, 36 tweets, 9 min read
Since reading has become a habit reduced to tweets among many, I thought it useful to present some excerpts from Prof Meenakshi Jain's books on Ayodhya - "Rama and Ayodhya" and "The Battle for Rama".
Longish thread coming up.
My reviews of both books were published in @IndiaFactsOrg
First, Babar's outlook changed from a conqueror to a religious fanatic after his victories in India:
"Meenakshi Jain notes that while Babur had initially based his claims to sovereignty on “grounds of his Timurid heritage
" and Turkishness,” this changed after his conquest of India – he would refer to Hindus as “kafirs,” and “termed the war against Rana Sangha as “jihad.”"
Babar's record of temple destruction was entirely consistent with similar acts by Islamic invaders, Aibak in 1194CE, Aurangzeb, Razia Sultana being just three examples over the centuries.
Similar were the efforts by Hindus to reclaim and rebuild temples as Mughal rule declined over parts of India. The Rajputs, Holkars, Peshwa being prominent examples.
Sawai Jai Singh is one such prominent Rajput.
The Ajmer ruler Jai Singh also purchased land and established Jaisinghpurias at almost all important religious centres in North India. Academics who studied surviving documents were able to show that Rama Janmasthana in Ayodhya was situated in Jaisinghpuria.
The documents showed that this land was acquired by Sawai Jai Singh in CE 1717, and the ownership of the Rama Janmasthana land was vested in the deity.
Furthermore, the “Janmasthan at Ayodhya was owned by the Kachhwahas of Amer-Jaipur in perpetuity, and their hereditary title of ownership was recognised…… and enforced by the Mughal State from CE 1717, when the grant was originally made.”
And now a few tweets on Irfan Habib, a blot on academics and a shame to the field of history.
The cabal comprising of Habib, Thapar, and other rogues had argued that no temple or structure had ever existed beneath the Babri mosque.
A project done by Prof. B. B. Lal over a five-year period between 1975 and 1980, titled, “Archaeology of the Ramayana Sites,” revealed the existence of not only the settlement of Ayodhya going back to at least the seventh century, BCE, but also a temple beneath the Babri mosque.
Though this had been published in Indian Archaeology 1976-77 – A Review in 1980, all hell broke loose only after Prof Lal presented a paper on the same topic at a seminar organized by the Indian Council of Historical Research (ICHR) in October 1988.
Not only did the rogues' gallery of historians, led by Habib, Sharma, Romila Thapar and others continue to argue that no temple had existed beneath the Babri mosque, their derangement went one step further.
They argued that perhaps there were no temples in all of Ayodhya!
“Though we do not deny the possibility of the presence of temples in an ancient city like Ayodhya, despite our frantic and continuous search for the presence of a temple at the Babri site for the last twenty-two months, so far we have not been favoured with any luck.”
Now, after the Babri mosque was demolished on Dec 6, 1992, a stone slab was recovered from the debris, measuring approximately 5 feet by 2.25 feet.
The eminent historians argued, without presenting any contrary evidence, that the slab was not from the site of the mosque.
Adding to the defence was Irfan Habib's confident assertion that the slab recovered was actually “brought from somewhere else.”
He then claimed that the slab was “from some private collection.”
Habib's final lie, an elaborate lie that would do a psychopath proud ran thus: the slab had been “surreptitiously removed from the Lucknow Museum and paraded off as a find from the Babri Masjid."
He stated that the slab was in reality from the site of the Treta ka Thakur temple, from where it had been moved to the Faizabad museum, then the Lucknow museum, and then planted at the Babri site.
It was Kishore Kunal, OSD (Ayodhya) under VP Singh & Chandra Shekhar, who published, “perhaps for the first time, a photograph of the Treta Ka Thakur inscription” at the Lucknow Museum. It matched exactly the description as recorded in the Annual Report of Lucknow Museum 1950-54.
For more than 10 years now, Irfan Habib and other eminent historians have neither apologized to the nation for their psychopathic lies, nor had the courage to come forward with an explanation for their lies.
And let's also dispense with the honesty and professional competence of a darling of some right-wingers, Prof Diana Eck.
She asserted in a book venerated by some RW-ers, "India: A Sacred Geography", that there never had been any temple under the Babri mosque. Not directly though.
She wrote - “archaeologist from the University of Allahabad wrote frankly in summarizing his findings, “There is not a single piece of evidence for the existence of a temple of brick, stone, or both.”"
Who was this 'archaeologist' that Diana Eck staked her professional reputation and integrity on?
D. Mandal.
This is what D Mandal stated, under oath, before the Allahabad High Court.
"I never visited Ayodhya."
"I do not have any specific knowledge of history of Babur’s reign."
"little knowledge I have about Babur is only that Babur was the ruler of the 16th century."
"I never acquired knowledge in archaeology."
"I did not get any degree or diploma in archae"
You can read my review of Prof Meenakshi Jain's book, "The Battle for Rama" on @IndiaFactsOrg at indiafacts.org/rama-ayodhya-b…
@IndiaFactsOrg And my earlier review of Prof Meenakshi Jain's "Rama and Ayodhya" on @IndiaFactsOrg at indiafacts.org/book-review-ra…
@IndiaFactsOrg Let's continue this thread and take a look at what was actually excavated.
In 2003, the Lucknow Bench of the Allahabad High Court of Uttar Pradesh ordered the Archaeological Survey of India to conduct the excavations in 2003. The ASI submitted its report in Aug 2005.
@IndiaFactsOrg The excavations were conducted on the “basis of a preliminary Ground Penetrating Radar survey of the area” and which “revealed a variety of anomalies possibly associated with ancient structures.“
@IndiaFactsOrg More critically, these excavations “were carried out in the close presence of judicial observers, advocates, parties and their nominees.“
But what about artifacts found during the excavations?
@IndiaFactsOrg “To maintain transparency, all excavated material had to be sealed in the presence of representatives of the parties and kept on the very day of recovery in the strong room provided by the Commissioner of Faizabad.“
@IndiaFactsOrg And what did the excavations discover?
This is what the ASI found at the 90 trenches it dug:
Period 1: The site was first occupied by Northern Black Polished Ware (NBPW)-using people in the first millennium BC (Period 1).
@IndiaFactsOrg Period 2: The next cultural occupation dated to the Shunga period (second-first century BC; Period II), when the site witnessed the first structural activity in stone and brick.
@IndiaFactsOrg Period 4: During the early medieval period (11th-12th century AD; Period IV), the remains of a huge structure, nearly 50 m in north-south orientation, were unearthed.
Note the time: 11-12th century CE
the discovery: "huge structure"
@IndiaFactsOrg On the remains of the above structure, a massive structure was constructed (Period VII, twelfth to sixteenth centuries)

This massive structure was different from residential structures and provided sufficient evidence of a construction for public use.
@IndiaFactsOrg It was over this massive structure that the Babri Masjid was constructed in the sixteenth century (Period VIII).

In other words, the excavations revealed that Babri Masjid was erected over, and with full knowledge of, a pre-existing structure.
@IndiaFactsOrg A site that had seen continuous occupation and activity for nearly three-thousand years was dismissed by renowned Indologist Diana Eck as "among the sleepiest sites in Ayodhya" and by Marxist historians as never having had any temple beneath the Babri mosque.
@IndiaFactsOrg You can find these and more in my review of Diana Eck's book, "India: A Sacred Geography" on @IndiaFactsOrg
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