While managing HIV, you also have to be checking to see if any of its friends have come along for the party so you can deal with them appropriately.

One of HIV’s favorite party companions is the Human Papilloma Virus (HPV).
There are lots of different strains of HPV and they are commonly found in both men and women.

Most strains of HPV don’t cause any serious problems, but a few strains do cause disease.
A couple strains are known to be responsible for causing cervical cancer and also cancer of the anus.

A couple of different strains cause genital warts.

Genital warts look like crusty clusters that can appear on the penis, the labia, vulva or anus.
Sometimes they can get quite large looking like miniature clusters of grapes, or even having a cauliflower-like appearance.

Not surprisingly, this virus that causes problems in the anal/genital area is mainly sexually transmitted.
It also may be the cause of other types of cancers in different parts of the body.

When HIV and HPV party together, this usually means trouble. Since both viruses are sexually transmitted, they are commonly found together.
But because HIV impairs the immune system, the body can’t fight off the dangerous strains of HPV as easily.

So while cervical cancer, anal cancer and genital warts occur in the general population, they are all more common in HIV infected persons.
There is a test that can detect whether a person is infected with HPV and whether than strain is dangerous or not. Your doctor can do this test.
Early in the HIV epidemic in the US (1980’s) people didn’t know a lot about how HIV affected women.

Most cancers take years to develop, and since there weren’t effective treatments for HIV, people died from HIV before cancers could develop.
Also, many doctors only viewed HIV as a disease of white gay men and simply weren’t looking for HIV infection in women, especially black women.
It took quite a while for the link between HIV infection and cervical cancer to be worked out, and many women likely died of cervical cancer without ever knowing they were HIV-infected.
Years ago, a procedure was developed designed to detect cervical cancer early so that it could be treated before progressing to a more dangerous form of cancer. 

This test, called a "Pap smear" involves collecting cells from the opening of the cervix using a special swab.
The cells are spread onto a slide and viewed under a microscope to recognize abnormal cells. 

If abnormal cells are detected, this could be a sign that there are changes taking place in the cervix that could lead to cancer.
By having regular Pap smears in women, medical providers could detect cancers early and treat them. 

This procedure has saved millions of women’s lives and proven to be an effective screening method.
Because HIV changes the immune system, cancer could develop earlier and more aggressively than in women without HIV-infection.
The use of condoms has been shown to reduce HPV transmission just as it reduces transmission of HIV. 

One major concern is that genital warts can transmit the HPV virus to another person through contact with the skin.
This is important to keep in mind because genital warts may occur on parts of the genitalia not covered by a condom and could make contact with the partners skin.
If you're sexually active, especially with multiple partners, you've probably heard the following advice many times: Use protection and get tested.

This can never be overemphasized.
Meanwhile, check out my slideshow on Common Sexually Transmitted Infections. Kindly subscribe to my YouTube channel too, thanks 🤗😁

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More from @IhuezeMD

21 Jul
During the 19th century, the Catholic Church engineered one of the worst examples of human cruelty, in history.

Thread 👇🏽
For hundreds of years, in the choirs of the Vatican, the Pope and his buddies were quite fond of great singing voices.

There was just one problem with a beautifully voiced youth — they’d hit puberty and age out of it. Your balls drop, your voice drop, and poof! it’s gone.
Someone discovered that in men who were castrated at an early age, the voice tends to remain high-pitched.

But just a shrill voice alone won’t do — it has to be a trained voice, belonging to a trained singer.
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21 Jul
The Genocide of Polish unarmed civilians by Ukrainian fighters(UPA) was definitely the cruelest event in WorldWar2, but not very famous. I think it is just too brutal.

Around 100k people were killed village by village using unimaginable methods of tortue.
Comparing to that genocide the Japanese or Nazi crimes seem to be kindergarten.

Any the worst imaginable ways of killing were used & plenty new invented.
Killing quickly was not a case at all. Mass Rape was just a beginning for every woman.

The scale of pure sadism during the event is still not fully understood. Many times killing of one person took few days.
Read 6 tweets
20 Jul
Just because programming tutorials are openly available these days does, in no way, imply that learning to code is an effortless endeavor.

In fact, learning to code all by yourself by utilizing these free resources is a true test of patience and dedication.
Yes, there are thousands of interactive tutorials and courses out there on a myriad of CS topics. But trust me, this is what most of us end up doing:

Day 1: I’m so pumped! Can’t wait to start this new JavaScript course!
Day 2: Wow! I just made my browser pop up some text with the alert() function! neat!

Day 3: Errrm, asynchronous functions? This is a bit confusing for me!

Day 10: Umm, that last part was kind of hard. Maybe I should just do something else for now. Maybe start learning Python?
Read 6 tweets
20 Jul
Everyone literally knows who Hitler was & knows about the pure horrific brutality of the Nazi regime and the SS.

Yet somehow, the Japanese are often given a pass in WorldWar2 and considered less evil than Hitler.
So while the Holocaust and many atrocities of the Nazi Reich rank as the cruelest events in WW2 I think we should focus on what the Japanese did.
The rape of Nanjing.

When the Japanese army took Nanjing it subjected the civilian population to brutality and horror that would make the SS gawk in horror.
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31 Mar
If you want to kickstart your career in data science & ML. Build data science skills, learn Python & SQL, analyze & visualize data, build machine learning models, this thread is for you.

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You'll learn what data science is, the various activities of a data scientist’s job, and methodology to think and work like a data scientist.
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You'll be taught how to import and clean data sets, analyze and visualize data, build and evaluate machine learning models and pipelines using Python.
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31 Mar
Lina Marcela Medina de Jurado.

She is a Peruvian woman who became the youngest confirmed mother in history when she gave birth aged five years.

Based on the medical assessments of her pregnancy, she was less than five years old when she became pregnant.
On the 23rd of September, 1933, in Peru, a girl by the name of Lina Marcela Medina de Jurado would be born.

5 years later, Lina Marcela was giving birth.
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Their five-year-old daughter was pregnant.
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