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The Mughals came to India as conquerors & Conquering neighboring kingdoms was the norm in those days but Mughals remained as Indians, not colonists.
#ThanksMughals
They subsumed their identity as well as the group's identity with India and became inseparable from it, giving rise to an enduring culture and history.
#ThanksMughal
In fact, this issue of Mughals being foreigners was never a discussion point till quite recently, so well had they integrated and assimilated into the country they had made their own.
#ThanksMughals
Most of the Mughals contracted marriage alliances with Indian rulers, especially Rajput. They appointed them to high posts and the Kachhwaha Rajput of Amber normally held the highest military posts in the Mughal army.
#ThanksMughals
From 16th century to 18th century, the Mughal kingdom was the richest and most powerful kingdom in the world.
#ThanksMughal #ThanksMughals
This is hardly surprising considering that Sher Shah, and the Mughals had encouraged trade by developing roads, river transport, sea routes, ports and abolishing many inland tolls and taxes.
#ThanksMughals
Indian handicrafts were developed. There was a thriving export trade in manufactured goods such as cotton cloth, spices, indigo, woolen and silk cloth, salt etc.
#ThanksMughals
This trade was traditionally in the hands of the Hindu merchant class who controlled the trade. In fact, the Hindus possessed "almost exclusively the trade and wealth of the country". The Muslims mainly held high administrative and army posts.
#ThanksMughals
A very efficient system of administration set up by Akbar facilitated an environment of trade and commerce.

It was this which led the East India Company to seek trade concessions from the Mughal empire.
#ThanksMughals
The advent of the famous drain of wealth from India started with the East India Company, not the Delhi Sultanate or the Mughals.

Let us examine India’s economic status prior to it's becoming a British colony.
#ThanksMughals
The Cambridge historian Angus Maddison writes in his book, Contours of the World Economy 1–2030 AD: Essays in Macro-economic History, that while India had the largest economy till 1000 AD (with a GDP share of 28.9 percent in 1000AD) there was no economic growth.
#ThanksMughals
It was during the 1000 AD-1500 AD that India began to see economic growth with its highest (20.9 percent GDP growth rate) being under the Mughals. In the 18th century, India had overtaken China as the largest economy in the world.
#ThanksMughals
Since it's established now that the Mughals did not take away money, let’s talk of what they invested in. They invested in infrastructure, in building great monuments which are a local and tourist draw generating crores of rupees annually.
#ThanksMughals
As per figures presented by the Ministry of Culture in Lok Sabha, just the Taj Mahal built by Shah Jahan has an average annual ticket sale of over Rs 21 crore. The Qutub Complex generates over Rs 10 crore in ticket sales, Red Fort &Humayun’s Tomb generates around Rs 6 crore each.
A beautiful new style known as Indo-Islamic architecture which imbibed the best of both was born.

They invested in local arts and crafts, and encouraged old and created new skill sets in India.
#ThanksMughals
As Swapna Liddle, convenor of INTACH, Delhi Chapter, says, “To my mind, the greatest Mughal contribution to India was in the form of patronage to the arts. Whether it was building, artisanal crafts like weaving and metal-working, or fine arts like painting, they set standards of
taste and perfection that became an example for others to follow, and brought India the global recognition for high-quality handmade goods that it still enjoys.”
#ThanksMughals
Mughal paintings, jewels, arts, and crafts are the key possessions of many a western museum and gallery as they were LOOTED in and after 1857. Some can be seen in Indian museums too.
#ThanksMughals
It’s dangerous to generalize history, especially on communal lines. While economic deprivations for the common man existed, as they did and do in any society.

Thus, to say that the Mughals LOOTED India is a falsification of facts.
#ThanksMughals
Babur had come to India at the behest of Daulat Khan Lodi and won the kingdom of Delhi by defeating the forces of Ibrahim khan Lodi at Panipat in 1526 AD. Thus, was laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire.
#ThanksMughals
Babur was a master Strategist, he brought artillery and used Gun powder for the first time in battle. Babur abolished the raping of women when one captures a fort, we can say he was kind of Gentleman here.
#ThanksMughals
He was never defeated in India and for four years he ruled, he is considered one of the greatest in India. According to Satish Chandra (A historian), He did not make the Babri Masjid by breaking the temple, someone else made it and put his name on it.
#ThanksMughals
Shershah built the GT road from Peshawar to Kolkata and introduced reforms in agriculture, taxation and was a good ruler. Akbar was the one who abolished Jiziya and pilgrim tax.
#ThanksMughals
ShahJahan was a man who did everything royally, and still concentrated on India and using the money for Indians. Mughal emperor made India there home till the end. The life of people during the Mughal period was good as they were rich and then there were peasants
#ThanksMughals
who paid their taxes lived on the land and were given some rights, Nowhere they were exploited. Even during Aurangzeb's time, the life of people was good from many historians account we can say this.
#ThanksMughals
Here comes the British: From the Battle of Plassey till the coming of warren Hastings they had no aim of ruling India, they had the aim of extracting more and more from India so that they can lead a rich life in England.
#ThanksMughals
Robert Clive started the policy of dual government where the treasury was in Britain’s hand, rules were for the common people and there was anarchy. They did not want to stay in India.
#ThanksMughals
The biggest impact was the drain of wealth which is explained the best in DadaBhai bauroji’s book ‘Poverty and unBritish rule of India’. The systematic killing of Indian artisans, handicraft industry and local products was done by the British.
#ThanksMughals
Before the British came these were employed in courts of kings.
When the industrial revolution took place in England, India’s raw material, wealth was used to fuel it. These goods were brought back to India in the finished form&sold in India for exorbitant prices.
#ThanksMughals
Some people argue that the Britishers gave us Railways and telegraph but most of them don’t understand that if they would have not made the railways or used telegraph then how would they have suppressed the revolt&send finished goods to the markets all over India.
#ThanksMughals
Whatever the Britishers did was for their own selfish reasons and not for the good of people. Because their intention was not to stay in India but to loot India and to go back to their land, unlike Mughals.
#ThanksMughals
From one of the speeches of Macualay “ when a superior race rules the inferior then the most benevolent form of govt would be despotism” from here we can see their demeanor towards the Indian people.
#ThanksMughals
It is said British gave us civil services but from Akbar’s time we had civil services that too world-famous and people from the world wanted to join it as it was the highest paying Govt service in the world.
#ThanksMughals
Finally, there are Major two parts in which we can sum up the above findings

Society:
For Mughals: More or less egalitarian, Secular, the position of women was, as usual, bad except during the time of Akbar.
For Britishers: Highly unequal society, rulers thought they were God,
communalism prevailed and led to the division of the country. The position of women degraded.

Economy:
For Mughals: Trade flourished during this period, India’s GDP was 25% of the world and traded with the world.
#ThanksMughals
For Britishers: As Shashi Tharoor said, “ They came to the richest country of the world and left it one of the poorest in the world”.

Note: Personally, I am not a big fan of Mughals even though they were Muslims. They were neither the religious leaders or the Muslim leaders.
They were the Kings of their time. If any just person, who has the knowledge of real history, criticizes them for their wrong deeds, without seeing their religion, like he/she criticizes the Hindu kings for their wrong deeds, then I don't have any issue with it. But there are
many persons(bhakts) today, who criticize them(Mughals or Nizams) only because they were Muslims to taunt/insult today's Muslims, and they praise every Hindu king only because he was Hindu, then it's injustice and not fair.
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