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Successful and Aspiring Black Communities Destroyed by White Mobs.
Atlanta Race Riot (1906)

On Sept. 22, 1906, Atlanta newspapers reported four alleged assaults on white women. Soon, some 10,000 white men & boys began gathering, beating, and stabbing Blacks. It is estimated that there were between 25-40 #ADOS deaths, and were only 2 white died.
Greenwood, Tulsa, Oklahoma “Black Wall Street” (May 31 – June 1, 1921)

During the oil boom of the 1910s, the area of northeast Oklahoma around Tulsa flourished, including the Greenwood neighborhood, which came to be known as “the Black Wall Street.”
Chicago Race Riots (1919)

The “Red Summer” of 1919 marked the culmination of steadily growing tensions surrounding the great migration of #ADOS from the rural South to the cities of the North during World War I.
Rosewood Massacre (1923)

Rosewood was a quiet, self-sufficient whistle-stop on the Seaboard Air Line Railway in Florida. By 1900 the population in Rosewood had become predominantly #ADOS.
Washington, D.C. Race Riots (1919)

By the time the “Red Summer” was underway, unemployed whites bitterly envied blacks who were fortunate enough to procure low-level government jobs. Many whites also resented the influx of #ADOS into segregated neighborhoods around Capitol Hill.
Knoxville, Tennessee Race Riots (1919)

In August 1919, a race riot in Knoxville, Tenn., broke out after a white mob mobilized in response to a Black man accused of murdering a white woman. The 5,000-strong mob stormed the county jail searching for the prisoner.
They freed 16 white prisoners, including suspected murderers. After looting the jail and sheriff’s house, the mob moved on and attacked the #ADOS business district. Many of the city’s Black residents...
aware of the race riots that had occurred across the country that summer, had armed themselves and barricaded the intersection of Vine and Central to defend their businesses.
New York City Draft Riot (1863)

The Draft Riot of 1863 was a four-day eruption of violence in New York City during the Civil War stemming from deep worker discontent with the inequities of the first federally mandated conscription laws.
On July 13, 1863, organized opposition broke out across the city. The protests soon morphed into a violent uprising against the city’s wealthy elite and its black residents. Black men who were lynched after they were brutally beaten.
Hundreds of buildings were destroyed causing millions of dollars in damage. Up to 50 of the damaged buildings had been burned to the ground by rioters, including the Colored Orphan Asylum, which housed more than 230 Black children.
The East St. Louis Massacre (1917)

During spring 1917 Blacks were arriving in St. Louis at the rate of 2,000 per week, with many of them finding work at the Aluminum Ore Company and the American Steel Company in East St. Louis.
In May, 3,000 white men gathered in downtown East St. Louis. The roving mob began burning buildings and attacking Black people. After the massacre, varying estimates of the death toll circulated. The police chief estimated that 100 Blacks had been killed.
The renowned journalist Ida B. Wells reported in ‘The Chicago Defender’ that 40-150 black people were killed in the massacre. The NAACP estimated deaths at 100-200. Six thousand African-Americans were left homeless after their neighborhood was burned.
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