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अविद्यास्मितारागद्वेषाभिनिवेशाः क्लेशाः॥ पतंजलि योग सूत्र। २.३
Sage Patanjali Describes Five types of Klesh:
अविद्या is the main cause of all sufferings or Klesha. Now what is अविद्या?
Considering inconsistent as consistent, forever changing as शाश्वत is अविद्या.
When you think You are this body, thoughts and mind and take material pleasure as real then this is अविद्या.

Whenever you consider one state, body or fact as absolute truth, You block all possibilities for the change. While in reality change is the only truth.
दृग्दर्शनशक्त्योरेकात्मतेवास्मिता॥६॥

When you think that ability to see things and ability to perceive things you see are same then this is called अस्मिता. This is caused by अविद्या as you consider your vision to be absolute, while this is not the case.
सुखानुशयी रागः॥७॥

राग is the attachment to any pleasant experience or thought. You don't want to change the state of pleasure because you're fearful of losing this happiness.
दुःखानुशयी द्वेषः॥८॥

When you face some unpleasant experience, you don't want it to repeat. This sense of getting away from suffering is called द्वेष. Both राग and द्वेष are cause of Klesha and are caused due to अविद्या
स्वरसवाही विदुषोऽपितथारूढोऽभिनिवेशः॥९॥

अभिनिवेश is the fear (of death) which is found in even most highest intellectuals. When we know that death in inevitable still we are fearful of it. This state is called अभिनिवेश.
Apart from above five, There is not s single cause of suffering or Klesha. Now how to get rid of this Klesha.

ते प्रतिप्रसवहेयाः सूक्ष्माः॥१०॥
By Kriya Yog, You minimise the influence of Klesha upon yourself and make them negligible.
But they would still exist in some Quantity. These three Kriya Yog are: Tap, Swadhyaya and Ishwar Pranidhan.
ध्यानहेयास्तद्वृत्तयः॥११॥

These Kleshas can be erased completely by Dhyan Yog and Samadhi. One must always try to attain Samadhi and be free from all the material sufferings.

Om Namah Shivay 🙏
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