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A thread on the #NRC. Young India must educate itself and understand the nuances of it.
It is the product of the Assam Agitation (1979-1985). The Agitation ended with the signing of the Assam Accord (1985).
The roots of the agitation can be traced to the issue of changes... 1/n
in the ethnic composition of the state. There isn't any consensus on the sheer magnitude of migration which took place in waves, major ones include-during the time when the British established tea plantations, then during the Partition and finally in 1971 Bangladesh War...2/n
Anup Saikia pegs the migration into Assam during 1971-1991 as 1.4 million.
H. Srikanth writes that this influx of migrants made the Assamese people very insecure of their own identity vis-à-vis that of the "educated Hindu Bengalis, the hardworking Muslim peasants." 3/n
"Their sense of insecurity and feeling of alienation made them conscious of their own identity."
The problem started when a huge spike in the number of voters was seen in the Mangaldoi constituency. The All Assam Students Union (AASU) called for a 12 hour general strike...4/n
Thus began the Assam Agitation. It is believed that the leaders of the movement deliberately exaggerated the number of illegal immigrants in order to stir public sentiment. Exactly what Shah and the BJP are trying to do in 2019. 5/n
The bloodiest massacre of erstwhile East Bengali Muslims took place on 18th February 1983 in Nellie in central Assam. Different death toll estimates exist but most peg the number of deaths (including women and children) to 1200-3000. 6/n
1. The Assam Accord decreed that 1.1.1966 would be the base year to detect foreigners.
2. All those who entered Assam before 1.1.1966 shall be regularised.
3. People who came after 1.1.1966 upto 24.3.1971 shall be detected & disenfranchised for 10 years. 7/n
4. "Foreigners who came to Assam on or after March 25, 1971 shall continue to be detected, deleted and expelled in accordance with law. Immediate and practical steps shall be taken to expel such foreigners." 8/n
Doubtful citizens were categorised as "D Voters".
Foreigners Tribunals were set up across the state, at present there are 100 and 400 more are being created. People have questioned the constitutionality, functioning and conduct of these quasi-judicial bodies. 9/n
The first NRC was prepared in the year 1951 using census slips.
The NRC at this time wasn't a public document.
The AASU demanded in 1990 that the NRC be updated.
In 1999, the central government decided to begin the process but no significant action was taken till 2010.. 10/n
In April 2010, a pilot project for updating began in Barpeta and Chaygaon. 4 people died in Chaygaon and the process was halted.
In 2013, the SC directed the centre to begin the process in right earnest.
Since 2014, the NRC became a court monitored process. 11/n
On31st December 2017, the draft NRC was published with the names of 1.9 crore of the total 3.29 crore applications. On30th July 2018, another list was published that excluded 40 lakh people.
The "final" NRC was published on 31st August 2019 & 19.06 Lakh people were excluded 12/n
Those excluded account for about 6% of the population of Assam.
The NRC authorities have said that even if a name is included, it can be excluded anytime under specific conditions.
This will have deeply damaging psychological effects as people are in constant fear. 13/n
The BJP is at the helm of pushing the Citizenship (Amendment) Bill, which proposes to "permit members of six communities- Hindu, Sikh, Buddhist, Jain, Parsi and Christian- from Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan eligible for citizenship if they had entered the country... 14/n
before December 14, 2014.
The Bill is designed to discriminate against Muslims. The bill failed in the Rajya Sabha however Amit Shah has hinted at its reintroduction. 15/n
Ditilekha Sharma from TISS Mumbai writes that the NRC is inherently exclusionary. People living in flood prone areas find it more difficult to save documents required to provide legacy data. 16/n
Muslim women and Bengali Hindu women have to undergo stringent verification processes as opposed to others even if they provide the same documents. Women (after marriage) also find it difficult to submit documents that link them to legacy holders of their family. 17/n
Many complained of having to go to the other end of the state for NRC hearings and were informed very late about them, hence they used unsafe modes of travel. Many deaths have been reported due to accidents while rushing for hearings. 18/n
#NRC Assam has 6 detention centres to hold "foreigners". Another 11 (one the size of 7 football fields to house 3000 people) are going to be constructed. Several deaths have been reported in detention centres including that of a 45 day old baby and an 85 year old man. 19/n
As @harsh_mander writes that Foreigners Tribunals continue to the deliver the "death-knell of foreignness", we must remember that the world is watching as India commits a travesty of human rights. 20/n
Here is a collection of useful papers about Assam, the Agitation and the Accord.
drive.google.com/folderview?id=…
Everything that I have said is from the sources in these pictures. As a student of History, I care about verifiability unlike most people on the internet today.
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