Investment Hack 🔍 🤫

Unlock the power of an ETF (Exchange Traded Fund)

For early investors, it can be hard to figure out WHAT to buy.

You know you like a few companies, but you don’t know if together they’re a good idea.

That’s where studying ETFs come in 👇🏻
Firstly, what’s an ETF:

Like index funds, ETFs are a fund of multiple stocks. Some have 100 holdings, some less or more. But they give you good diversity matching an index or sector.

Even for experienced investors they can be a great catch-all to passively invest.

There are 2 main types:

Passively managed (cheaper fees) — like $DGRO

Actively managed (more expense because they are closely managed with more buying/selling activity to try to increase the fund earnings) — like $ARKK
How to study them:

Google a high performing ETF that you have your eye on.

Search for: The ETF ticker symbol + Top Holdings

For example, $DGRO is one of my favorites focused on dividend growth stocks.
This will now unlock for you what stocks the fund holds 🔐

Look at the top 10-15 stocks a fund holds to understand how it is diversified and what the majority of its direction is controlled by.

With $DGRO, it’s names like Microsoft, Apple, Johnson and Johnson, Verizon, etc.
If you’re a beginner unsure what to invest in — this can be a great hack to pick a few individual stocks to study and potentially start with.

If the core holdings make a fund like $DGRO or $VOO successful, there’s a good chance they can work for the average investor.
Holdings Weight 🧾

Another important thing to note is the weight of the top holdings. Some ETFs have stocks that make up 10% or more of the whole fund!

For $DGRO, the highest weight is $MSFT at about 3%.

If a fund is largely 1️⃣ or 2️⃣ stocks, it isn’t very diverse.
Why not just buy shares of the ETF, like $DGRO? You can!

However, ETFs generally comes with a management fee or “expense ratio”.

Before buying shares in an etf, google its ticket symbol + expense ratio to see.
In the case of $DGRO, it’s cheap!

For every $1000 you own in $DGRO, they charge you $0.80 cents a year.

Nothing huge.

But some ETFs can charge over a percent! That adds up and cuts into your gains.
So, if you study the top holdings of an ETF you like and the weight of each holding —

You have an option to just buy some of the top holdings and never pay an expense fee!

This can also just be a great tool to see what works for a potential “portfolio” that you might design.
For example, another popular ETF $ARKK has 1️⃣ stock that makes up over 10% of its fund — and is a big part of its success.

$TSLA is 10% of the fund.

And the expense ratio is a big 0.75% ($7.50 for every $1000 you own).
Lastly, even if you just buy ETFs (they make up almost 50% of my portfolio because I’m lazy):

Still study the holdings, weight, and expense ratio.

You could be holding multiple ETFs that basically hold many of the same stocks — making them redundant.

And some could be pricey!
Or, you could be holding one charging you an insane amount for just a few stocks you could buy yourself.

ETFs are both a great investment tool 🔨 AND a great way to study investing 📚

Now that you know how to study them — GO forth, and research!

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More from @finance_hipster

21 Feb
Here are a few REITs (Real Estate Investment Trusts) that I own shares of:

$O - Div/Yield 4.6%
$STAG - Div/Yield 4.53%
$CUBE - Div/ Yield 3.7%
$NHI - Div/Yield 6.45%
$MAIN - Div/Yield 7.13%
$LAND - Div/Yield 2.89%

Each pay a nice dividend yield, with several paying monthly.
As a renter, I love REITs because they provide me real estate exposure that I otherwise wouldn’t have the capital to invest in 🏡

You buy shares,

get paid dividends and capital appreciation,

and someone else has to fix the roof and toilets and collect the rent.
If researching and picking out one individual REIT company scares you due to risk,

you can also invest in multiple through an ETF.

Two REIT ETFs that I own:

🔘 $VNQ (vanguard US Fund, low cost) 3.89% div/yield
🔘 $SRET (riskier, global, higher yield/cost) 8.74% div/ yield
Read 5 tweets
23 Nov 20
We discuss a lot of books on here with money knowledge —

But films 🎥 are more rare.

That doesn’t mean you can’t learn anything though.

On today’s reel, Wall Street (1987).

Get in the car —

Gordon Geeko is teaching class today.

This film is full of fast money and stock market pump and dumps 📈 📉

Classic insider trader moves and back restaurant deals.

But buried in there are actual real money and trading gems 💎

I’ve pulled a few out just for you (because I like you, that’s why)

“I look at 100 deals a day, I chose one.”

When you first start investing, every deal looks good 🤑

You want to jump on every opportunity because to you everything looks like money.

It isn’t.

Learn to sift through the junk, and find the one.

This has saved me money.

Read 12 tweets
21 Nov 20
My current yearly allocation:

▪️401k (4% company match)
▪️Roth IRA max ($6000)
▪️HSA max ($3500)
▪️Gold 5%
▪️Bitcoin 3%
▪️Remaining goes to after-tax brokerage where I split 50/50 ETFs/Individual Companies

Savings rate: 50-60% (this gives me a lot of options)

A few other stats:

▪️I do not use DRIP (automatic dividend reinvestment)
▪️My 401k/ROTH are set up with about a 60/40 split US/International total stock funds
▪️ETFs — I favor the lowest expense ratio option when available
▪️Favorite ETFs: $VTI, $VOO, $VXUS, $ICLN, $VGT
Saw similar summaries from @thewealthdad and @DecadeInvestor and figured I’d share my own!
Read 4 tweets
21 Nov 20
Spend as much of your money as you can on:

1️⃣ Things that pay you money
2️⃣ Things that will be worth more money in the future than what you paid for them.

I prefer the first option because it guarantees 💵 coming to you.

The second option is good for for diversity and potential gains.

Both are asset classes,


One gives you guaranteed income and the other makes you wait in hopes someone will be willing to pay more for it at a later date.

Some examples of each:

1️⃣ Things that pay you money:

✔️ Dividend paying stocks
✔️ Interest paying accounts (bonds, notes/loans, high yield accounts, etc.)
✔️ Rental properties or vehicles
✔️ Business ownership

Read 6 tweets
10 Oct 20
Money lessons are as old as the Bible —

Written as far back as 1200 B.C. to the first century A.D.

With an estimated 5 billion copies sold.

And yet, as you’ll see, all these lessons are STILL ignored.

So what does the Good Book say about money?

“For the love of money is a root of all kinds of evil.”

Timothy 6:10

This one is BIG. But often misunderstood.

It’s not a danger to be good with money or to master it.

Merely, falling in love with it is the trouble.

We’ve all seen the evil rich guy. Don’t be him.

“Dishonest money dwindles away, but whoever gathers money little by little makes it grow.”

Proverbs 13:11

Quick to rich and quicker to broke.

Don’t chase after one big win with all your money. Instead aim for consistent gain with discipline.

Read 11 tweets
26 Sep 20
Do you own bonds in your portfolio?

Many don’t.

They’re boring, they don’t really grow, and they pay... almost nothing.

Let’s go through a few types of bonds — AND why I currently hold hold them (*disclaimer - not investment advice for YOU)
1️⃣ WHY?

Current savings account interest rates are low. Like REALLY low (Ally just lowered to 0.60% down from 2.25% two years ago or so).

Inflation is pegged around 2%. That means your bank is actually losing money over time.

It’s like having a hole in your wallet...

This is where bonds and bond like funds come in, for me.

After talking with @andyisom100K and @javyandrade , I started tinkering with a portfolio of several types of these funds to park some of my savings (not all!) — to allow it to grow.

Let’s go through them to learn.

Read 17 tweets

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