A Thread On Pramanas( प्रमाण)

Using Principles of Nyaya Philoshphy

Discussion on Importance ,Use of Pramanas in Sprituality and Day to Day life
What are Pramanas,Prameya , Prama?

Without proof there is no realization of reality.From the evidence itself, the knower wants to gain or abandon the meaning by believing it
"Pramata" is that which has the tendency to seek or discard that (known) object

He (Pramata) who (by means of) realizes the meaning of meaning is the (Pramana

(In him) the meaning which is experienced is the Prameya

And the real experience of that meaning is called prama
What is Tatva ?

Tasya BhaavaH TatvaM

Being Truth , Eternal of truth' ( known)
As it Is/ were /Shall

TatvaGyan is .
Knowing Truth ,Eternal As It Is

Pramanas are needed to know TatvaGyan which is door towards Moksha
What is Nyaya?
Nyaya is the test of truth by evidence( Pramanas), ie (pratyaksh)direct and word ( Agama/ shabd) dependent inference( Anumana) is Nyaya
Types of Pramanas :

1) Pratyaksha :Direct Perception through Senses , Knowledge perceived from our senses
2) Anumana : Knowledge through inferences based on logical argument, reasoning , experimental .
3) Shabd / Agama : Verbal Testimony, knowledge from high sourse , scriptures
In Nyaya Upma pramana also included which basically deals with knowledge based on comparison and uzing different analogies

These 4 or Three Pramanas are tools to determine ,obtain knowledge from any Source
Which is Best ? Highly Reliable ? Strongest ? Dominant than Others ?

To answer this Think on following parameters:

1) Amount of Knowledge
2) Accuracy and precision in Knowledge
3) Durability , consistency
4) Dependence
5) Completeness

P : Pratyasha
A : Anumana
S : Sabd
1) Amount Of Knowledge

Since Our Senses are limited
So knowledge perceived through Senses is also Limited

Through our mental speculation we can think unlimited ,Not Fixed

Through S.knowledge is Fixed ,But still more knowledge perceived from P

=>A > S >P
2) Accuracy and Precision

Through Senses there z Less chance of error in it ,Error will also because of A

However By inference, reasoning there is huge chance of Error Ex- diff. theories in Science

In S error may have if Pramata wants,or in course of time

=> P > S >A
3) Durability consistency

For increasing Durability P and A requires Shabd
Indic knowledge also preserve in oral tradition

S > A> P
4) Dependence

All other pramana are dependent on Pratyaksha , Without Pratyaksha No A nd S possible.
P>A > S
5) Completeness

At initial stages , because of human limitations ,P is not complete source
Similarly A is also limitations as that in Science
But in S knowledge is complete as it is coming from supreme source ,no Humanly effort

S= 2*3+2*2+1*1= 11
P= 2*3+ 0*3+3*1=9
A= 1*3+ 3*2+1*1= 10

But Here S ,P,A are not exclusively ,all present in any way it's just dominance
Conclusive Remark :
1.Just as a law Book is considered as Final proof , similarly word proof is supreme because in it we don't understand by our own efforts, knowledge itself coming from the supreme source
So during initial stages of Sadhana , spritual initiation S is best
2.But it is Incomplete without Pratyaksha and Anumana
Pratyaksha is Base ,Anuman is middle in Pillar of pramana
At Last when Humanly imperfections removed through sadhna then Pratyaksha praman become Highest.
Pratyaksha is only way for bhagwan , Parmatma or Brahman realization

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More from @shrilalraghudev

23 Sep

Along with 8 Indian classical dance ,India has Numerous local folk dance forms in every few different Km from Kashmir to Kanyakumari

Their central theme is Nature and devotion for Bhagwan

Let's start with folk dances of Kerala


~Also performed in TN

~Dance performed without music

~Beats generated by rythmic clapping

~Mainly performed by Women

~Performed during Pongal

~Close to other folk dances such as kolattam

~Performed by girls dressed like peacock

~Also know as peacock dance

~Similar Variants -

- kaalai attam ( bull dance)

- karadi attam ( bear dance)

- Aali Attam ( demon dance)

- Pampu attam ( snake dance)
Read 7 tweets
22 Sep

Two Basic Aspects ::

1) Lasya
~Symbolism of Feminine features
~Abhinaya( act)

2) Tandav
~Symbolism of Masculine Features
~Movement , Symmetric pattern Image
According to AbhinayaDarpan(~500BC)

1) Nritta
~Dance Steps devoid of expression
~Rhythmically Performed

2) Natya
~Dramatic / story representation
~Dance Recital

3) Nritya
~Expression of Emotions
~By Mudras and Mime

~Eternal deity is seen as the Hero ( Nayaka)

~Devotee ,who performs dance is Nayika ( Heroine)

Note -:-
Nayaka/Nayika is non translatable as nayika may be male for Nayak(female goddess)
So Hero/Heroine is inaccurate yet used to describe context Image
Read 5 tweets
21 Sep

Dance art is not just for pleasure, but a means of showing devotion
It is different fromD materialistic, post culture abuses of bollywood

SNA recognises 8 indian classical dance which are explained below
Tell your favourite one.

~Oldest among all classical dances

~Name derived from "Bharat Muni "

~Evolved from' Sagir' performed by temple dancers

~Equal emphasis on Lasya and Tandav

~ Referred as Fire dance( symbolises agni)

Do you know about Rukmani Devi Arubdale??
Elements of Bharatnatyam

~Alarippu ( invocatory dance with rhythm)

~Jatiswaram ( Nrrita-devoid of Expression,includes poses )

~Shabdam (dramatic expression in glory of Lord)

~Varnam ( nritya, emotional)

~Padam( act)

~Jawali( faster tempo)

Read 14 tweets
19 Sep
Today All fallacies will remove about "Gau-mutra"
All attempts of making fun of , flout, derision ,mockery on Gaumutra is results of mere ignorance ! They don't understand when ? Why? it is used

A Thread On "Gaumutra"
1) गोमूत्र is not used anywhere!
Gaumutra Ark is used for medicinal treatment [ Ayurveda ]

Gomutra Ark= Distillate of Cow Urine
( There is whole process to do it)

2) No connection with religious aspects ,nor religious connotation
Dharmik attributes may be given
Cow urine has been used for curing various diseases in Ayurveda, TCM, Nigeerian nd other folk medicine

Though "gomutra ark" is ayurvedic drug
Let see how it is discussed in ayurveda:
Ands it's Ayurvedic properties
Read 12 tweets
18 Sep

Bhaskarcharya Named book after his daughter (lilawati) And book presents various mathematical problems where Bhaskara ask Questions to lilawati

Bhaskarcharya was 36 year old when he composed marvelous mathematical book lilawati

+ Image
Glory of Lilawati is described in commentry of Munisvara in following words

Text filled with words having multiple meanings,that which doesn't reveal itself completely

Use of Slesha Alankar is most ,it's Poetic text too,that which is capable of generating pleasant feeling

Lilawati has attracted vast number of commentries in Sanskrit as well as no of translation in other languages as well
That clearly bring out it's popularity
Some of selected commentry of Lilawati are: Image
Read 10 tweets
18 Sep
Intellectual Accomplishments of Bhaskarcharya [ BHASKARA-II]

( Not that which is spread in Market)

Cangadeva's Inscription (1207CE) says following words for Bhaskarcharya in order to give him tributes :: Image
1) One who is learned in Kumarilabhatta's doctrine

2)One who is Unique in Sankhya Philoshphy

3) Independent Thinker of Tantra

4) One who have Unblemished knowledge of Vedas

5) Master in poetic Meters

6) Who was deeply versed in Vaisheshika System Image
7) One who was illustrious in Prabhakara's doctrine of Mimansa

8) Great Poet

9)who was equal to 3eyes of shiva in 3 branches of Jyotisha

Narsimha Daivajna (who done commentry [vasanavartika ] on Vasanabhasya of bhaskara-II ) Introduces opulences of bhaskara in following ways Image
Read 8 tweets

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