft Constitution with a bill of rights explicitly granting individuals the right to hunt on their own land in season.
Whitehill's language was never debated. There was substantial opposition to the new Constitution, because it moved the power to arm the state militias from the states to the federal government. A foundation of American political thought during the Revolutionary period was...
...concerned about political corruption & governmental tyranny. The federalists, fending off opponents accusing them of creating an oppressive regime, were careful to acknowledge the risks of tyranny. The framers saw the personal right to bear arms as a check against tyranny.
George Mason argued the importance of the militia & right to bear arms by reminding his compatriots of England's efforts "to disarm the people; that it was the best and most effectual way to enslave them ... by totally disusing & neglecting the militia."
Writing after the ratification of the Constitution, but before the election of the first Congress, James Monroe included "the right to keep & bear arms" in a list of basic "human rights", he proposed to be added to the Constitution. Patrick Henry argued in the Virginia...
...ratification convention on June 5, 1788, for the dual rights to arms and resistance to oppression. The enrolled original Joint Resolution passed by Congress on September 25, 1789, on permanent display in the Rotunda, reads as, “A well regulated militia, being necessary to...
...the security of a free State, the right of the People to keep and bear arms, shall not be infringed. On December 15, 1791, the Bill of Rights was adopted, having been ratified by three-fourths of the states, having been ratified as a group by all the fourteen states then...
...in existence except Connecticut, Massachusetts, and Georgia – which added ratifications in 1939. 10 U.S. Code § 246. Militia: Composition & classes defines militia as, “The militia of the United States consists of all able-bodied males at least 17 years of age &, except...
”...as provided in section 313 of Title 32, under 45 years of age who are, or who have made a declaration of intention to become, citizens of the United States & of female citizens of the United States who are members of the National Guard. The classes of the militia are the...
”...organized militia, which consists of the National Guard & the Naval Militia; & the unorganized militia, which consists of the members of the militia who are not members of the National Guard or the Naval Militia.” This, ages restrictions over 17 are likely unconstitutional.
The Oxford English Dictionary defines "arms" as "weapons, weapons of war, weaponry, firearms, guns, ordnance, cannon, artillery, armaments, munitions, instruments of war, war machines, military supplies, and materiel."
In United States v. Cruikshank (1876), the Supreme Court ruled, "The right to bear arms is not granted by the Constitution; neither is it in any manner dependent upon that instrument for its existence. The Second Amendments [sic] means no more than that it shall not be...
...infringed by Congress, and has no other effect than to restrict the powers of the National Government." In District of Columbia v. Heller (2008), the Supreme Court held the amendment protects an individual right to possess and carry firearms. Not related to militia.
In (2010), the Court clarified its earlier decisions that limited the amendment's impact to a restriction on the federal government, expressly holding that the Due Process Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment incorporates the Second Amendment against state and local governments.
In Caetano v. Massachusetts (2016) the Supreme Court reiterated its earlier rulings that "the Second Amendment extends, prima facie [based on the first impression; accepted as correct until proved otherwise], to all instruments that constitute bearable arms...
“... even “those that were not in existence at the time of the founding" and that its protection is not limited to "only those weapons useful in warfare." In Cohens v. Virginia (1821) SCOTUS ruled state laws in opposition to national laws are void.

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