#Patanjali

In recent times of Globalisation, every nation is trying to distribute the world what is their USP, what India is exporting to the whole world? The major contribution of India is giving Yoga to whole world.
You may run the whole day to achieve something, but happiness is not found in the shallow world. That is something internal and that can be discovered with the techniques of Yoga.
In ancient times India was the leader and the world is grateful to India for the greatest gift of all the times that is Yoga.

Maharishi Patanjali was the saint who is known for his treatise on Yoga, entitled “Patanjali Yoga Sutra”,
he was not only an authority on the Science of Yoga but was also a scientist and a doctor whose clarity and wisdom was remarkable. He also writes the commentary on Panini’s ashthadhyay.
Life of Patanjali

In some Sanskrit grammatical works, Patañjali is called "the man from Gonarda". Gonarda is the ancient name of Gonda - a district of Uttar Pradesh, about 50 km north of Ayodhya.
Greek chronicles mention about Patanjali when they laid their siege on Saket i.e. Ayodhya in 2nd century BC. This implies that Patanjali most probably was from Gonda, a district of immense importance where Buddha and Mahavira resided.
Maharishi Patanjali is said to be the incarnation of Anantha, the holy serpent on whom Maha Vishnu reclines in Yoga Nidra. According to another legend, seeing Vishnu enraptured watching the dance of Siva, Adisesha wanted to learn the dance so that he could please his ishavara.
Impressed by this, Vishnu blessed Adisesha and said that Siva would bless him for his devotion. He would take birth so that he could bless the human race and master the Art of Dance, said the ishawara.
It was at this time that a virtuous woman named Gonika, who was totally devoted to Yoga, was praying for a worthy son, with a handful of water, when she saw a tiny serpent moving in her hand. Very soon, it turned to human form.
This serpent was none other than Adisesha, who had incarnated as Patanjali.

Patanjali: The father of Yoga

Maharishi Patanjali prescribed the control of prana (life breath) as the means to control the body, mind and soul.
This subsequently rewards one with good health and inner happiness. Acharya Patanjali ‘s 84 yogic postures effectively enhance the efficiency of the respiratory, circulatory, nervous, digestive and endocrine systems and many other organs of the body.
Yoga has eight limbs where Acharya Patanjali shows the attainment of the ultimate bliss of God in samadhi through the disciplines of yam, niyam, asan, pranayam, pratyahar, dhyan and dharna.
The Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali are 196 Indian sutras (aphorisms) on Yoga. It was the most translated ancient Indian text in the medieval era, having been translated into about forty Indian languages and two non-Indian languages: Old Javanese and Arabic.
The text fell into obscurity for nearly 700 years from the 12th to 19th century and made a comeback in the late 19th century due to the efforts of Swami Vivekananda and others. It gained prominence again as a comeback classic in the 20th century.
Before the 20th century, history indicates the Indian yoga scene was dominated by other Yoga texts such as the Bhagavad Gita, Yoga Vasistha Yajnavalkya. Scholars consider the Yoga Sūtras of Patañjali formulations as one of the foundations of classical Yoga philosophy of Sanatan
Other Works

The Mahābhāṣya ("great commentary") of Patañjali in the Aṣṭādhyāyī of Pāṇini is a major early exposition on Pāṇini, along with the somewhat earlier Varttika by Katyayana.
Patanjali relates to how words and meanings are associated – Patanjali claims shabdapramânah – that the evidentiary value of words is inherent in them, and not derived external – the word-meaning association is natural.
These issues in the word-meaning relation (symbol) would be elaborated in the Sanskrit linguistic tradition, in debates between the Mimamsa, Nyaya and Buddhist schools over the next fifteen centuries.
Patanjali also defines an early notion of sphota, which would be elaborated considerably by later Sanskrit linguists like Bhartrihari. In Patanjali, a sphota (from sphuT, spurt/burst) is the invariant quality of speech.
The noisy element (dhvani, audible part) can be long or short, but the sphota remains unaffected by individual speaker differences. Thus, a single letter or 'sound' (varNa) such as k, p or a is an abstraction, distinct from variants produced in actual enunciation.[]
This concept has been linked to the modern notion of the phoneme, the minimum distinction that defines semantically distinct sounds. Thus a phoneme is an abstraction for a range of sounds.
However, in later writings, especially in Bhartrihari (6th century CE), the notion of sphoTa changes to become more of a mental state, preceding the actual utterance, akin to the lemma.
Patañjali's writings also elaborate on some principles of morphology (prakriyā). In the context of elaborating on Pāṇini's aphorisms, he also discusses Kātyāyana's commentary, which is also aphoristic and sūtra-like;
in the later tradition, these were transmitted as embedded in Patañjali's discussion. In general, he defends many positions of Pāṇini which were interpreted somewhat differently in Katyayana.
Conclusion

The Science of Yoga has gained popularity because of its scientific approach and benefits. Yoga also holds the honoured place as one of six philosophies in the Indian philosophical system.
Acharya Patanjali will forever be remembered and revered as a pioneer in the science of self-discipline, happiness and self-realization.

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