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Education holds the key for empowerment of Indian Muslims. Madrasas are centre sof free education; they are the nucleus of cultural & educational lives of Muslims.
#FactsAboutMadrasas
The Madrasas are an invaluable instrument of traditional education but they’ve also played a vital role in spreading literacy amongst the down trodden segments of Muslim society.
#FactsOnMadrasas
#FactsAboutMadrasas
Several Madrasa not only offer free education but also free boarding & lodging.Madrasas serve as a vehicle for articulating Islamic cultural heritage & universal values that are deeply embedded in the tradition, consciousness & identity of the Muslim community.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Madrasas have a long and rich history. After the birth of Islam in the seventh century, Muslims who wanted a religious education joined study circles in mosques where teachers provided instruction.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Madrasas were well-established independent centers of learning with some of the features they retain today. They had permanent buildings, paid staff and resident scholars with living quarters&stipends. Students were given room & board, &received a free education.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Madrasas generally taught calculation, grammar, poetry, history and above all the Qur’an and sacred law. At a higher level they taught literary subjects and arithmetic.
#FactsOnMadrasas
These schools spread quickly. During the Middle Ages, while fewer than 5 percent of the West’s inhabitants learned how to read and write, thousands of madrasas spread literacy as far as Russia, Mongolia, the Chinese plains, India and the Malay archipelago.
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In Egypt, they increased from 1,855 to 4,314 between 1986 & 1996. In Mali, 1 out of 4 primary school children attended madrasas during 2005.
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In India, where 14 people out of 100 are Muslim, the government reports that, overall, 4 percent of Muslim students attend madrasas full-time.
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The majority of Mewat’s Muslim families want madrasas to offer technical courses and vocational training. Such madrasas contribute to a vicious circle of poverty.
#FactsOnMadrasas
When Erdogan assumed power in 2002, he and his Justice and Development party turned Imam Hatip schools into religious middle and high schools whose graduates could apply into any university program.
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Nizam al-Mulk established numerous madrasas all over the empire that, in addition to providing Islamic knowledge, imparted secular education in the fields of science, philosophy, public administration, and governance.
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Even though the majority of madrasas during subsequent centuries would remain centres of Islamic learning, many of them produced renowned scholars and philosophers who contributed greatly to secular knowledge.
#FactsOnMadrasas
This is especially true for madrasas in Spain, a country that Muslims ruled for almost 800 years; a period that is usually referred to as the Golden Age of Islamic advancement in science, technology and philosophy.
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It was Islamic scholars from Andalusia in Spain who were said to be responsible for preserving (and further contributing to) Greek science and mathematics -- knowledge that was on the verge of being lost during the Dark Ages in Europe.
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The madrasa system gained new impetus during the Ottoman Empire. The first Ottoman madrasa was established by Orhan Gazi in Iznik (Nicea) sometime in 1330-31, and he arranged sufficient waq'f to meet its financial needs.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Madrasas were also learning places during the Muslim rule in India. Indeed, it was the only place imparting knowledge in different disciplines.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The origin of madrasa education in the Indian subcontinent is difficult to trace out. One can assume that it started asIslam spread furtherEast. It was the Sufi order of theMuslim faith that started establishing madrasas in the IndianSubcontinent&in CentralAsia.
#FactsOnMadrasas
In these Sufi madrasas grammar, poetry, literature, logic, mathematics, & other disciplines of Islam were taught. As most of the knowledge about Islam was recorded in Arabic & Persian, the in the Indian sub-continent became places for learning Arabic & Persian.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Every student aspiring to reach the highest level of madrasa education had to learn these two languages, as it is with English today, whatever his mother tongue was.
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The most renowned poets of India at that time were borrowing from the Sufi traditions of Persia and Central Asia and composing their poems in Persian.
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Sir Syed was the first Indian Muslim who realised the need for modern education for the Muslim community for its very survival in India.
#FactsOnMadrasas
He had a strong passion for education & while pursuing studies of different subjects including European jurisprudence, he began to realise the advantages of Western-style education which the British offered across India by establishing modern schools&colleges.
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Sir Syed established a modern school in Aligarh, and laid the foundation stone of the Muhammadan Anglo-Oriental College in 1875. His pioneering work for modern education for the Muslims received support from the people.
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In 1780, Alia Madrasa College was established in Calcutta "to promote the study of the Arabic and Persian languages and Mohammedan law, with a view more especially to the production of qualified officers for the court of justice.
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A typical Islamic madrasa contained rooms for students, a prayer hall, and classrooms and would likely also contain a residence for one or more professors, a library, and sanitary facilities.
#FactsOnMadrasas
It was usually attached to a mosque, and large mosque complexes, such as those in Istanbul, might contain several madrasas.
The typical Middle Eastern madrasa was a square building of one or two stories surrounding a courtyard.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The student rooms opened onto the courtyard, and if the madrasa had two stories, the student rooms might be on the upper floor with classrooms and service rooms on the ground floor.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Sometimes the central courtyard was replaced by a domed central hall. In their architecture madrasas are closely linked with other kinds of Islamic public buildings, notably mosques and caravansaries.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Some of the earliest surviving madrasas have few student rooms or none, perhaps because they served little more than a neighborhood, in contrast to great royal foundations that drew students from far away.
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Many madrasas, especially in Egypt, contain the mausoleums of their founders, with the madrasa proper being almost an afterthought. In crowded cities a cramped or irregular site often resulted in modification of the traditional plan.
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It was customary for medieval Muslim students of the religious sciences to travel extensively to study with well-known teachers, and teachers also often traveled long distances seeking opportunities to teach, receive patronage, and further their own studies.
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A well-known hadith attributed to Prophet Muhammad pbuh says, "seek knowledge, even in China." A mosque, however, was not a suitable place for professors or significant numbers of students to live for long stretches.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The first great burst of madrasa construction occurred in the eleventh century in the Seljuk empire and is associated with the name of the great wazir Nizam al-Mulk, who founded a number of madrasas known as Nizamiya.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The most important of which, the Nizamiya in Baghdad, became one of the greatest educational institutions in the Islamic world.
#FactsOnMadrasas
It was not the only form of educational institution; there were also Quranic schools for younger pupils; Sufi monasteries; hospitals; observatories; vernacular schools for the children of merchants, shopkeepers, and artisans.
#FactsOnMadrasas
And various forms of private tuition for the children of government officials.
A madrasa was legally a waqf, a charitable endowment.
The founder would donate property, from whose proceeds the madrasa was built and maintained.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The income from the endowment supported one or more professors, various servants and functionaries, and the students, who received room, board, and perhaps a small stipend.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The madrasas have not kept their monopoly on training ulema. Increasingly, advanced Islamic education is taking place in modern universities. In the late nineteenth century the University of the Punjab in Lahore began granting Islamic clerical degrees.
#FactsOnMadrasas
It is not uncommon for more talented madrasa students to go on for graduate degrees in secular universities in fields such as Arabic, Islamic studies, and philosophy.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The (honorable) University of Al-Azhar") is a university in Cairo, Egypt. Associated with Al-Azhar Mosque in Islamic Cairo, it is Egypt's oldest degree-granting university and is renowned as "Islam’s most prestigious university.
#FactsOnMadrasas
In addition to higher education, Al-Azhar oversees a national network of schools with approximately two million students. As of 1996, over 4000 teaching institutes in Egypt were affiliated with the University.
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Founded in 970 or 972 by the Fatimid Caliphate as a centre of Islamic learning, its students studied the Quran and Islamic law in detail, along with logic, grammar, rhetoric, and how to calculate the phases of the moon.
#FactsOnMadrasas
It was one of the first universities in the world, and the only one in the Arabic world to survive as a modern university including secular subjects in the curriculum. Today it is the chief centre of Arabic literature and Islamic learning in the world.
#FactsOnMadrasas
In 1961 additional non-religious subjects were added to its curriculum.
Its library is considered second in importance in Egypt only to the Egyptian National Library and Archives.[citation needed] In May 2005, Al-Azhar in partnership with a
#FactsOnMadrasas
Dubai information technology enterprise, IT Education Project (ITEP) launched the H.H. Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Project to Preserve Al Azhar Scripts and Publish Them Online(the "Al-Azhar Online Project") to eventually publish online access to the library's
#FactsOnMadrasas
entire rare manuscripts collection, comprising about seven million pages of material.
Al-Azhar is one of the relics of the Fatimid dynasty, which claimed descent from Fatimah, daughter of Muhammad pbuh and wife of Ali son-in-law and cousin of Prophet pbuh.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Al-Azhar University is a full time public university. The university being public is funded and managed by the nation's government and has a number of campus facilities located in different parts of the nations.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Since her establishments has faced a number of challenges in her development but it is still known as a renowned institute of learning within Egypt and beyond. The university offers quality education and plays a role in the nation's development.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Students are trained by professionals in different areas. The university offers full time undergraduate and postgraduate degrees in sciences and social sciences. It is also a coeducational university affiliated with the Islam religion.
#FactsOnMadrasas
The school has a very large student population and staff population and it is very diverse. The university admits both local and international students from different parts of the world, as it is a culturally inclusive university community.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Al-Azhar University has very good campus facilities located in the different parts of the country, they all have good facilities and they are very good for student's learning.
#FactsOnMadrasas
Some Courses include:
Engineering,
Different Feilds in Engineering,
Medicine & Pharmarcy,
Medicine,
Pharmacy,
Nursing,
Arts, Management & Social Science,
Arabic Langauage,
Science & Technology,
Home Economics,
Dentistry,
Education,
Education,
Law,
Sharia Law.
#FactsOnMadrasas
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