Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples
1) Islam is in its origins an Arab religion. Everyone not an Arab who is a Muslim is a convert. Islam is not simply a matter of conscience or private belief. It makes imperial demands. +
It was Muslim insecurity that led to the call for the creation of Pakistan.++
“The time before Islam is a time of blackness: that is part of Muslim theology. History has to serve theology.”
@Javedakhtarjadu should comment on it too.
“While the Ottomans moved into South-East Europe, the Moghul invasion of India destroyed much of Hindu and Buddhist civilization there.++