🚨🚨🚨Thread!

Buckle up.

1/66

It’s been claimed that voting by mail leads to massive corruption and fraud. But what are the facts?
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U.S. citizens will vote by mail this year in record numbers. In the face of a global health emergency, election officials across the country from both parties are working heroically to ensure that voting by mail is accurate, accessible, safe & secure.
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There's simply no basis for the conspiracy theory that voting by mail causes fraud. None.

@CNN & @washingtonpost fact-checks show this. But many others have examined the issue and arrived at the same conclusion. Still others have provided some key context. Take a look!
4/

Here is @CNN's fact-check, cited by @Twitter:

cnn.com/2020/05/26/pol…
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And here is @washingtonpost's fact-check, also cited by @Twitter:

washingtonpost.com/politics/2020/…
14/

U.S. Election Assistance Commission White Paper: Deep Dive on Early, Absentee, and Mail Voting (@EACgov):

eac.gov/documents/2017… Image
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All types of voter fraud in U.S. elections are minuscule in comparison to the number of ballots cast, according to elections experts (@BrennanCenter):

brennancenter.org/our-work/analy… Image
18/

@Reuters poll finds that 72% of all U.S. adults, including 65% of Republicans, support a requirement for mail-in ballots to protect voters (@Cmkahn):

reuters.com/article/us-usa… Image
20/

In 2016, roughly 1 in 4 voters cast their votes via mail-in ballot (@voteathome):

docs.wixstatic.com/ugd/ef45f5_81a… Image
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"Oregon has mailed out more than 100 million ballots since 2000, with about a dozen cases of proven fraud; a 0.000012 percent rate" (@drvox for @voxdotcom):

vox.com/policy-and-pol… Image
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President disbanded his own commission charged with investigating voter fraud in 2018, without producing any systemic evidence of fraud. @miwine & @tackettdc for @nytimes:

nytimes.com/2018/01/03/us/… Image
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"Deeply conservative Utah has moved almost entirely to vote-by-mail in recent years" (@aseitzwald & @sahilkapur for @NBCNews):

nbcnews.com/politics/2020-… Image
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President requests vote-by-mail ballot for Florida Republican presidential primary (@mannahhorse for @pbpost):

palmbeachpost.com/news/20200311/… Image
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Fox News Anchor Chris Wallace: "I've done some deep dive into it, there really is no record of massive fraud or even serious fraud from mail-in voting." "It's being carried out in Republican states, it's being carried out in Democratic states."

26/

From more than a billion votes cast between 2000 and 2012, there were only 491 cases of absentee-voter fraud (@news21 Voting Rights Project):

votingrights.news21.com/article/about/ Image
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Parties are virtually equal in percentages of who votes by mail (@cstewartiii for @Caltech):

electionupdates.caltech.edu/2020/03/20/som… Image
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GOP state officials warming to vote-by-mail (NE, OH, WV, IA); Iowa Republican SoS Paul Pate: sowing “doubt about the integrity of the process is as dangerous as vote fraud" (@NickRiccardi for @AP):

apnews.com/4cf54df2ab65b4… Image
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Mistake, not fraud: "Fraud by individual voters is almost nonexistent; mistakes in a confusing system are the real issue" (@Rutgers_Camden Professor Lorraine C. Minnite):Â

scholars.org/sites/scholars… Image
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@BrennanCenter's "The Truth About Voter Fraud" found that even among the small number of reported incidents of 'fraud,' most turn out to be traceable to other causes:

brennancenter.org/sites/default/… Image
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@kirstenfrankly (Chief of Staff, UT GOP Lt. Gov. @SpencerJCox): "there is very little evidence of voter fraud within our mail-in system" (@NBCNews):

nbcnews.com/politics/donal… Image
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GOP leaders have long urged their supporters to vote by mail. GOP governors are sounding the call for easy access to mail-in ballots (@DoyleMcManus for @latimes):

latimes.com/politics/story… Image
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@Heritage election fraud database reports just 143 convictions involving fraudulent use of absentee ballots over the past 20 years (approx. 0.00006% of total votes cast):

heritage.org/voterfraud Image
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@SenatorRomney says 90% of Utah Republicans vote by mail (@BudrykZack for @thehill):

thehill.com/homenews/senat… Image
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"There is no evidence that mail balloting results in rampant voter fraud" (@AmberMcReynolds & @cstewartiii for @thehill):

thehill.com/opinion/campai… Image
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Former Republican campaign strategist compares president to "the boy who cried wolf" in spreading panic and undermining faith in the electoral process, to the detriment of his own base. (@grace_panetta for @businessinsider):

businessinsider.com/trumps-crusade… Image
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@KimWyman12, Republican @secstatewa, supports vote by mail. (@llerer for @nytimes):

nytimes.com/2020/04/15/us/… Image
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Research on vote by mail shows neutral partisan effects. (May Wong, @SIEPR):

siepr.stanford.edu/news/new-resea… Image
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"Trump casts doubt on mail voting. His campaign promotes it." (@NickRiccardi for @AP):

apnews.com/6416231367cfa0… Image
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In 2017, the risk of mail-in vote fraud was 0.0004% to 0.0009% (@hopeyen1 & Calvin Woodward for @AP Fact Check, quoting @BrennanCenter):

apnews.com/e45b0fd875cd2b… Image
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Former Assistant Secretary of Defense under President Reagan, @LarryKorb: "U.S. troops routinely vote by mail. Why can't the rest of America do the same?" (@MilitaryTimes):

militarytimes.com/opinion/commen… Image
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@leedrutman for @FiveThirtyEight: "There is no evidence that vote by mail gives one party an advantage":

fivethirtyeight.com/features/there… Image
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Justin Levitt (@_justinlevitt_): "Each act of voter fraud in connection with a federal election risks 5 years in prison....a single extra vote is simply not worth the price." (@BrennanCenter @nyulaw):

brennancenter.org/sites/default/… Image
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Oh, and I (@EllenLWeintraub) have also spoken on the topic: "Democrats have studied this, Republicans have studied this, and no one can find any evidence of rampant voter fraud either historically or particularly in the 2016 elections."

thehill.com/homenews/admin… Image
51/

To sum up:

Many Americans will be voting by mail this year. In the 2016 general election, 139 million people voted overall; even more could do so this year.
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With that many voters, could a few instances of illegal voting activity crop up?

Perhaps.

But there is no basis to claim that it will be anything other than exceedingly rare.
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Facts matter. Data matters. When Prof. @_justinlevitt_ researched in-person voter fraud between 2000 and 2014, he found just 31 credible allegations – just *allegations*! – out of more than a *billion* ballots cast.

washingtonpost.com/news/wonk/wp/2… Image
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Research by U. of Wisconsin & Stanford political scientists “indicate[d] that the proportion of the population reporting voter impersonation is indistinguishable from that reporting abduction by extraterrestrials.”

liebertpub.com/doi/abs/10.108… Image
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The numbers are similarly tiny for voting by mail. Even the Heritage Foundation’s voter-fraud database contains only 13 instances of absentee voter fraud across the 5 states that had all-mail balloting going into this year: CO, HI, OR, UT, & WA.

nytimes.com/2020/05/18/opi… Image
56/

Voting by mail will not make the 2020 election substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt.

There is no basis for that claim.

None. Zero. Zip. Nada.
57/

Specifically:

There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to mailbox robbery.

There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to ballot forgery.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to illegal ballot printing.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to fraudulently signed ballots.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to voters being told for whom to vote.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to a cheating free-for-all.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to a forgery free-for-all.
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There is no basis for the claim that the election will be substantially fraudulent or massively corrupt due to a ballot theft free-for-all.
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Claims that voter fraud is widespread are, as shown above, “dead wrong,” “crying ‘wolf,’” “false,” “a debunked lie.”
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Such falsehoods are not mere words.

These falsehoods may well undermine the American people's faith in our democracy.

And the *real* fraud would be if U.S. citizens were deterred from voting and our government reflected the consent of fewer of the governed.
66/

True leaders speak truth.

Especially in an election season plagued by pandemic, economic uncertainty, and death, the American people deserve nothing less than the truth from our leaders.

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More from @EllenLWeintraub

2 Jul
1/ NEW today! Full file goes public on the @FEC’s case arising out of the National Enquirer’s “catch & kill” of the Karen McDougal story at the behest of the Trump campaign.

Here is my statement with Chair @ShanaMBoussard:

fec.gov/files/legal/mu…
@FEC 2/ GOP commissioners agreed we had enough evidence to go after AMI (the Enquirer's parent company) for coordinating with the Trump campaign, but argue it wasn't worth our time to go after the beneficiaries of the scheme.

fec.gov/files/legal/mu…
@FEC 3/ The same evidence proved the allegations against everyone involved and the same statute of limitations applied to everyone, but my GOP colleagues once again allowed the former president and his campaign to walk away.
Read 4 tweets
2 Nov 20
Buckle up!

Election-results-explainer mini-tweetstorm! 🗳🌪

An election is not a reality show with a guaranteed big reveal at the end of the hour. The election isn’t over until we count all the votes. Here’s what to keep in mind as the week goes forward.  

1/8
We do *not* need to know the results of the election on Election Night, and frequently, we haven’t! 

As Princeton history prof @KevinMKruse and I wrote in @NYTimes in May: “Take Some Deep Breaths and Prepare to Wait for Election Results”:

nytimes.com/2020/05/18/opi…

/2
Historian Michael @BeschlossDC notes just how ordinary it is not to know the Presidential election winner on Election Night. We’ve waited past midnight in 40% of the presidential elections in the past 60 years: 1960, 1968, 1976, 2000, 2004, and 2016.



/3
Read 8 tweets
20 Aug 20
UPDATED THREAD: In 41 states, voters have to fill out an absentee ballot application to get one. Another 5 states have been 100% #VoteByMail for awhile.

So, when the President criticizes "mail-in voting," which states – and I mean *exactly* which states – is he criticizing?

/1
Here are the facts, as of Aug. 20, on which states have made changes to their voting processes, and who's doing what.

Most states, 30 of them, have made no change in their absentee-balloting processes this year.

/2
Twenty states plus DC *have* made a change:

Seven states now allow absentee balloting either requiring no excuse or accepting the coronavirus as an excuse.

/3
Read 8 tweets
17 Aug 20
THREAD: In 41 states, voters have to fill out an application to get an absentee ballot. Another 5 states have been 100% #VoteByMail for awhile.

So, when the President criticizes "mail-in voting," which states – and I mean *exactly* which states – is he criticizing?

/1
Here are the facts, as of Aug. 17, on which states have made changes to their voting processes, and who's doing what.

Most states, 32 of them, have made no change in their absentee-balloting processes this year.

/2 Image
Eighteen states plus DC *have* made a change:

Six states now allow absentee balloting either requiring no excuse or accepting the coronavirus as an excuse.

/3 Image
Read 8 tweets
7 Aug 20
I can’t be more blunt about this: Mr. President, Members of Congress, should you fail to provide the funds America needs for its elections, you will be derelict in your duty to your country. It would be a devastating failure to protect our democracy in a moment of historic need.
It’s been estimated that this election will cost an additional $4 billion due to the coronavirus. $400 million has been allocated already; another $3.6 billion is needed. /2

brennancenter.org/events/saving-…
Election administrators warn of 'epic failure' if the federal government fails to provide funding. /3

Read 13 tweets
21 Jul 20
Baseless conspiracy theories about voter fraud undermine faith in our democracy and deter citizens from voting, which no one should want.

2/4

National security experts agree that we urgently need more federal funding for our elections.

brennancenter.org/our-work/resea…

But all we are getting is unfounded conspiracy theories about the method of voting that Americans overwhelmingly want to be able to use this fall.

3/4
Read 4 tweets

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