In my opinion the class was limited by the Professor’s authoritarian bias & his politically motivated perspective; it was ok.
An alternative hypothesis is they were preserving a parasitic social system where a protected hereditary aristocracy exploits everyone else.
Roman presence in Northern Europe and England was well established starting in the 1st century ad.
The Donatists did not believe that affiliation with a church gave a person any connection to God by default. They preferred a decentralized church & questioned “the Office” vs “the man.”
Could forms of religious orthodoxy have been used as an admistrative tool?
Clovis pledged a vapid allegiance to the distant Constantinople and was acknowledged with the title of Council.
Aside: when I was traced back the geneaologies of the earliest Spanish expeditions to the new world, some of the explorers traced back through the kings & queens of Spain back to Arnoulf.
Apollonarius son Sidonias married Papianilla the daughter of Eparchius Avitas Emperor of the Western Roman Empire.