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#Thread Sun Temple, Gujarat

The Temple dedicated to Surya Dev one of the 3 famous and ancient Sun temples of India.
The Temple was built by Bhim Dev I of Solanki Rajput Dynasty of Gujarat.

The temple is situated at Modhera village of Mehsana district, Gujarat. (1)
It is situated on the bank of the river Pushpavati. It was built around 1030 AD. The temple complex has three components: Gudhamandapa, the shrine hall; Sabhamandapa, the assembly hall and Kunda, the reservoir.
During 1024-25, Mahmud of Ghazni had invaded Solanki Chalukya kingdom, and forces of Bhik Dev Solanki Fought and gave a great fight to Ghazni Forces. Historian A. K. Majumdar theorizes that the Sun Temple might have been built to commemorate this defense of Hindu Amry.
The whole temple is a great example of Solanki architecture. The picture depicting Sabhamandapa assembly hall is parallelogram in plan with rows of pillars opening entrance on each side diagonally. The extensively carved exterior has a series of recessed corners(4)
Ramakunda or Suryakunda plays an important part in hindu architecture, and so does in this temple. Several miniature shrines and niches in front of terrace-wall have images of gods including many Vaishnavite deities and goddesses such as Shitala mata. (5)
The outer walls of the temples comprises of several intricately carved sculptures. There are 52 intricately carved pillars surrounding the temple.
The roof was in shape of the stepped pyramid but it no longer exists. Inside, the walnut-shaped ceiling rises in tiers which has numerous floral girdles. It is 23 feet high. The ceiling itself is a piece of art and reverence. The monument is now under the protection of ASI.
PC: Praneeth Sukuru ji 😊
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