This has and DOES exist
But history is repetitive not simply because people don't learn from it,
but rather human nature does not change...
So is any religious book
Folk wisdom and cultural wisdom contains an infinite array of lessons and unique stories teaching how to live properly,
the idea that people dont learn from the past...they do.
If that goes, then its entirely possible for a culture/civilization to regress and lose its way.
"We know better" turns to hubris, and then an inevitable fall