A Thread On Pramanas( प्रमाण)

Using Principles of Nyaya Philoshphy

Discussion on Importance ,Use of Pramanas in Sprituality and Day to Day life
What are Pramanas,Prameya , Prama?

Without proof there is no realization of reality.From the evidence itself, the knower wants to gain or abandon the meaning by believing it
"Pramata" is that which has the tendency to seek or discard that (known) object

He (Pramata) who (by means of) realizes the meaning of meaning is the (Pramana

(In him) the meaning which is experienced is the Prameya

And the real experience of that meaning is called prama
What is Tatva ?

Tasya BhaavaH TatvaM

Being Truth , Eternal of truth' ( known)
As it Is/ were /Shall

TatvaGyan is .
Knowing Truth ,Eternal As It Is

Pramanas are needed to know TatvaGyan which is door towards Moksha
What is Nyaya?
Nyaya is the test of truth by evidence( Pramanas), ie (pratyaksh)direct and word ( Agama/ shabd) dependent inference( Anumana) is Nyaya
Types of Pramanas :

1) Pratyaksha :Direct Perception through Senses , Knowledge perceived from our senses
2) Anumana : Knowledge through inferences based on logical argument, reasoning , experimental .
3) Shabd / Agama : Verbal Testimony, knowledge from high sourse , scriptures
In Nyaya Upma pramana also included which basically deals with knowledge based on comparison and uzing different analogies

These 4 or Three Pramanas are tools to determine ,obtain knowledge from any Source
Which is Best ? Highly Reliable ? Strongest ? Dominant than Others ?

To answer this Think on following parameters:

1) Amount of Knowledge
2) Accuracy and precision in Knowledge
3) Durability , consistency
4) Dependence
5) Completeness

P : Pratyasha
A : Anumana
S : Sabd
1) Amount Of Knowledge

Since Our Senses are limited
So knowledge perceived through Senses is also Limited

Through our mental speculation we can think unlimited ,Not Fixed

Through S.knowledge is Fixed ,But still more knowledge perceived from P

=>A > S >P
2) Accuracy and Precision

Through Senses there z Less chance of error in it ,Error will also because of A

However By inference, reasoning there is huge chance of Error Ex- diff. theories in Science

In S error may have if Pramata wants,or in course of time

=> P > S >A
3) Durability consistency

For increasing Durability P and A requires Shabd
Indic knowledge also preserve in oral tradition

S > A> P
4) Dependence

All other pramana are dependent on Pratyaksha , Without Pratyaksha No A nd S possible.
P>A > S
5) Completeness

At initial stages , because of human limitations ,P is not complete source
Similarly A is also limitations as that in Science
But in S knowledge is complete as it is coming from supreme source ,no Humanly effort

S>A>P
Overall
S= 2*3+2*2+1*1= 11
P= 2*3+ 0*3+3*1=9
A= 1*3+ 3*2+1*1= 10

S>A>P
But Here S ,P,A are not exclusively ,all present in any way it's just dominance
Conclusive Remark :
1.Just as a law Book is considered as Final proof , similarly word proof is supreme because in it we don't understand by our own efforts, knowledge itself coming from the supreme source
So during initial stages of Sadhana , spritual initiation S is best
2.But it is Incomplete without Pratyaksha and Anumana
Pratyaksha is Base ,Anuman is middle in Pillar of pramana
At Last when Humanly imperfections removed through sadhna then Pratyaksha praman become Highest.
Pratyaksha is only way for bhagwan , Parmatma or Brahman realization

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