1. First were Roman kings - War leaders who went around smashing people. Then the seventh king (seriously named Lucius Superbus) started smashing his own people so..
2. Kings were thrown out in 509 BC and people evolved a system - Republic.
3. They created 'Emperor' with an 'empire' who smashed everyone in sight, and many who were out of sight too.
1000 BC - Rome begins as a collection of villages on seven hilltops near River Tiber.
753 BC - Romulus, a reject from nearby state of 𝐴𝑙𝑏𝑎 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑎, murders his twin brother Remus, then marks out a boundary - calling it Rome.
673-642 BC - Reign of Tullius Hostilius, third king of Rome. He attacks 𝐴𝑙𝑏𝑎 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑎. (hint - hostile)
642-617 BC - Fourth king Ancus Marcius enlarges Rome, builds first bridge across the Tiber.
616 BC - Tarquinius Priscinus become the fifth king. He starts building great temples and sewers.
578-535 BC - Sixth king Servius Tullius builds wall around Rome, 8 kms long with 19 gates, introduces coins.
510 BC - Romans pick their own leaders, calling themselves Republic.
Terrible twins Romulus and Remus were hounded by their wicked uncle in 𝐴𝑙𝑏𝑎 𝐿𝑜𝑛𝑔𝑎. They were put in a trough and thrown into the Tiber. Luckily the trough got caught in a thorny bush where they were found by a wolf and a woodpecker.
Romulus was declared a god later, when he disappeared in a storm.
You remember when the Trojans were beaten by a wooden horse full of Greek soldiers ? Well, some Trojans escaped. They were led by a hero 𝐴𝑒𝑛𝑒𝑎𝑠, and they started Rome.
Troy was destroyed in 1220 BC.
Rome began in 700 BC.
So what happened in between ?
Romans simply invented a list of kings and said, "This is our history!"
This is how secular Indian historians invented history, literally out of thin air.
390 BC - Gauls invaded Rome and wrecked the city so Romans built a wall. This wall marked boundaries for next 600 years.
295 BC - Decius Mus wins a battle that makes Romans lords of Italy.
264-231 BC - Rome fights Carthage (North Africa).
"Although Rome had won the First Punic War, revanchism prevailed in Carthage, symbolised by the alleged pledge that Hannibal made to his father never to be a friend of Rome."
Imagine the courage needed to cross snow clad Alps with 37 African war elephants, in 218 BC.
146 BC - Romans destroyed #Greek cities of Corinth, with it died the ancient Greek fighting spirit. Glorious Greece becomes part of Rotten Rome. Mediterranean began to look like a Roman lake.
73 BC - Gladiators revolt, led by super 𝘚𝘱𝘢𝘳𝘵𝘢𝘤𝘶𝘴 rampaged around Italy but they failed to capture Rome.
55 BC - Superstar general Julius Caesar smashed Gaul, he crosses into Germany and Britain. Crassus died in battle with Parthians. This left Rome with just two top dogs - Julius and Pompeii.
31 BC - Octavian declares war on Mark Antony's girlfriend Cleopatra, Queen of Egypt. Mark is defeated. Cleopatra commits suicide.
1. Cordea - Goddess of hinges
2. Penates - God of cupboards
3. Robigus - God of mildew
4. Terminus - God of boundaries
5. Furrina - ?
Romans had forgotten what Furrina did by 100 BC but they continued celebrating her every 25 July.
1. "We are married.. okay ?"
2. Living together for a year, so long as wife isn't away from home for more than three days.
3. Agreeing to be married in front of five people and someone holding a pair of scales.
1. Rich Romans put servant at the door to make everyone enter right foot first. That's where we get the name 'footman'. Romans believed it was bad luck to enter a house left foot first.
2. Sacrificial animals had to show consent by stretching necks out.
4. Women combed their hair with spear of a dead man for luck, with one condition - The man should have been killed in the arena, the fresher the better.
5. Murdered people became ghosts.
Though it's a nice idea looking at how some #football fans behave today.
Romans evolved public killing ideas from the 𝐸𝑡𝑟𝑢𝑠𝑐𝑎𝑛 people who once ruled the Romans.
𝑹𝒖𝒕𝒉𝒍𝒆𝒔𝒔 𝑹𝒐𝒎𝒂𝒏 𝑨𝒓𝒎𝒚
Romans captured New Carthage in Spain in 202 BC. General Scipio sentenced death to captives. Soldiers went beyond - they cut legs off animals and chopped dogs.
1. AD 214, 370 men thrown from Tarpeian Rock (Rome) - deserting army. Same year - 2000 Sicilians PoWs captured, all beheaded.
2. 146 BC, General Scipio crucified runaways from army.
3. 167 BC, Lucius Paullus, the cruelest, laid deserters before elephants.
"Emperor Augustus made nine 'lucky' soldiers club their 'unlucky' friend to death."
5. If a general's army killed 5000 enemies, he was given a parade though Rome, march to temple of Jupiter, face painted red to match Jupiter's.
216 BC - Romans lost next big battle vs Hannibal at Cannae.
In the end, however Romans won by sly, destroying Carthage completely, sowing fields with salt so nothing would grow.
Thus was legitimised the Greek practice of pyres.
110 BC - He drove Romans out of Numidia.
105 BC - Roman senators invite Jugurtha for a parley, much like the recently held US congressional hearing. @sunandavashisht
80 AD - Colosseum is built.
161 AD - Emperor Marcus thinks the empire has become unwieldy so divides it into two - the East and the West.
165 AD - Eastern army brings back a plague they caught, in war with the West. video.nationalgeographic.com/video/news/000…
260 AD - Emperor Valerian captured by Persians, skinned and skin put on display.
300 AD - Emperor Constantine gains empire.