1/n #Atheist#Nastika

I explain in this thread.

In early ancient Greek, the adjective átheos was used as a term of condemnation largely meaning "impious".
2/n Comes 5th Century BC, átheos began to indicate more deliberate and active godlessness with perspective of "severing relations with the gods" or "denying the gods".
3/n Then came the term term "asebēs"applied against those who denied or disrespected the gods of particular locality, even if they believed in other gods. In modern translations of classical texts átheos is mentioned as "atheistic".

Source: Atheism in Pagan Antiquity
by ABD
4/n The Greek word "atheoi" as it appears in the Epistle to the Ephesians (2:12) on the early 3rd-century Papyrus 46. It has been translated into English as "those who are without God"
5/n The term atheist comes from French athée, in the sense of "one who denies the existence of God or gods". It came before atheism in English,which appeared in 1566.

Source: "English Recusant Literature", Volume 203, pg 49
6/n Atheist began being known as a label of practical godlessness at least as early as 1577.

Source: The auncient ecclesiasticall histories of the first six hundred years after Christ, written by Eusebius, Socrates, and Evagrius. London. p. 63
7/n The term "atheism" was derived from the French "athéisme" and appeared in English about 1587.

Source: quod.lib.umich.edu/e/eebo/A07769.…
8/n A work from 1534, used the term "atheonism". Latter appeared:
1)deist (1621)
2)theist (1662)
3)deism (1675)
4)theism (1678).

At that time "deist" and "deism" already carried their modern meaning. The term theism came to be contrasted with deism.
9/n "During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, the word 'atheist' was still reserved exclusively for polemic ... The term 'atheist' was an insult. Nobody would have dreamed of calling himself an atheist."

Source:A History of God By Karen Armstrong
10/n In late 18th Century in Europe, Atheism was primarily used to describe a self-admitted belief in late 18th century Europe, specifically denoting disbelief in the monotheistic Abrahamic god.
11/n In the 20th century, the term expanded globally to to be referred to as disbelief in all deities, though it remains common in Western society to describe atheism as simply"disbelief in God"

Source for 10/n &11/n: The Cambridge Companion to Atheism by M Martin
12/n So till the tweets 11/n it becomes very clear that the the term "Atheism" had evolved completely as reaction of Abrahmic God and now one also needs to understand the difference between Abrahmic god and Indic Ishvara to take discussion ahead. I'll explain same from 13/n

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More from @Aabhas24

19 Sep
1/n #SadarPranam to Ishvara within you @_YogendraYadav ji.

I'm sorry to say but you have no idea about how Communists had supported Communal Violence around 1946-47.

I mention same in this thread which you may respond should you have enough substance.
2/n @_YogendraYadav ji, if I refer to "Brothers Against the Raj", Hashim the secretary of the Muslim League, the key man behind the rise of Suhrawardy, mentions in his memoir, "Let Us Go To The War", that he had help from Nikhil Chakravartti a young communist. Read. Image
3/n Not to forget, Hashim calls himself an "Islamic Socialist". Image
Read 7 tweets
16 Sep
1/n #SadarPranam to Ishvara within you @irfhabib ji.

Will you call work of #IrfanHabib in regards to Mughals? Because his works don’t say so great about Akbar & Mughals as you portray.

Here are some citations from his works & other Scholars.

You may respond with Substance!
2/n I’m first quoting from book “The Cambridge Economic History of India” edited by T Raychudhuri & Irfan Habib in regards to few economic troubles to Indians by Mughals. Read on.
3/n Irfan Habib gives account of money hoarding at large scale by Mughal Emperors including Akbar.

He quotes De Laet who mentions Akbar’s treasure to be ~522.4 million florins & Sarista Khan to have hoarded ₹380 million.

Was economy blooming?

Snippet pg 183
Read 13 tweets
14 Sep
1/n #SadarPranam to Ishvara within you @_sabanaqvi ji.

While you defend @UmarKhalidJNU , here in this thread I put a bit of truth which makes me conclude he was a Terrorist in making & your opinion is wrong.

U may answer should u have enough substance.
2/n The google search about @UmarKhalidJNU brings this page for you.

A Human Rights Activist. Really? Let’s inspect more by quoting Dr Ambedkar.

“The brotherhood of Islam is not the universal brotherhood of man. It is brotherhood of Muslims for Muslims only.
3/n one can observe in this video clearly that @UmarKhalidJNU asked people to come on street when @POTUS visits Delhi on Feb 24, 2020
Read 14 tweets
10 Sep
1/n #Secularism

This thread explains the history and idea about it.

But before we dwell deeper, we must understand that Secularism is about "Religion" not "Dharma".

And, Dharma ≠ Religion (explained in quoted tweet)
2/n It was Mr George Jacob Holyoake who used term "Secularism" in 1851 through his magazine "Reasoner".

He writes in his book"English Secularism: A Confession of Belief", that it was all about "rejection of few Christian Scriptural beliefs".
3/n In the Reasoner Edition of July, 1871, he tells Secular knowledge is manifestly that kind of knowledge which is founded in this life which relates to the conduct of this life conduces to the welfare of this life and is capable of being tested by the experience of this life.
Read 16 tweets
29 Aug
1/n I want to learn from @AatishTaseer if VS Naipaul too is non-distinguished person as he claimed @GarudaPrakashan to be for publishing #DelhiRiotsUntoldStory by @advmonikaarora . In this thread I’m putting Naipaul’s opinion abt Islam.

Aatish respond should you have substance.
2/n Below are citations from
Beyond Belief: Islamic Excursions Among the Converted Peoples

1) Islam is in its origins an Arab religion. Everyone not an Arab who is a Muslim is a convert. Islam is not simply a matter of conscience or private belief. It makes imperial demands. +
3/n + A convert’s worldview alters. His holy places are in Arab lands; his sacred language is Arabic. His idea of history alters. He rejects his own; he becomes, whether he likes it or not, a part of the Arab story. The convert has to turn away from everything that is his.++
Read 13 tweets
13 Aug
1/n #SadarPranam @NitinRaut_INC ji. Btw which saryagrah did Ambedkar participate in?

Guruji never showed even a sign to be inspired from Hitler.

In this thread I put across my argument. Challenge you to prove me wrong should you have enough substance.
2/n @NitinRaut_INC ji, Guruji served as @RSSorg chief from 1940-73, but there is not a single statement or act of him from this period which would have been shown inspiration from Hitler.

Please do bit reading.
3/n @NitinRaut_INC have you read book “We or our...” at all? What does he writes in forward & why book was refrained from circulation? Any idea if it happened before become RSS chief or after?

Let me leave it as homework for you.
Read 6 tweets

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